Study of Personalized Tumor Vaccines (PCVs) and a PD-L1 Blocker in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer That Can be Treated With Surgery

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) logo

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK)

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 1


Pancreatic Cancer


Biological: RO7198457
Drug: Atezolizumab

Study type


Funder types



Details and patient eligibility


The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety or treating pancreatic cancer with surgery to remove cancerour tissue, followed by atezolizumab, followed by a personalized cancer vaccine (PCV), and then with chemotherapy.


29 patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Subjects must be >/= 18 years of age at time of informed consent

  • Able to comply with the study protocol, in the investigator's judgment

  • Subjective with radiographically resectable primary pancreatic tumors with radiographic features consistent with adenocarcinoma will be evaluated for surgical resection

  • Tumors must be radiographically resectable, defined as:

    • A clear fat plane around the celiac and superior mesenteric arteries
    • patent superior mesenteric and portal veins without primary tumor involvement
    • No encasement of the superior mesenteric vein or portal veins
    • No encasement of the superior mesenteric or hepatic arteries
    • No metastatic disease
    • No extra-regional nodal disease
  • Subjects with histologically confirmed resected ductal pancreatic adenocarcinoma with macroscopic complete resection (R0 and R1) will be selected for neoantigen vaccine creation. Subjects with neuroendocrine (and mixed type) tumors are excluded

  • Pancreatic cancer surgical staging: T 1-3, N0-2, M0

    ° Per AJCC 8th edition staging

  • Performance status of 0 or 1 on Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Scale of Performance Status (Section 20.0 APPENDICES, Appendix1)

  • Subjects must not have had prior chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or immunotherapy for PDAC

  • Subjects must be able to read, understand, and sign informed consent

  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 14 days prior to study initiation

  • For women of childbearing potential: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use contraceptive measures that result in a failure rate of less than (<) 1% per year during the treatment period and for at least 5 months after the last dose of atezolizumab and for at least 90 days after the last dose of RO7198457. A woman is considered to be of childbearing potential if she is postmenarcheal, has not reached a postmenopausal state (>/= 12 continuous months of amenorrhea with no identified cause other than menopause), and has not undergone surgical sterilization (removal of ovaries and/or uterus)

  • For men: agreement to remain abstinent (refrain from heterosexual intercourse) or use a condom during the entire study period and up to 90 days after last administration of RO7198457. Male participants should not donate sperm for 90 days after the last dose of RO7198457

  • Examples of contraceptive methods with a failure rate of <1% per year include bilateral tubal ligation, male sterilization and established proper use of hormonal contraceptives that inhibit ovulation, hormone-releasing intrauterine devices and copper intrauterine devices

  • Hormonal contraceptive methods must be supplemented by a barrier method plus spermicide

  • The reliability of sexual abstinence should be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient. Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, or postovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception

Exclusion criteria

A subject will not be eligible for inclusion in this study if any of the following criteria apply:

  • Prior neoadjuvant treatment or radiation therapy for PDAC

  • Prior therapy with uPD-1 antibody or any other immune therapy

  • Borderline resectable, locally unresectable or metastatic PDAC

  • Pancreas tumor histology other than PDAC

  • Pregnancy, breastfeeding, or intending to become pregnant during the study or within 90 days after the last dose of study treatment

  • Life expectancy less than 12 weeks

  • Inability to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures

  • Any other malignancy for which the patient is undergoing active treatment which will be concurrent with the investigational agent in this study.

  • Patients with unresolved Clavien-Dindo >/= Grade 3 (Section 20.0 APPENDICES ,Appendix 2) postoperative complications

  • Actie, uncontrolled bacterial, viral, or fungal infection(s) requiring systemic therapy, defined as ongoing signs/symptoms related to the infection without improvement despite appropriate antibiotics, antiviral therapy, and/or other treatment

  • Active tuberculosis

  • Known infection with hepatitis B or C, or history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or subjects receiving immunosuppressive or myelosuppressive medications that would, in the opinion of the investigator, increase the risk of serious neutropenic complications

  • Known hypersensitivity or allergy to the active substance or to any of the excipients of RO7198457, atezolizumab, oxaliplatin, leucovorin, irinotecan, or fluorouracil

  • Serious medical risk factors involving any of the major organ systems, or serious psychiatric disorders, which could compromise the subject's safety or the study data integrity. These include, but are not limited to:

    • History of connective tissue disorders (e.g., lupus, scleroderma, arteritis nodosa)
    • History of interstitial lung disease, slowly progressive dyspnea and unproductive cough, sarcoidosis, silicosis, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary hypersensitivity pneumonitis, or multiple allergies
    • History of the following within 6 months prior to RO7198457 administration: a myocardial infarction, severe/unstable angina pectoris, coronary/peripheral artery bypass graft, New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III-IV heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, clinically significant cardiac dysthythmia, or electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormality (exceptions: atrial fibrillation, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia), cerebrovascular accident, transient ischemic attack,, or seizure disorder
  • History or autoimmune disease, including but not limited to systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis associated with antiphospholipid syndrome Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjogren's syndrome, Bell's palsy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, multiple sclerosis, vasculitis, or glomerulonephritis with the following caveats:

    • Patients with a history of autoimmune hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid replacement hormone may be eligible
    • Patient with controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus on a stable insulin regimen may be eligible
  • Patients type 2 diabetes mellitus may be eligible

    ° Patients with eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus, or vitiligo with dermatologic manifestations only (e.g., no psoriatic arthritis) may be eligible provided that they meet the following conditions:

  • Rash must cover less than 10% of the body surface area (BSA)

  • Disease is well controlled at baseline and only requires low potency topical steroids

  • No acute exacerbations of underlying condition within the last 12 months (e.g., not requiring psorlen and ultraviolet A (PUVA) radiation, methotrexate retinoids, biologic agents, oral calcineurin inhibitors, high potency, or oral steroids)

  • Treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medication (including but not limited to prednisone >10mg/day, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and TNF-x antagonists) within 2 weeks prior to RO7198457 administration. Patients who have received acute, low-dose, systemic immunosuppressant medication (e.g., a one-time dose of dexamethasone for nausea) may be enrolled in the study after discussion with and approval by the PI and Co-PI. The use of inhaled corticosteroids (e.g., fluticasone for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is allowed. The use of oral mineralocorticoids (e.g., flurocortisone for patients with orthostatic hypotension) is allowed. Physiologic doses of corticosteroids for adrenal insufficiency are allowed.

  • Subjects with allergies to IV contrast agents requiring pretreatment with corticosteroids will be excluded. Corticosteroids are immunosuppressive and may interfere with RO7198457 tolerability and efficacy. Given that there are serial contrast agent-dependent follow-up imaging studies built into the study which will overlap with vaccination, subjects who require pretreatment with corticosteroids prior to IV contrast administration will be excluded

  • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonitis (including drug induced), organizing pneumonia (i.e., bronchioloitis obliterans, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, etc.), or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest CT scan. History of radiation pneumonitis in the radiation field (fibrosis) is permitted

  • Known primary immunodeficiencies, either cellular (e.g., DiGeorge syndrome, T-negative severe combined immunodeficiency [SCID]) or combined T- and B-cell immunodeficiencies (e.g., T- and B-negative SCID, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, ataxia telangiectasia, common variable immunodeficiency)

  • Prior allogeneic bone marrow transplantation or prior solid organ transplantation

  • Any other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that would contraindicate the use of an investigational drug

  • Known clinically significant liver disease, including active viral, alcoholic, or other hepatitis, cirrhosis, and inherited liver disease or current alcohol abuse

  • Previous splenectomy

  • Administration of a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks before RO7198457 administration or anticipation that such a live attenuated vaccine will be required during the study. Influenza vaccination should be given during influenza season only. Patients must not receive live, attenuated influenza vaccine (e.g., FluMist) within 4 weeks prior to RO7198457 administration or at any time during the study, and for 90 days following the last study treatment

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

29 participants in 1 patient group

Pancreatic Cancer
Experimental group
Radiologically resectable primary pancreatic tumors
Drug: Atezolizumab
Biological: RO7198457

Trial contacts and locations



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