Spinal Stimulation During Exercise in Heart Failure

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Mayo Clinic




Heart Failure


Device: Precision Spinal Cord Stimulator System

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


The purpose of this proposal is to determine whether epidural spinal cord stimulation can modulate cardiovascular control during exercise in Heart Failure patients.

Full description

Forty Heart Failure (>18 yrs. of age) will be recruited. The study will include a total of 2 visits. All experiments will take place at the Mayo Clinic; at the outpatient radiology for MRI screening, the Charlton Clinical Research Unit (CRU) for surgical suite for spinal cord stimulation placement and the Saint Mary's Hospital Clinical Research Unit for clinical exercise laboratory for the exercise protocol and overnight stay. Study visit 1 will include eligibility screening, consenting process, completion of a health questionnaire and performance of a peak oxygen consumption (VO2) test. Additionally, subjects will undergo a screening lumbar MRI to ensure that there are no anatomical anomalies in or around the epidural area consistent with standard clinical practice for epidural stimulator lead placement associated with chronic pain syndromes. Study visit 2 will include an overnight stay in the Saint Mary's Hospital Clinical Research Unit. Patients will check in to the CRU in the morning of day 1, visit 2. Prior to placement of stimulating electrodes an international normalized ratio (INR) will be checked to ensure safe clotting. An anesthesiologist will place the electrodes in the lumbar/thoracic epidural space in a manner that is standard for the clinical placement of temporary electrodes in humans. The participants will then transfer to the clinical exercise laboratory to start the exercise protocol. Participants will rest 15 minutes prior to starting exercise. Exercise will take place on a vertical bike where they will perform a submaximal cycling exercise at 30% of peak work for 29 minutes. Thigh cuffs will be placed on thigh bilaterally and inflated intermittently to pressures of 80m mmHg. After the testing is complete, participants will return to their room in the Clinical Research Unit for the rest of the day and sty over night. On day two of visit two, participants will repeat the testing from day one with new randomization to determine reliability of testing performed on day one. After the exercise on day two of visit two, the spinal cord stimulator leads and radial arterial catheter will be removed.


7 patients




18 to 90 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria, includes:

  • Heart Failure patients with reduced ejection fraction:
  • History of ischemic or idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (duration > 1yr.) stable for > 3mo and New York Heart Association Class I-III
  • Not pacemaker dependent
  • Body Mass Index ≤35
  • Ejection Fraction < 40%
  • Current nonsmokers with < 15 pack year history
  • Able to exercise

Exclusion Criteria includes:

  • History of cardiopulmonary disorders and dangerous arrhythmias
  • Pregnant women
  • Taking prescribed opioid medications or have had a fusion or laminectomy at L3 or above
  • Patients with a recent drug-eluding stent
  • History of spinal stenosis, lumbar radiculopathy, or peripheral neuropathy
  • Must not currently be taking blood thinners or anticoagulant medications.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Basic Science



Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

7 participants in 1 patient group

Precision Spinal Cord Stimulator System
Experimental group
Intervention:the precision system will consist of a pulse generator that will not be implanted, temporary percutaneous leads lead extensions, each packaged as a separate kit.
Device: Precision Spinal Cord Stimulator System

Trial documents

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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