Sorafenib for Prophylaxis of Leukemia Relapse in Allo-HSCT Recipients With FLT3-ITD Positive AML

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Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3
Phase 2

Conditions

Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Treatments

Drug: Sorafenib

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02474290
Sorafenib-Flt3 AML-2015

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of sorafenib for prophylaxis of leukemia relapse in allogeneic stem cell transplant (Allo-HSCT) recipients with FLT3-ITD positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

Full description

Internal tandem duplication of FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3-ITD) mutations have been reported in 20%-30% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). FLT3-ITD-positive AML patients have an inferior survival, primarily due to lower complete remission (CR) rate and higher relapse rate. Although allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) improves the outcomes of some FLT3-ITD-positive AML, a significant number will suffer disease recurrence after allo-HSCT. Sorafenib, an inhibitor of multiple kinases including FLT3, has shown promising activity in FLT3-ITD-positive AML. Recent studies have shown that sorafenib monotherapy or in combination with chemotherapy are effective in attaining CR, but they do not have significant improvement in relapse. Currently, prophylactic use of sorafenib after allo-HSCT has been rarely reported, and whether it can improve outcomes of FLT3-ITD-positive AML remains unclear.

Enrollment

202 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 60 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • FLT3-ITD Positive AML
  • Allo-HSCT Recipients

Exclusion criteria

  • cardiac dysfunction (particularly congestive heart failure)
  • hepatic abnormalities (bilirubin ≥ 3 mg/dL, aminotransferase> 2 times the upper limit of normal)
  • renal dysfunction (creatinine clearance rate < 30 mL/min)
  • Any abnormality in a vital sign (e.g., heart rate, respiratory rate, or blood pressure)
  • Patients with any conditions not suitable for the trial (investigators' decision)

Trial design

202 participants in 2 patient groups

Sorafenib group
Experimental group
Description:
Sorafenib will be used from day 30 to 180 post-transplantation.
Treatment:
Drug: Sorafenib
non-Sorafenib group
No Intervention group

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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