Study of Efficacy and Safety of Dabrafenib in Combination With Trametinib in Pediatric Patients With BRAF V600 Mutation Positive LGG or Relapsed or Refractory HGG Tumors

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Novartis

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2

Conditions

Glioblastoma
Chordoid Glioma of Third Ventricle
Papillary Glioneuronal Tumor
Ganglioglioma
Pilocytic Astrocytoma
Extraventricular Neurocytoma
Gangliocytoma
Anaplastic Astrocytoma
Giant Cell Astrocytoma
Rosette-forming Glioneurona Tumor
Angiocentric Glioma
Anaplastic Ganglioglioma
Astrocytoma
Desmoplastic Infantile Astrocytoma and Ganglioglioma
Cerebellar Iponeurocytoma
Central Neurocytoma
Dysplastic Gangliocytoma of Cerebrellum
Oligodendroglioma, Childhood
Pleomorphic Xanthoastrocytoma
Diffuse Astrocytoma
Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma
Anaplastic Pleomorphic Xanthoastrocytoma

Treatments

Drug: Carboplatin
Drug: trametinib
Drug: Dabrafenib
Drug: Vincristine

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT02684058
2015-004015-20 (EudraCT Number)
CDRB436G2201

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study was to investigate the activity of dabrafenib in combination with trametinib in children and adolescent patients with BRAF V600 mutation positive low grade glioma (LGG) or relapsed or refractory high grade glioma (HGG)

Full description

This study combines two pediatric glioma cohorts (LGG and HGG cohorts) into a multi-center, open-label, Phase II study: The LGG cohort is a multi-center, randomized, open-label part of this Phase II study conducted in children and adolescent patients with BRAF V600 mutation-positive LGG whose tumor was unresectable and who required first systemic treatment. Participants in the LGG cohort were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to either dabrafenib plus trametinib or carboplatin with vincristine. The HGG cohort is a multi-center, single-arm, open-label part of this Phase II study conducted in children and adolescent patients with BRAF V600 mutation-positive, refractory or relapsed HGG tumors after having received at least one previous standard therapy. The duration of treatment for participants on dabrafenib plus trametinib in LGG and for all patients in the HGG cohort was continued until the loss of clinical benefit in the opinion of the Investigator, unacceptable toxicity, start of a new anti-neoplastic therapy, discontinuation at the discretion of the investigator or patient/legal guardian, lost to follow-up, death, study termination by the sponsor, or until disease progression. The duration of treatment for patients in the carboplatin with vincristine arm in LGG cohort was continued for the prescribed number of cycles, as tolerated or until unacceptable toxicity, start of a new anti-neoplastic therapy, discontinuation at the discretion of the investigator or patient/legal guardian, lost to follow-up, death, study is terminated by the sponsor or until disease progression. Participants randomized to the carboplatin with vincristine treatment arm were allowed to cross over to receive dabrafenib in combination with trametinib after centrally confirmed RANO-defined disease progression. Crossover was allowed during the treatment period or the post-treatment period. After discontinuation of study treatment, all participants (LGG and HGG cohorts) were followed for safety for at least 30 days after the last dose of study treatment. All participants who discontinued study treatment for reasons other than disease progression, death, loss to follow up, or withdrawal of consent moved into the post-treatment efficacy follow-up phase. Finally, all participants were followed for survival once they discontinued study treatment for at least 2 years after the last patient first study treatment (except if consent was withdrawn, death, or the patient was lost to follow-up or discontinued study)

Enrollment

151 patients

Sex

All

Ages

12 months to 17 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of BRAF V600 mutant High Grade glioma that had relapsed, progressed or failed to respond to frontline therapy
  • Diagnosis of BRAF V600 mutant Low Grade glioma with progressive disease following surgical excision, or non-surgical candidates with necessity to begin first systemic treatment because of a risk of neurological impairment with progression.
  • Confirmed measurable disease

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous treatment with dabrafenib, trametinib, other RAF inhibitor, other MEK or ERK inhibitor
  • HGG patient: Cancer treatment within the past 3 weeks. LGG patient: Any systemic therapy or radiotherapy prior to enrollment
  • LGG patients: history of allergic reaction or contraindications to the use of carboplatin or vincristine
  • Stem cell transplant within the past 3 months
  • History of heart disease
  • Pregnant or lactating females

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

151 participants in 3 patient groups

LGG cohort: dabrafenib and trametinib
Experimental group
Description:
Participants in the LGG cohort randomized to receive dabrafenib (orally, twice daily and dosed based on weight and age) in combination with trametinib (orally, once daily in combination with the first daily dose of dabrafenib and was dosed based on weight)
Treatment:
Drug: Dabrafenib
Drug: trametinib
LGG cohort: carboplatin and vincristine
Active Comparator group
Description:
Participants in the LGG cohort randomized to receive active comparator chemotherapy (carboplatin and vincristine). Participants received one course of induction (10 weeks of chemotherapy with 2 weeks of rest), followed by 8 cycles of maintenance chemotherapy.
Treatment:
Drug: Vincristine
Drug: Carboplatin
HGG cohort: dabrafenib and trametinib
Experimental group
Description:
Participants in the HGG cohort received dabrafenib (orally, twice daily and dosed based on weight and age) and trametinib (orally, once daily in combination with the first daily dose of dabrafenib and dosed based on weight)
Treatment:
Drug: Dabrafenib
Drug: trametinib

Trial documents
2

Trial contacts and locations

57

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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