Study of OGX-011 Given Prior to Radical Prostatectomy in Patients With Localized Prostate Cancer

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University of British Columbia

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 2

Conditions

Prostate Cancer

Treatments

Biological: OGX-011

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Other U.S. Federal agency

Identifiers

NCT00138918
R04-0092

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this trial is to assess the effects of combined therapy with androgen ablation and OGX-011 (an antisense to clusterin) given prior to radical prostatectomy on pathologic complete response rates in men with localized prostate cancer and high risk features.

Full description

Clusterin as an anti-apoptotic cytoprotective chaperone protein upregulated in an adaptive cell survival manner that confers resistance to various cell death triggers, including hormone-, radiation-, and chemotherapy. In pre-clinical models, inhibition of clusterin expression using the second generation antisense OGX-011 can enhance cell death following treatment with androgen ablation, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. In phase I clinical trials, OGX-011 has been well tolerated and a biologically effective dose has been identified in humans. Study Design This is an open-label, non-blinded, phase II clinical, tissue pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic study of weekly OGX-011 and neoadjuvant hormone therapy prior to radical prostatectomy in patients with localized prostate carcinoma and high-risk features. Study Objectives Primary Objectives To assess the effects of combined neoadjuvant hormone therapy (NHT) and OGX-011 prior to radical prostatectomy on pathologic complete response rates in men with high risk localized prostate cancer. Secondary Objectives To quantify changes in clusterin expression in residual prostate cancer after treatment with NHT and OGX-011. To measure levels of full length OGX-011 in prostate tissues after 3 months of NHT. To assess the safety and tolerability toxicity of 3 months of OGX-011 and NHT prior to radical prostatectomy. To measure evidence of OGX-011's effect on clusterin expression in patient peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC). To measure evidence of OGX-011's effect on patient clusterin serum levels. To assess the effects of combined NHT and OGX-011 on time to PSA nadir. To determine PSA recurrence rates after combined NHT and OGX-011. Key Eligibility Criteria Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate, previously untreated Potential candidate for radical prostatectomy Any one of the following criteria (minimum of 2 positive biopsies): Clinical stage T3 Serum PSA > 10 ng/ml Gleason score 7-10 Gleason score 6 and > 3 positive biopsies ECOG performance status 0-1 WBC ≥ 3.0 x 10^9/L Hemoglobin ≥ 100 g/L Platelets ≥ 100 x 10^9/L PTT, INR, AST, ALT, creatinine, total bilirubin within normal limits Treatment Plan Approximately 45 newly diagnosed, previously untreated patients with clinically localized, high-risk prostate carcinoma will be entered into this trial. These patients will receive neoadjuvant hormone therapy (buserelin 9.9 mg subcutaneously x 1 injection with flutamide 250 mg orally T.I.D. for the first 4 weeks only) for 12 weeks in combination with OGX-011 (a 2'MOE phosphorothioate clusterin antisense oligonucleotide) weekly on a 4 week cycle for 3 courses. For week one, cycle one only, OGX-011 will be given on Days 1, 3 and 5. OGX-011 is given at a dose of 640 mg by intravenous infusion over 2 hours. Radical prostatectomy will take place within 14 days of the last dose of OGX-011.

Enrollment

20 patients

Sex

Male

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate, previously untreated

  2. Males ≥ 18 years of age.

  3. Potential candidate for radical prostatectomy

  4. Any of the following (minimum of 2 positive biopsies):

    • Clinical stage T3
    • Serum PSA > 10 ng/ml
    • Gleason score 7-10
    • Gleason score 6 and > 3 positive biopsies
  5. ECOG performance status 0-1

  6. WBC ≥ 3.0 x 10^9/L

  7. Hemoglobin ≥ 100 g/L

  8. Platelets ≥ 100 x 10^9/L

  9. PTT, INR, AST, ALT, creatinine, total bilirubin within normal limits

  10. Patients must sign an informed consent that complies with US Regulations (US 21 Code of Federal Regulations [CFR]) and the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) Guideline for Good Clinical Practice (GCP) prior to undergoing treatment.

Exclusion criteria

  1. Prior hormone, radiation, or chemotherapy for prostate cancer
  2. Evidence of active infection
  3. Patients receiving therapeutic doses of warfarin or heparin
  4. Severe end organ disease
  5. Patients who otherwise would not be candidates for radical prostatectomy because of health or tumour factors
  6. Patients will be excluded if they had any prior malignancy unless the prior malignancy was diagnosed and definitively treated at least five years previously and there has never been any evidence of recurrence.
  7. Other serious illness, psychiatric, or medical condition that would not permit the patient to be managed according to the protocol.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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