Smoking Cessation After Hospitalization for a Cardiopulmonary Illness (STOPP)

N

North Shore Medical Center

Status

Completed

Conditions

Smoking Cessation

Treatments

Drug: Nicotine
Behavioral: hypnotherapy

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01791803
STOPP

Details and patient eligibility

About

Smoking-related cardiopulmonary diseases account for a large number of hospital admissions. We investigated the efficacy of hypnotherapy as an aid to a counseling-based smoking cessation program in improving quit rates of hospitalized smoking patients at 12 and 26 weeks after hospital discharge. We compared outcomes with hospitalized patients who received more conventional therapy, namely nicotine replacement therapy, or patients who decided to quit on their own. We also compared smoking cessation rates at 12 and 26 weeks after hospitalization among patients admitted with a cardiac or a pulmonary diagnosis.

Full description

Hospitalized patients with a cardiopulmonary diagnosis who were contemplating quitting were recruited into 4 groups: Hypnotherapy, Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), both hypnotherapy and NRT, and self-quit group. All patients received self-help brochures and in-hospital counseling. Intervention groups received more extensive counseling, free NRT supply for a month and/or a 90 minute hypnotherapy session within 2 weeks of discharge. They also had follow up telephone counseling at 1,2,4,8 and 12 weeks after discharge. 7 day prevalence of tobacco abstinence rates at 26 weeks after hospitalization were verified by self report and urinary Cotinine levels.

Enrollment

164 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 75 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Hospitalized patients with a Cardiopulmonary admission.

Exclusion criteria

  • Terminal illness, history of Serious Psychiatric illness or substance abuse, Pregnancy, Cognitive or language barriers.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

164 participants in 4 patient groups

Hypnotherapy
Experimental group
Description:
Patients admitted with a cardiopulmonary illness received a 90 minute free hypnotherapy session within 2 weeks of discharge, and a standardized tape for smoking cessation and relaxation for continued use after the session. They also received self-help brochures, and counseling during hospitalization and by telephone at 1,2,4,8 and 12 weeks after discharge.
Treatment:
Behavioral: hypnotherapy
Nicotine Replacement Therapy
Experimental group
Description:
Patients recieved a free one month supply of Nicotine replacement therapy to include patches and Gum, lozenges or sprays. Patients also received self-help brochures, and counseling during hospitalization and by telephone at 1,2,4,8 and 12 weeks after hospitalization.
Treatment:
Drug: Nicotine
Hypnotherapy and Nicotine replacement
Experimental group
Description:
The group received similar hypnotherapy session and tape, similar brochure and counseling protocol, as well as free nicotine replacement supplies for a month after discharge.
Treatment:
Behavioral: hypnotherapy
Drug: Nicotine
Self-Quit group
No Intervention group
Description:
Patients were given brief counseling during hospitalization and will not be contacted until 26 weeks after hospitalization.

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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