Study of Olaparib Plus Pembrolizumab Versus Chemotherapy Plus Pembrolizumab After Induction With First-Line Chemotherapy Plus Pembrolizumab in Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) (MK-7339-009/KEYLYNK-009)

Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD) logo

Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD)

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 2

Conditions

Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms

Treatments

Drug: Gemcitabine
Biological: Pembrolizumab
Drug: Carboplatin
Drug: Olaparib

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT04191135
2019-001892-35 (EudraCT Number)
195082 (Registry Identifier)
7339-009
2022-500418-24-00 (Registry Identifier)
MK-7339-009 (Other Identifier)
KEYLYNK-009 (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of olaparib (MK-7339) plus pembrolizumab (MK-3475) with chemotherapy plus pembrolizumab after induction with first-line chemotherapy plus pembrolizumab in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). The primary hypotheses are: Olaparib plus pembrolizumab is superior to chemotherapy plus pembrolizumab with respect to progression-free survival (PFS). Olaparib plus pembrolizumab is superior to chemotherapy plus pembrolizumab with respect to overall survival (OS). As of Amendment 3, study enrollment was discontinued. Participants who were receiving benefit from the study intervention could continue treatment until criteria for discontinuation are met. Participants who are on study treatment or in follow-up phase will no longer have tumor response assessments by BICR.

Enrollment

462 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Induction Period:

  • Has locally recurrent inoperable TNBC that has not previously been treated with chemotherapy and that cannot be treated with curative intent OR has metastatic TNBC that has not been previously treated with chemotherapy
  • Has been treated with anthracycline and/or a taxane in the neoadjuvant/adjuvant setting, if they received systemic treatment in the neoadjuvant/adjuvant setting, unless anthracycline and/or taxane was contraindicated or not considered the best treatment option for the participant in the opinion of the treating physician
  • Has measurable disease based on RECIST 1.1
  • Has provided a recently obtained or archival (no more than 3 years old) core or excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion not previously irradiated
  • Has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 as assessed within 7 days prior to the start of induction study treatment
  • Has a life expectancy ≥27 weeks from the day of first study treatment
  • Demonstrate adequate organ function within 10 days prior to the start of study treatment
  • A male participant must agree to be abstinent or use contraception and refrain from donating sperm during the intervention period and for at least the time needed to eliminate each study intervention (95 days for olaparib and chemotherapy; no requirement for pembrolizumab)
  • A female participant must not be pregnant or breastfeeding and must agree to the following if is a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP): have a negative pregnancy test within 24 hours before the start of study treatment and agree to be abstinent or use contraception and refrain from donating eggs (ova, oocytes) during the intervention period and for at least the time needed to eliminate each study intervention (180 days for olaparib and chemotherapy; 120 days for pembrolizumab)

Post-induction Period:

  • Has received up to 6 cycles but not less than 4 cycles of induction therapy without permanently discontinuing from pembrolizumab or both carboplatin and gemcitabine
  • Has achieved complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or stable disease (SD) based on RECIST 1.1 by Blinded Independent Central Review (BICR) at the Week 18 evaluation
  • Is able to complete during post-induction at least the Cycle 1, Day 1 doses of olaparib and pembrolizumab or the Cycle 1, Day 1 doses of at least one of the chemotherapy agents being administered at the end of induction (carboplatin and/or gemcitabine) in addition to pembrolizumab
  • Has ECOG performance status of 0 or 1, as assessed within 7 days prior to the start of post-induction study treatment
  • Has no higher than Grade 1 toxicities related to induction therapy (excluding alopecia) prior to randomization

Exclusion criteria

Induction Period:

  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment within the past 5 years with the exception of basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in situ (eg, cervical cancer in situ) that have undergone potentially curative therapy
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior the first dose of study treatment
  • Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years
  • Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis
  • Has myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)/acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or has features suggestive of MDS/AML
  • Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis\interstitial lung disease that required steroids or current pneumonitis\interstitial lung disease
  • Has active, or a history of, interstitial lung disease
  • Has a known history of active tuberculosis
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
  • Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • Has a known history of Hepatitis B (defined as Hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or known active Hepatitis C virus (defined as HCV RNA [qualitative] is detected) infection
  • Has a history of class II-IV congestive heart failure or myocardial infarction within 6 months of first study treatment
  • Has neuropathy ≥Grade 2
  • Has not recovered (eg, to ≤Grade 1 or to baseline) from AEs due to a previously administered therapy
  • Has a known history of hypersensitivity or allergy to pembrolizumab, olaparib and any of its components, and/or to any of the study chemotherapies (eg, carboplatin or gemcitabine) and any of their components
  • Has severe hypersensitivity (≥Grade 3) to the study treatments and/or any of their excipients
  • Has a known psychiatric or substance abuse disorder that would interfere with the participant's ability to cooperate with the requirements of the study
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the Screening Visit through 180 days after the last dose of study treatment
  • Is a WOCBP who has a positive urine pregnancy test within 24 hours prior to randomization or treatment allocation
  • Has received prior therapy with either olaparib or any other poly adenosine diphosphate ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor
  • Has received prior radiotherapy within 2 weeks of start of study treatment
  • Has received colony-stimulating factors (eg, granulocyte colony stimulating factor [G-CSF], granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor [GM-CSF] or recombinant erythropoietin) within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment
  • Has had an allogenic tissue/solid organ transplant.
  • Has received previous allogenic bone marrow transplant or double umbilical cord transplantation (dUCBT)
  • Has had major surgery within 2 weeks of starting study treatment or has not recovered from any effects of any major surgery
  • Has received a live or live-attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to first study treatment
  • Is receiving any medication prohibited in combination with study chemotherapies unless medication was stopped within 7 days prior to first study treatment
  • Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent or with an agent directed to another co-inhibitory T cell receptor (such as cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 [CTLA-4], OX-40, CD137) or has previously participated in a study evaluating pembrolizumab regardless of treatment received
  • Is currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment
  • Has presence of uncontrolled, potentially reversible cardiac conditions, as judged by the investigator
  • Has a history or current evidence of any condition (eg, cytopenia, transfusion-dependent anemia, or thrombocytopenia), therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the participant's involvement for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of the participant to be involved, in the opinion of the treating investigator
  • Is either unable to swallow orally administered medication or has a gastrointestinal disorder affecting absorption (eg, gastrectomy, partial bowel obstruction, malabsorption)
  • Is unlikely to comply with the study procedures, restrictions, and requirements of the study; as judged by the investigator

Post-induction Period:

  • Has severe hypersensitivity (≥Grade 3) to the study treatments and/or any of their excipients
  • Has permanently discontinued from both carboplatin and gemcitabine during induction due to toxicity
  • Has permanently discontinued from pembrolizumab during induction due to toxicity
  • Has received less than 4 cycles of chemotherapy plus pembrolizumab during induction
  • Is currently receiving either strong or moderate inhibitors of cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A4 that cannot be discontinued for the duration of the study
  • Is currently receiving either strong or moderate inducers of CYP3A4 that cannot be discontinued for the duration of the study

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

462 participants in 2 patient groups

Pembrolizumab + Olaparib
Experimental group
Description:
This arm includes participants who randomized following completion of the induction period. After the induction period, participants received pembrolizumab 200 mg intravenously on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle plus olaparib 300 mg orally twice daily during the post-induction period.
Treatment:
Drug: Olaparib
Biological: Pembrolizumab
Pembrolizumab + Carboplatin + Gemcitabine
Experimental group
Description:
This arm includes participants who randomized following completion of the induction period. Participants continued to receive both carboplatin AUC 2 with gemcitabine 1000 mg/m^2 intravenously on Days 1 and 8 of each 21-day cycle in addition to pembrolizumab 200 mg intravenously on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle in the post-induction period.
Treatment:
Drug: Carboplatin
Biological: Pembrolizumab
Drug: Gemcitabine

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

122

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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