Sorafenib Tosylate in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced, Metastatic, or Locally Recurrent Thyroid Cancer

National Cancer Institute (NCI) logo

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Status and phase

Terminated
Phase 2

Conditions

Recurrent Thyroid Cancer
Stage IV Follicular Thyroid Cancer
Stage III Papillary Thyroid Cancer
Insular Thyroid Cancer
Stage III Follicular Thyroid Cancer
Stage IV Papillary Thyroid Cancer
Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer

Treatments

Procedure: dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging
Drug: sorafenib tosylate
Procedure: positron emission tomography
Radiation: fludeoxyglucose F 18
Other: pharmacological study
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

NIH

Identifiers

NCT00095693
N01CM62207 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
NCI-6608
CDR0000393968
OSU 0441 (Other Identifier)
P30CA016058 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
OSU-0441
N01CM62206 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
OSU-2004C0068
NCI-2012-01457 (Registry Identifier)
U01CA076576 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
6608 (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility

About

Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of sorafenib tosylate in treating patients who have locally advanced, metastatic, or locally recurrent thyroid cancer. Sorafenib tosylate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the enzymes necessary for their growth and by stopping blood flow to the tumor.

Full description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. Determine objective response rate in patients with locally advanced, metastatic, or locally recurrent differentiated thyroid cancer treated with sorafenib (BAY 43-9006). SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the toxicity of this drug in these patients. II. Correlate thyroglobulin levels with tumor response in patients treated with this drug. III. Correlate fludeoxyglucose F 18 positron emission tomography results with tumor response in patients treated with this drug. IV. Correlate tumor permeability and vascularity, as determined by dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI, with tumor response in patients treated with this drug. V. Determine the pharmacodynamics of this drug in these patients. VI. Correlate the presence and type of B-raf, N-ras, or RET/PTC gene mutations with clinical response in patients treated with this drug. VII. Correlate the degree of Ras-MAPK signaling inhibition and vascular endothelial growth factor expression with clinical response in patients treated with this drug. OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to diagnosis (papillary thyroid cancer that is chemo-naïve vs all others). Patients receive oral sorafenib tosylate twice daily for up to 6 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving complete remission (CR) receive 8 additional weeks of therapy beyond CR. Patients are followed within 2-4 weeks after completion of study treatment.

Enrollment

25 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Histologically confirmed diagnosis of 1 of the following:

Papillary thyroid cancer (stratum I)

Papillary, follicular, Hurthle cell, insular, or anaplastic thyroid cancer (stratum II)

  • Mixed histology, poorly differentiated, or tall-cell variants allowed
  • Metastatic, locally advanced, or locally recurrent disease

At least 1 unidimensionally measurable lesion >= 20 mm by conventional techniques OR >= 10 mm by spiral CT scan

The following are considered non-measurable disease:

  • Tumors in a previously irradiated area
  • Bone lesions
  • Leptomeningeal disease
  • Ascites
  • Pleural/pericardial effusion
  • Lymphangitis cutis/pulmonis
  • Abdominal masses not confirmed and followed by imaging techniques
  • Cystic lesions
  • Archival tumor tissue block OR material collected before study entry available (stratum I)
  • Biopsy-accessible disease (stratum I)
  • Performance status - ECOG 0-1
  • At least 6 months
  • WBC >= 3,000/mm^3
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • No bleeding diathesis
  • Bilirubin =< 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST and ALT =< 1.5 times ULN
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 times ULN
  • No uncontrolled hypertension
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • Willing to undergo 2 tumor biopsies during study participation (stratum I)
  • No history of allergic reaction attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to sorafenib
  • No ongoing or active infection
  • No psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study compliance
  • No other uncontrolled illness
  • No other concurrent malignancy except nonmetastatic nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix

No prior systemic chemotherapy for thyroid cancer (stratum I)

  • Prior systemic chemotherapy used to treat a second primary cancer with curative intent allowed provided the primary cancer was treated more than 5 years before study entry
  • No more than 3 prior systemic chemotherapy regimens for thyroid cancer (stratum II)
  • More than 6 weeks since prior systemic chemotherapy (stratum II)
  • No prior external beam radiotherapy to the sole site of measurable disease (except for patients with anaplastic thyroid cancer)
  • More than 6 weeks since prior external beam radiotherapy
  • More than 24 weeks since prior iodine I 131
  • Recovered from all prior therapy
  • No prior sorafenib
  • More than 6 weeks since prior investigational tumor-specific therapy
  • Concurrent oral or IV bisphosphonates for bony metastases allowed at the discretion of the investigator
  • No other concurrent tumor-specific or investigational therapy
  • No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients

No concurrent therapeutic anticoagulation

Concurrent prophylactic anticoagulation (e.g., low-dose warfarin) for venous or arterial access devices allowed provided PT, INR, or PTT are normal

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

25 participants in 1 patient group

Treatment (sorafenib tosylate)
Experimental group
Description:
Patients receive oral sorafenib tosylate twice daily for up to 6 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving CR receive 8 additional weeks of therapy beyond CR.
Treatment:
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Other: pharmacological study
Radiation: fludeoxyglucose F 18
Procedure: positron emission tomography
Procedure: dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging
Drug: sorafenib tosylate

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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