Study of Neoantigen-specific Adoptive T Cell Therapy for Newly Diagnosed MGMT Negative Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM)


TVAX Biomedical

Status and phase

Phase 3
Phase 2


Glioblastoma Multiforme of Brain


Radiation: Radiotherapy
Procedure: Standard of Care
Biological: TVI-Brain-1
Drug: Temozolomide

Study type


Funder types

Other U.S. Federal agency



Details and patient eligibility


This randomized study is designed to compare the combination of TVI-Brain-1 immunotherapy and standard therapy compared to standard therapy alone as a treatment for newly diagnosed MGMT unmethylated glioblastoma patients. The patients' own cancer cells collected after surgery are combined into a vaccine to produce an immune response that significantly increases the number of cancer neoantigen-specific effector T cell precursors in the patient's body. These cancer neoantigen-specific T cells are harvested from the blood, subsequently stimulated and expanded, and infused back into the patient.

Full description

This randomized study is designed to compare the combination of TVI-Brain-1 immunotherapy and standard therapy compared to standard therapy alone as a treatment for newly diagnosed MGMT unmethylated glioblastoma patients. The general procedures include the collection and testing of cancer tissue samples after surgery and chemoradiation therapy (radiation and temozolomide). For the patients randomized into the investigational study treatment group, they will also receive two vaccinations created from their own cancer cells, undergo leukapheresis to collect immune T-cells from their blood, and transfer of those activated effector T-cells after chemoradiation therapy. All patients are followed with MRIs at follow-up visits.


120 estimated patients




18 to 80 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Newly diagnosed MGMT unmethylated glioblastoma multiforme (no prior treatment)
  • Sufficient cancer tissue obtained to allow for manufacture of autologous cancer cell vaccines
  • The attenuated autologous cancer cell product generated has satisfied the product release criteria as determined by the sponsor quality control department
  • Medical history, physical examination and laboratory testing performed within approximately 7 days before enrollment revealing kidney and liver organ function within normal limits
  • not currently receiving glucocorticoids and have been off glucocorticoids for at least 24 hours prior to vaccination as well as when they receive the T cell infusion.
  • Patient function assessment (Karnofsky score is > 60)
  • a life expectancy of > 12 weeks.
  • Hemoglobin is > 10 g/dL (may be transfused)
  • White blood cell count is > 3,000 cells/microliter (mcL) of blood.
  • Platelet count is > 100,000 platelets per mcL of blood (transfusion independent)
  • Lymphocyte count is > 1,000 cells/mcL of blood.

Exclusion criteria

  • another concomitant life-threatening disease (not including glioblastoma multiforme)
  • a second malignancy that is not in remission as determined by the clinical investigator. Exception: squamous or basal cell carcinoma of the skin.
  • requirement for treatment with glucocorticoids to control brain swelling
  • presence of active autoimmune disease that is currently being actively treated.
  • psychological, familial, sociological or geographical conditions that do not permit adequate medical follow-up and compliance with the study protocol.
  • Current pregnancy or a plan to become pregnant within 1-year following the study.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Single Blind

120 participants in 2 patient groups

Standard of Care
Active Comparator group
Subjects will have standard surgery which will be followed approximately 5 weeks later by combined radiotherapy and chemotherapy consisting of temozolomide 75 mg/m2 dosed once daily beginning on the first day of radiotherapy and continuing until the final day of radiotherapy. Subjects will receive adjuvant temozolomide, and proceed with post therapy surveillance.
Drug: Temozolomide
Procedure: Standard of Care
Radiation: Radiotherapy
Interventional TVI-Brain-1 Autologous Vaccine and activated autologous blood-derived t cells
Experimental group
TVI-Brain-1 immunotherapy is integrated with radiation and temozolomide in the test group in the following manner: 1) Subjects undergo surgical resection of their cancer and are tapered off steroids. 2) Subjects receive the first vaccination of TVI-Brain-1 as soon as the laboratory prepared vaccine is available for use (approximately 7 - 14 days following surgery). 3) Subjects receive a second vaccination 7-10 days later. 4) Subjects are leukapheresed to obtain immune T cells for ex vivo-activation. 5) Subjects' T cells are stored frozen until after chemoradiotherapy is completed. 6) Following chemoradiotherapy Subjects are infused with activated effector T cells followed by a 10-day course of low-dose interleukin 2 (IL-2). 7) Subjects then proceed with post therapy surveillance.
Drug: Temozolomide
Biological: TVI-Brain-1
Procedure: Standard of Care
Radiation: Radiotherapy

Trial documents

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Jean Aguiar; President and CEO

Data sourced from

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