Smart Phone-Based Application for Evaluation and Rehabilitation of HindFoot Pain

Y

Yeditepe University

Status

Unknown

Conditions

Plantar Fascitis
Foot Diseases
Achilles Tendinopathy
Feet Pes Cavus
Feet Pes Planus (Flatfoot)

Treatments

Diagnostic Test: smart phone application

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04423900
YeditepeFTR

Details and patient eligibility

About

This randomized controlled study aims to evaluate the status of the individuals with hindfoot pain and to recommend preventive precautions and appropriate exercise programs with Smart Phone-Based Applications. Additionally, to compare the results of patients who attended through mobile applications (Achilles Tendinopathy and Plantar Fasciitis) with the results of patients included in the hands-on program.

Full description

Foot pain is common in the general population, with prevalence estimates ranging from 17 to 30% . A systematic review concluded that nearly one-quarter of adults over age 45 experience frequent foot pain. Foot pain has been associated with poor balance, gait problems, the limitation of daily living activities, and health-related quality of life. It has been reported that at least two-thirds of individuals experience moderate functional daily life problems .The etiology of hindfoot pain is mostly associated with Achilles Tendinopathy and Plantar Fasciitis, which are prevalent, affecting millions of people each year . Most cases of hindfoot pain if not treated, they will get worse with time and resistant symptoms. This is why to get more information on prevalence and risk factors in the general population is necessary to organize health care planning and the extent of clinical need.An increase in the use of digital technology and smart phones globally with mobile applications provide an alternative solution to the planning of primary health care services. In the US, approximately 90% of adults have a mobile phone, and 58% of these prefer smart phones, while in Turkey, 98% of adults use mobile phones, and 77% of them are smart phones owners. The popularity of smart phones provides opportunities for reaching information and giving skills to users through applications. These applications offer new opportunities for collecting, evaluating, and monitoring health information and have portability, the flexibility of use, and a width of the access area.With the concept of this approaching (using digital technologies,) several systematic reviews have examined digital programs using for different health conditions/ pathologies (paralysis, lack of balance/stabilization, cardiac disorders, and joint / extremity). A great deal of physiotherapy interventions for hindfoot pain includes electrotherapy agents, 'hands-on' therapy, stretching, and strengthening exercises. The exercise programs are an essential part of rehabilitation programs for hindfoot pain, and patients who involved in this exercise program also need to get feedback by physiotherapist. For this reason, the digital technology-based applications are considered to be contributive for follow-up exercise regularly and detecting the changes and progression. Additionally, to the best of our knowledge, a smartphone application research involving hindfoot pathology with suggesting assessment methods and including exercise program is not available in the literature. Thereby, the study aims to evaluate the status of the individuals with hindfoot pain and to recommend preventive precautions and appropriate exercise programs with Smart Phone-Based Applications and to compare the results of patients who attended through mobile applications (Achilles Tendinopathy and Plantar Fasciitis) with the results of patients included in the hands-on program.

Enrollment

120 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 65 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Pain in the heel and surrounding area
  • Have given consent to be a volunteer for participating to the study
  • 18 years and older
  • Ability to use a smartphone

Exclusion criteria

  • Having foot and ankle injury and surgery in the last three months
  • Have received physiotherapy or local injection before randomization
  • Having major pathologies during the rehabilitation program (severe heart and neuropsychiatric disorders, complicated diabetes mellitus)
  • Neoplastic formation in the foot-ankle region
  • Vision problem
  • Night pain

Trial design

Primary purpose

Diagnostic

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

120 participants in 6 patient groups

Plantar Fasciitis App Exercise Group
Experimental group
Description:
Video simulation of patient education (definition of the disease, risk factors, lifestyle modifications, prevention methods) will be performed to people via smart phone app application. Individuals will receive feedback after completing the training program and will then be included in the exercise program. The mobile application provides feedback so that the exercise program (stretching, strengthening, self-myofascial relaxation exercises) determined according to the diagnosis of the patients is performed by the patients at twice a day for eight weeks.
Treatment:
Diagnostic Test: smart phone application
Achilles Tendinopathy App Exercise Group
Experimental group
Description:
Video simulation of patient education (definition of the disease, risk factors, lifestyle modifications, prevention methods) will be performed to people via smart phone app application. Individuals will receive feedback after completing the training program and will then be included in the exercise program. The mobile application provides feedback so that the exercise program (stretching, strengthening, self-myofascial relaxation exercises) determined according to the diagnosis of the patients is performed by the patients at twice a day for eight weeks.
Treatment:
Diagnostic Test: smart phone application
Plantar Fasciitis Home Exercise Group
Experimental group
Description:
Patients will learn the exercises by the physiotherapist in the clinic. Patients will be included in the training program (stretching, strengthening, self-myofascial release exercises) -only once. Then, patients will do this program at their home twice a day for eight weeks.
Treatment:
Diagnostic Test: smart phone application
Achilles Tendinopathy Home Exercise Group
Experimental group
Description:
Patients will learn the exercises by the physiotherapist in the clinic. Patients will be included in the training program (stretching, strengthening, self-myofascial release exercises) -only once. Then, patients will do this program at their home twice a day for eight weeks.
Treatment:
Diagnostic Test: smart phone application
Plantar Fasciitis Conventional Physiotherapy Group
Experimental group
Description:
In this group, patients will first be included in the patient education and exercises program in the clinic-only once. Mulligan Concept - Manual Therapy and Compressive myofascial relaxation methods will be applied to the individuals who have completed the patient training program by the physiotherapist. Patients will participate in the rehabilitation program twice a week for eight weeks. These patients will perform their home exercises twice daily and for eight weeks.
Treatment:
Diagnostic Test: smart phone application
Achilles Tendinopathy Conventional Physiotherapy Group
Experimental group
Description:
In this group, patients will first be included in the patient education and exercises program in the clinic-only once. Mulligan Concept - Manual Therapy and Compressive myofascial relaxation methods will be applied to the individuals who have completed the patient training program by the physiotherapist. Patients will participate in the rehabilitation program twice a week for eight weeks. These patients will perform their home exercises twice daily and for eight weeks.
Treatment:
Diagnostic Test: smart phone application

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Elif Tuğçe Çil, M.S.c

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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