Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) or Placebo Given With Best Supportive Care in Asian Participants With Previously Treated Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma (MK-3475-394/KEYNOTE-394)

Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD) logo

Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD)

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 3

Conditions

Carcinoma, Hepatocellular

Treatments

Other: best supportive care (BSC)
Drug: placebo
Biological: pembrolizumab

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT03062358
MK-3475-394 (Other Identifier)
3475-394

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab or placebo given with best supportive care (BSC) in Asian participants with previously systemically treated advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The primary hypothesis of this study is that overall survival is prolonged in participants who receive pembrolizumab compared to those who receive placebo.

Enrollment

453 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Has a HCC diagnosis confirmed by radiology, histology, or cytology (fibrolamellar, and mixed hepatocellular/cholangiocarcinoma subtypes are not eligible)
  • Has Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) Stage C disease or BCLC Stage B disease not amenable to locoregional therapy or refractory to locoregional therapy and not amenable to a curative treatment approach.
  • Has a Child-Pugh A liver score within 7 days prior to first dose of study medication
  • Has a life expectancy of >3 months
  • Has at least one measurable lesion based on RECIST version 1.1 as determined by investigator.
  • Has Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 performed within 7 days prior to receiving the first dose of study medication.
  • Has documented objective radiographic progression during or after treatment with sorafenib or oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy, or else intolerance to sorafenib or oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy
  • Female participants of childbearing potential must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study therapy
  • Female and male participants of reproductive potential must agree to use adequate contraception starting from the first dose of study medication, throughout the study period, and for up to 120 days after the last dose of study medication

Exclusion criteria

  • Is currently participating or has participated in a study with an investigational agent or using an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of study medication
  • Has received sorafenib or oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy within 14 days of first dose of study medication
  • Has had esophageal or gastric variceal bleeding within the last 6 months
  • Has clinically apparent ascites on physical examination
  • Has portal vein invasion at the main portal branch (Vp4), inferior vena cava, or cardiac involvement of HCC based on imaging
  • Has had clinically diagnosed hepatic encephalopathy in the last 6 months
  • Has had a solid organ or hematologic transplant
  • Has had prior systemic therapy for HCC in the advanced (incurable) setting other than sorafenib or oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy, prior to start of study medication
  • Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years. Replacement therapy is not considered a form of systemic treatment.
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of study medication
  • Has received locoregional therapy to liver (transcatheter chemoembolization [TACE], transcatheter embolization [TAE], hepatic arterial infusion [HAI], radiation, radioembolization, or ablation) within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study medication
  • Has had major surgery to liver or other site within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study medication
  • Has had a minor surgery ≤7 days prior to the first dose of study medication
  • Has not recovered adequately (i.e., Grade ≤1 or baseline) from the toxicity and/or complications from any intervention prior to study start
  • Has a diagnosed additional malignancy within 3 years prior to first dose of study medication with the exception of curatively treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin and/or curatively resected in situ cancers
  • Has a known history of, or any evidence of, central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis
  • Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or current pneumonitis
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
  • Is pregnant or breast feeding or expecting to conceive or father starting from the first dose of study medication, throughout the study period, and for up to 120 days after the last dose of study medication
  • Has received prior immunotherapy with an anti-Programmed Cell Death Receptor 1 (PD-1), Programmed Cell Death Receptor Ligand 1 (anti-PD-L1), or anti-Programmed Cell Death Receptor Ligand 2 (PD-L2) or has previously participated in clinical studies with pembrolizumab
  • Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Has untreated active Hepatitis B
  • Has Hepatitis C in which participants received therapy for HCV <4 weeks prior to receiving pembrolizumab
  • Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study therapy

Trial design

453 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

pembrolizumab + BSC
Experimental group
Description:
Participants receive pembrolizumab by intravenous (IV) infusion on Day 1 of each 3-week cycle for up to 35 cycles of treatment plus BSC.
Treatment:
Biological: pembrolizumab
Other: best supportive care (BSC)
placebo + BSC
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Participants receive placebo by intravenous (IV) infusion on Day 1 of each 3-week cycle for up to 35 cycles of treatment plus BSC.
Treatment:
Drug: placebo
Other: best supportive care (BSC)

Trial documents
2

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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