Strategy Training for People With Aphasia After Stroke

University of Pittsburgh logo

University of Pittsburgh

Status

Terminated

Conditions

Strategy Training

Treatments

Behavioral: Strategy Training

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT03593876
PRO18050075
R01HD074693 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)

Details and patient eligibility

About

One-third to one-half of acute strokes result in newly acquired cognitive impairments. Approximately 30 to 40% of people in the acute phase of stroke also sustain communication impairments. Stroke-related cognitive impairments are associated with significant functional disability, as indicated by the inability to regain independence in daily activities. The overall aim of this study is to examine the feasibility of an adapted form of strategy training for people with communication impairments who are admitted to inpatient rehabilitation. These analyses will address a critical gap in current rehabilitation research, namely the exclusion of people with communication impairments in acute stroke rehabilitation clinical trials, and provide pilot data to inform the design of future inclusive clinical trials seeking to reduce disability after stroke.

Full description

This pilot study will use a descriptive case series design with repeated measures to assess the feasibility of an adapted form of strategy training for people with communication impairments after acute stroke. The investigators will recruit people with aphasia due to stroke admitted to the inpatient rehabilitation units and administer the adapted form of strategy training one session per day 5 days per week for 10-15 sessions. The investigators will assess the feasibility of the intervention based on feedback from participants and therapists. These data will serve as pilot data to inform the design of a future clinical trials for people with cognitive impairments after stroke, including people with communication impairments. These efforts will allow the investigators to test new models to support optimal interventions for individuals with stroke-related cognitive impairments, including people with communication impairments who are among those most vulnerable for long-term disability.

Enrollment

16 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • primary diagnosis of acute stroke
  • admission to acute rehabilitation
  • mild to moderate aphasia but able to understand and express communication with verbal, written, and/or augmentative communication (score of 1 or 2 on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale item 9, or score 1 to 5 on the Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination Severity Scale)

Exclusion criteria

  • pre-stroke diagnosis of dementia
  • severe global aphasia (Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination Severity Scale score of 0)
  • dysarthria as the only communication impairment (score of 1 or 2 two on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale item 10, but score of 0 on item 9)
  • current major depressive disorder (unless treated and in partial remission), bipolar disorder, or any other psychotic disorder (indicated by PRIME-MD)severe global aphasia (Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination Severity Scale score of 0)

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

16 participants in 1 patient group

Strategy Training
Experimental group
Description:
Strategy training is a form of meta-cognitive instruction that trains individuals with stroke-related cognitive impairments to identify and prioritize problematic daily activities, identify the barriers impeding performance, generate and evaluate their own strategies to address barriers, and apply these skills through iterative practice.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Strategy Training

Trial documents
3

Trial contacts and locations

1

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems