Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Stribild Versus Atripla in Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Type 1 (HIV-1) Infected, Antiretroviral Treatment-Naive Adults

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Gilead Sciences

Status and phase

Phase 2


HIV Infections


Drug: Atripla
Drug: Stribild

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


The objective of this double-blinded, multicenter, randomized, active-controlled study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Stribild, a single-tablet regimen (STR) containing fixed doses of elvitegravir (EVG)/GS-9350 (cobicistat; COBI)/emtricitabine (FTC)/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) versus efavirenz (EFV)/FTC/TDF (Atripla) in HIV-1 infected, antiretroviral treatment-naive adult participants. Stribild offers an alternative STR for patients who are not candidates for non-nucleoside reverse transcriptor (NNRTI)-based STRs. Participants will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive Stribild or Atripla. Randomization will be stratified by HIV-1 RNA level (≤ 100,000 copies/mL or \> 100,000 copies/mL) at screening. After Week 48, participants will continue to take their blinded study drug and attend visits every 12 weeks until treatment assignments are unblinded (Week 60), at which point all participants will attend an Unblinding Visit and be given the option to participate in an open-label rollover extension (the extension is scheduled to be open until Stribild becomes commercially available, or until Gilead Sciences elects to terminate the study).


71 patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Plasma HIV-1 RNA levels ≥ 5,000 copies/mL
  • No prior use of any approved or experimental anti-HIV drug
  • Normal electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Adequate renal function: estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥ 80 mL/min according to the Cockcroft-Gault formula
  • Hepatic transaminases ≤ 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL, or normal direct bilirubin
  • Adequate hematologic function
  • Cluster determinant 4 (CD4) cell count > 50 cells/µL
  • Serum amylase ≤ 1.5 x ULN
  • Normal thyroid-stimulating hormone
  • Negative serum pregnancy test (for females of childbearing potential only)
  • Males and females of childbearing potential must agree to utilize highly effective contraception methods from screening throughout the duration of study treatment and for 12 weeks following the last dose of study drugs
  • Life expectancy ≥ 1 year
  • Ability to understand and sign a written informed consent form

Exclusion criteria

  • New acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining condition diagnosed within the 30 days prior to screening
  • Documented drug resistance to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors or nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors or primary protease inhibitor resistance mutation(s)
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen positive
  • Hepatitis C antibody positive
  • Participants experiencing cirrhosis
  • Participants experiencing ascites
  • Participants experiencing encephalopathy
  • Females who are breastfeeding
  • Positive serum pregnancy test (for females of childbearing potential)
  • Vaccinated within 90 days of study dosing
  • History or family history of Long QT Syndrome or family history of sudden cardiac death or unexplained death in an otherwise healthy individual under the age of 30
  • Presence or history of cardiovascular disease, cardiomyopathy, and/or cardiac conduction abnormalities
  • Prolonged QTcF interval at screening
  • PR interval ≥ 200 msec or ≤ 120 msec on ECG at screening
  • QRS ≥ 120 msec on ECG at screening
  • Implanted defibrillator or pacemaker
  • Participants receiving ongoing therapy with any disallowed medications
  • Current alcohol or substance use judged to potentially interfere with participant study compliance
  • History of or ongoing malignancy (including untreated carcinoma in situ) other than cutaneous Kaposi's sarcoma, basal cell carcinoma, or resected, noninvasive cutaneous squamous carcinoma
  • Active, serious infections (other than HIV-1 infection) requiring parenteral antibiotic or antifungal therapy within 30 days prior to baseline
  • Participation in any other clinical trial without prior approval
  • Medications contraindicated for use with EFV, EVG, COBI, FTC, or TDF
  • Any known allergies to the excipients of Atripla or Stribild tablets
  • Any other clinical condition or prior therapy that would make the participant unsuitable for the study or unable to comply with the dosing requirements

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Quadruple Blind

71 participants in 2 patient groups

Experimental group
Drug: Stribild
Active Comparator group
Drug: Atripla

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from

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