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Study of Self or Clinic Administration of DepoProvera

C

Carolyn L. Westhoff

Status

Completed

Conditions

Contraception

Treatments

Drug: Medroxyprogesterone 17-Acetate

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT01019369
AAAD8306

Details and patient eligibility

About

Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DepoProvera) is an acceptable form of contraception for many women. However, difficulty in access may cause many women to discontinue use, often without the use of another effective method of contraception, thereby leaving them vulnerable to unintended pregnancy. This study will randomly assign women who present for contraceptive services to two groups: self or clinic administered SC DMPA. The participants will be followed for one year to compare continuation rates, acceptability, cost effectiveness, evidence of skin changes, and need for continued support between the two groups.

Full description

Unintended pregnancy remains a worldwide problem in both developed and developing countries. In 2001, 49% of pregnancies in the United States were unintended. Moreover, more than 6 million women annually are at high risk of becoming unintentionally pregnant because of a gap in contraceptive use, and disadvantaged women are more likely to have more difficulty than others with continuous method use. Multiple strategies have been explored and implemented to increase the effective usage of contraception, including promoting the use of longer acting reversible contraceptives.

Difficulty in access to depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) remains a problem. With the advent of a subcutaneous formulation of DMPA, administration outside of the clinical setting is possible. The acceptability of self administered DMPA has also been reviewed, with favorable outcomes; however, the actual intervention has not been studied.

This study will recruit women presenting for abortion or contraceptive services at the Columbia University and New York Presbyterian affiliated Family Planning Clinic and Special Gynecology Services who desire DMPA for contraception. Women will be randomized to two groups: self administration of SC DMPA or clinic administration of SC DMPA. The primary objective of this study is to compare the continuation rates of SC DMPA between the self and clinic administration groups at 6 months. Secondary outcomes include participant satisfaction, cost effectiveness of self-injected use of DMPA, baseline predictors of method continuation or discontinuation, evidence of persistent skin changes following administration of SC DMPA, and need for continued clinical support.

Enrollment

132 patients

Sex

Female

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. age greater than or equal to 18 years
  2. seeking DMPA for contraception
  3. English or Spanish speaking
  4. consistent access to a working telephone
  5. availability for follow up for one year

Exclusion criteria

  1. suspected or continuing pregnancy
  2. undiagnosed vaginal bleeding
  3. known or suspected breast cancer
  4. acute liver disease
  5. known hypersensitivity to medroxyprogesterone acetate or any other components of DMPA
  6. desire for pregnancy within one year

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

132 participants in 2 patient groups

Self Administration of DMPA
Experimental group
Description:
Self administration of subcutaneous depot medroxyprogesterone acetate
Treatment:
Drug: Medroxyprogesterone 17-Acetate
Clinic administration of DMPA
Active Comparator group
Description:
Clinic administration (routine care) of DMPA
Treatment:
Drug: Medroxyprogesterone 17-Acetate

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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