Sorafenib in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Progressive Malignant Glioma

National Cancer Institute (NCI) logo

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

Adult Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma
Recurrent Adult Brain Tumor
Adult Anaplastic Astrocytoma
Adult Giant Cell Glioblastoma
Adult Gliosarcoma

Treatments

Drug: sorafenib tosylate
Other: pharmacological study

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

NIH

Identifiers

NCT00093613
NABTT 0401 (Other Identifier)
ABTC-0401
NABTT-0401
NCI-2012-03102 (Registry Identifier)
U01CA062475 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility

About

This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of sorafenib in treating patients with recurrent or progressive malignant glioma. Sorafenib may stop the growth of tumor cells by stopping blood flow to the tumor and by blocking the enzymes necessary for their growth.

Full description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of BAY 43-9006 when administered to adults with recurrent malignant glioma, receiving (Group A) or not receiving (Group B) anticonvulsants known to be metabolized by the P450 hepatic enzyme complex. II. To assess and estimate the dose-related toxicities. III. To describe the pharmacokinetics of this route of administration, measuring BAY 43-9006, and to assess the pharmacokinetic difference between patients taking enzyme-inducing agents and those who are not. IV. To estimate overall survival. OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to the concurrent use of cytochrome P450-inducing anticonvulsants (yes vs no). Patients receive oral sorafenib twice daily on days 1-28 (once daily on day 1 of course 1 only). Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of 3-6 patients per stratum receive escalating doses of sorafenib until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 3 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Patients are followed every 2 months.

Enrollment

47 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Patients must have histologically proven malignant glioma (anaplastic astrocytoma, anaplastic oligodendroglioma or glioblastoma multiforme) which is progressive or recurrent after radiation therapy ± chemotherapy; patients with previous low grade glioma who progressed after radiotherapy ± chemotherapy and are biopsied and found to have a high grade glioma are eligible
  • Patients must have measurable progressive or recurrent malignant glioma by MRI or CT imaging; (Within 14 days before starting treatment)
  • Patients must have recovered from toxicity of prior therapy; an interval of at least 3 months must have elapsed since the completion of the most recent course of radiation therapy, while at least 3 weeks must have elapsed since the completion of a non-nitrosourea containing chemotherapy regimen, and at least 6 weeks since the completion of a nitrosourea containing chemotherapy regimen
  • Patients must have a Karnofsky performance status >= 60% (i.e. the patient must be able to care for himself/herself with occasional help from others)
  • Absolute Neutrophil Count >= 1500/mm^3
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Creatinine =< 1.7mg/dl
  • Total Bilirubin =< 1.5mg/dl
  • Transaminases =< 4 times above the upper limits of the institutional norm
  • PT, PTT, INR within institutional norm
  • Patients must be able to provide written informed consent
  • Patients with the potential for pregnancy or impregnating their partner must agree to follow acceptable birth control methods to avoid conception; women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test; (The anti-proliferative activity of this experimental drug may be harmful to the developing fetus or nursing infant)
  • Patients must have a Mini Mental State Exam score >= 15

Exclusion criteria

  • Patients with serious concurrent infection or medical illness which would jeopardize the ability of the patient to receive the treatment outlined in this protocol with reasonable safety; (Examples of medical illnesses are [but not limited to] the following: uncontrolled hypertension, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situation that would limit compliance with study requirements)
  • Patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding; (The anti-proliferative activity of this experimental drug may be harmful to the developing fetus or nursing infant)
  • Patients who have received more than two prior treatments
  • Patients receiving concurrent therapy for their tumor (with the exception of steroids)
  • Patients with a concurrent malignancy are ineligible unless they are patients with curatively treated carcinoma-in-situ or basal cell carcinoma of the skin; patients with a prior malignancy are ineligible unless they have been free of disease for >= five years
  • Patients must not have any evidence of bleeding diathesis
  • Patients must not be on therapeutic anticoagulation; prophylactic anticoagulation (i.e. low dose warfarin) of venous or arterial access devices is allowed provided that the requirements for PT, INR or PTT are met; (Patients will be taken off treatment if they require therapeutic anticoagulation during BAY 43-9006 treatment)

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

47 participants in 1 patient group

Treatment (sorafenib tosylate)
Experimental group
Description:
Patients receive oral sorafenib twice daily on days 1-28 (once daily on day 1 of course 1 only). Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of 3-6 patients per stratum receive escalating doses of sorafenib until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 3 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.
Treatment:
Other: pharmacological study
Drug: sorafenib tosylate

Trial contacts and locations

10

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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