Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Chemotherapy Versus Placebo Plus Chemotherapy in Participants With Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction (GEJ) Adenocarcinoma (MK-3475-585/KEYNOTE-585)

Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD) logo

Merck Sharp & Dohme (MSD)

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 3

Conditions

Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer
Gastric Cancer

Treatments

Drug: Capecitabine
Drug: Oxaliplatin
Drug: Cisplatin
Biological: Pembrolizumab
Drug: Docetaxel
Drug: 5-fluorouracil
Drug: Leucovorin
Drug: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT03221426
PHRR200226-002534 (Registry Identifier)
KEYNOTE-585 (Other Identifier)
3475-585
173786 (Registry Identifier)
2016-004408-76 (EudraCT Number)
MK-3475-585 (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of pembrolizumab (MK-3745) in the neoadjuvant (prior to surgery) or adjuvant (after surgery) treatment of previously untreated adults with gastric and gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma. The primary study hypotheses are that: Neoadjuvant and adjuvant pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy, followed by adjuvant pembrolizumab is superior to neoadjuvant and adjuvant placebo plus chemotherapy, followed by adjuvant placebo in terms of Event-free Survival (EFS) based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1), and Neoadjuvant pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy is superior to neoadjuvant placebo plus chemotherapy in terms of rate of Pathological Complete Response (pathCR) at the time of surgery. With Amendment 10, upon study completion, participants will be discontinued and may be enrolled in an extension study.

Enrollment

1,007 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Has previously untreated localized gastric or GEJ adenocarcinoma as defined by T3 or greater primary lesion or the presence of any positive nodes - N+ (clinical nodes) without evidence of metastatic disease.
  • Plans to proceed to surgery following pre-operative chemotherapy based on standard staging studies per local practice.
  • Is willing to provide tissue from a tumor lesion at baseline and at time of surgery.
  • Has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of 0 to 1 within 3 days prior to the first dose of study treatment.
  • Has adequate organ function.
  • Male participants of childbearing potential must agree to use an adequate method of contraception for the course of the study through 180 days after the last dose of chemotherapy.
  • Female participants of childbearing potential must be willing to use an adequate method of contraception for the course of the study through 180 days after the last dose of chemotherapy or through 120 days after the last dose of pembrolizumab, whichever is greater.
  • Has life expectancy of greater than 6 months.

Exclusion criteria

  • Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current pneumonitis.
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  • Is currently participating in or has participated in a trial of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment.
  • Has received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death protein-1 (anti-PD-1), anti-programmed cell death-ligand 1 (anti-PD-L1), or anti-PD-L2 agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (i.e., cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 [CTLA-4], tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 4 [OX-40], necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 9 [CD137]) or has previously participated in a Merck pembrolizumab (MK-3475) clinical trial.
  • Has received prior systemic anti-cancer therapy including investigational agents for the current malignancy.
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 14 days prior the first dose of study treatment.
  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment within the past 5 years. Note: Participants with basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in situ that have undergone potentially curative therapy are not excluded.
  • Has a known severe hypersensitivity (≥ Grade 3) to pembrolizumab, its active substance and/or any of its excipients, or to any of the study chemotherapy agents and/or to any of their excipients.
  • Has an active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years.
  • Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
  • Has a known history of Hepatitis B or known active Hepatitis C virus infection.
  • Has a known history of active tuberculosis (TB).
  • Female participants who are pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through180 days after the last dose of chemotherapy or through 120 days after the last dose of pembrolizumab, whichever is greater.
  • Male participants who are expecting to father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 180 days after the last dose of chemotherapy.
  • Has had an allogenic tissue/solid organ transplant.
  • Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study treatment.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

1,007 participants in 4 patient groups, including a placebo group

Pembrolizumab+Chemotherapy
Experimental group
Description:
Neoadjuvant: Prior to surgery, participants receive 3 cycles of pembrolizumab 200 mg via intravenous (IV) infusion on Day 1 of each 3-week cycle (Q3W) PLUS cisplatin 80 mg/m^2 via IV infusion on Day 1 Q3W and capecitabine 1000 mg/m^2 via oral tablets twice each day (BID) on Days 1 to 14 of each 3-week cycle OR cisplatin 80 mg/m^2 via IV infusion on Day 1 Q3W and 5-fluorouracil (5FU) 800 mg/m^2 via continuous IV infusion on Days 1 to 5 of each 3-week cycle. Adjuvant: 4 to 10 weeks post-surgery, participants receive 3 cycles of pembrolizumab 200 mg via IV infusion on Day 1 Q3W PLUS cisplatin 80 mg/m^2 via IV infusion on Day 1 Q3W and capecitabine 1000 mg/m^2 via oral tablets BID on Days 1 to 14 of each 3-week cycle OR cisplatin 80 mg/m^2 via IV infusion on Day 1 Q3W and 5FU 800 mg/m^2 via continuous IV infusion on Days 1 to 5 of each 3-week cycle, followed by pembrolizumab monotherapy 200 mg via IV infusion on Day 1 Q3W for up to 11 additional cycles.
Treatment:
Drug: 5-fluorouracil
Biological: Pembrolizumab
Drug: Cisplatin
Drug: Capecitabine
Placebo+Chemotherapy
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Neoadjuvant: Prior to surgery, participants receive 3 cycles of placebo (normal saline solution) via IV infusion on Day 1 Q3W PLUS cisplatin 80 mg/m^2 via IV infusion on Day 1 Q3W and capecitabine 1000 mg/m^2 via oral tablets BID on Days 1 to 14 of each 3-week cycle OR cisplatin 80 mg/m^2 via IV infusion on Day 1 Q3W and 5FU 800 mg/m^2 via continuous IV infusion on Days 1 to 5 of each 3-week cycle. Adjuvant: 4 to 10 weeks post-surgery, participants receive 3 cycles of placebo via IV infusion on Day 1 Q3W PLUS cisplatin 80 mg/m^2 via IV infusion on Day 1 Q3W and capecitabine 1000 mg/m^2 via oral tablets BID on Days 1 to 14 of each 3-week cycle OR cisplatin 80 mg/m^2 via IV infusion on Day 1 Q3W and 5FU 800 mg/m^2 via continuous IV infusion on Days 1 to 5 of each 3-week cycle, followed by placebo monotherapy via IV infusion on Day 1 Q3W for up to 11 additional cycles.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Drug: 5-fluorouracil
Drug: Cisplatin
Drug: Capecitabine
Pembrolizumab+FLOT Cohort
Experimental group
Description:
FLOT=docetaxel+oxaliplatin+5FU+leucovorin (calcium folinate). Neoadjuvant: Prior to surgery, participants receive 3 cycles of pembrolizumab 200 mg via IV infusion on Day 1 Q3W PLUS docetaxel 50 mg/m^2 via IV infusion, oxaliplatin 85 mg/m^2 via IV infusion, 5FU 2600 mg/m^2 via IV infusion, and leucovorin (calcium folinate) 200 mg/m^2 via IV infusion Q2W (on Days 1 and 15 of Cycle 1; Day 8 of Cycle 2, and Day 1 of Cycle 3, for 4 administrations). Adjuvant: 4 to 10 weeks postsurgery, participants receive 3 cycles of pembrolizumab 200 mg via IV infusion Day 1 Q3W PLUS docetaxel 50 mg/m^2, oxaliplatin 85 mg/m^2, 5FU 2600 mg/m^2, and leucovorin 200 mg/m^2 Q2W (on Days 1 and 15 of Cycle 1; Day 8 of Cycle 2, and Day 1 of Cycle 3, for 4 administrations), followed by pembrolizumab monotherapy 200 mg via IV infusion on Day 1 Q3W for up to 11 additional cycles.
Treatment:
Drug: Leucovorin
Drug: Docetaxel
Drug: 5-fluorouracil
Biological: Pembrolizumab
Drug: Oxaliplatin
Placebo+FLOT Cohort
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Neoadjuvant: Prior to surgery, participants receive 3 cycles of placebo (normal saline solution) via IV infusion on Day 1 Q3W PLUS docetaxel 50 mg/m^2 via IV infusion, oxaliplatin 85 mg/m^2 via IV infusion, 5FU 2600 mg/m^2 via IV infusion, and leucovorin 200 mg/m^2 via IV infusion Q2W (on Days 1 and 15 of Cycle 1; Day 8 of Cycle 2, and Day 1 of Cycle 3, for 4 administrations). Adjuvant: 4 to 10 weeks postsurgery, participants receive 3 cycles of placebo via IV infusion on Day 1 Q3W PLUS docetaxel 50 mg/m^2 via IV infusion, oxaliplatin 85 mg/m^2 via IV infusion, 5FU 2600 mg/m^2 via IV infusion, and leucovorin 200 mg/m^2 via IV infusion Q2W (on Days 1 and 15 of Cycle 1; Day 8 of Cycle 2, and Day 1 of Cycle 3, for 4 administrations), followed by placebo monotherapy via IV infusion on Day 1 Q3W for up to 11 additional cycles.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Drug: Leucovorin
Drug: Docetaxel
Drug: 5-fluorouracil
Drug: Oxaliplatin

Trial contacts and locations

171

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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