Striving Towards EmPowerment and Medication Adherence (STEP-AD)

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University of Miami

Status

Completed

Conditions

HIV

Treatments

Behavioral: Experimental Intervention (STEP-AD)
Behavioral: Enhanced Treatment as Usual (E-TAU)

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT02764853
1K23MH108439 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
2016P001464 (Other Identifier)
20170281 (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility

About

Striving Towards Empowerment and Medication Adherence (STEP-AD) is a research study aimed at developing an intervention for Black women living with HIV to address psychosocial factors (i.e. abuse/trauma histories, racial discrimination, HIV stigma/discrimination, and prescribed traditional gender roles) that have been associated with medication nonadherence or poor HIV outcomes (e.g. viral load, CD4), but are unaddressed in existing interventions.

Full description

Among Black women with HIV in the U.S, generally low rates of adherence to ART are likely due to relevant psychosocial and contextual factors facing Black women with HIV, such as having a history of physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, post traumatic stress, racial discrimination, and contextual variables related to traditional gender roles; each of which are associated with worse HIV outcomes. Despite the need, there is currently no evidenced-based psychosocial intervention for Black women with HIV that addresses these contextual factors to improve adherence to HIV self-care. A psychosocial intervention including content on reducing the effects of trauma and discrimination and increasing resilient coping strategies and gender empowerment may be most culturally appropriate, and therefore effective, in improving quality of life and increasing treatment adherence in Black women living with HIV/AIDS. Striving Towards Empowerment and Medication Adherence (STEP-AD) is a research study aimed at developing an intervention for Black women living with HIV to address psychosocial factors (i.e. abuse/trauma histories, racial discrimination, HIV stigma/discrimination, and prescribed traditional gender roles) that have been associated with medication nonadherence or poor HIV outcomes (e.g. viral load, CD4), but are unaddressed in existing interventions. Individual, in-depth qualitative interviews (n=30) were conducted with Black women with HIV and community stakeholders to gather information on the perceived acceptability and to inform the development of a manualized intervention of an integrated treatment to improve ART adherence by addressing trauma symptoms, racial discrimination, HIV discrimination, and gender related stressors experienced by Black women with HIV. This information was used to develop the resulting intervention. An open pilot trial (n=5) of the resulting intervention was conducted (December 2015 through August 2016) in order to initially assess the feasibility of all study procedures and intervention delivery, acceptability, and a potential clinically significant improvement on ART adherence and hypothesized psychosocial mediators. A pilot randomized control trial (RCT) comparing the newly developed intervention (N=25) to an enhanced treatment as usual control (N=25) on ART adherence (primary outcome) and viral load (secondary outcome) over 6 months (baseline, 10 weekly treatment visits [approximately 3 months], and a 6 month follow-up) begun enrolling participants as of August 2016. Actual enrollment at baseline for all the phases are below. Please note that not all participants enrolled at baseline moved on to the relevant phase due the need to meet inclusion criteria. Formative qualitative phase: 30 Black women living with HIV, 15 community Stakeholders Open Pilot phase: 20 Black women living with HIV Pilot RCT: 119 Black women living with HIV Total: 184

Enrollment

184 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • HIV-positive
  • Identify as Black and/or African American
  • Age 18 or older
  • Biologically female
  • English speaking
  • Prescribed ART medication for at least the last two months
  • Low ART adherence (<80%) or detectable viral load within the past six months or
  • History of abuse/trauma (e.g. sexual, physical, and/or emotional abuse, experienced a traumatic event)
  • Capable of completing and fully understanding the informed consent process and the study procedures

Exclusion criteria

  • Significant mental health diagnosis requiring treatment (e.g., unstable bipolar disorder; any psychotic disorder)
  • Inability (e.g., due to cognitive or psychiatric difficulties) or unwillingness to provide informed consent
  • Recent (past 6 months) behavioral treatment for ART adherence or trauma

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

184 participants in 2 patient groups

STEP-AD (10 sessions)
Experimental group
Description:
Participants in this arm will receive the manualized 10 session behavioral medicine intervention titled "Striving Towards EmPowerment and Medication Adherence".
Treatment:
Behavioral: Experimental Intervention (STEP-AD)
Enhanced Treatment as Usual (E-TAU)
Active Comparator group
Description:
Participants in this arm will receive 1 session of Lifesteps and appropriate services and referrals as needed, followed by bi-weekly check-ins with a study research assistant.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Enhanced Treatment as Usual (E-TAU)

Trial contacts and locations

2

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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