Study of The Second-line Treatment of Advanced Gastric / Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma With Envafolimab and Lenvatinib Combined With Paclitaxel-albumin

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Fudan University

Status and phase

Invitation-only
Phase 2

Conditions

Gastric / Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma

Treatments

Drug: envafolimab and lenvatinib combined with paclitaxel-albumin

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06030934
SMA-GC-002

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study is an open, exploratory clinical study. Eligible patients with advanced second-line gastric/gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma signed an informed consent form, were screened for enrollment, and were entered into Group A (non-immune retreatment group-patients who had failed previous first-line treatment with standard chemotherapy) and Group B (immune retreatment-patients who had obtained SD and above with best efficacy of previous first-line treatment with PD-1 antibody) based on whether they had received previous first-line treatment with PD-1 antibody. All patients received a combination of envafolimab and lenvatinib in combination with paclitaxel-albumin and were treated until disease progression, withdrawal of informed consent by the subject, loss to follow-up, and death, where treatment did not exceed 2 years. Clinical oncologic imaging assessments were performed using iRECIST every 8 weeks during treatment; safety assessments were performed using CTCAE 5.0, and adverse events were recorded throughout the study up to 30 days after the end of treatment.

Enrollment

30 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 80 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Signed written informed consent prior to enrollment.
  • Age 18-80 years.
  • Negative for HER2
  • Diagnosis confirmed by histological examination and/or cytological examination combined with imaging assessment of advanced metastatic gastric/gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma.
  • Failure of previous first-line therapy. Group A (non-immune retreatment): patients who have failed prior chemotherapy with first-line standard therapy. Group B (immune retreatment): patients who received previous first-line PD-1 antibody therapy with optimal efficacy SD and on.
  • ECOG score: 0 to 1.
  • At least one measurable lesion (≥10 mm long diameter on CT scan for non-lymph node lesions and ≥15 mm short diameter on CT scan for lymph node lesions according to iRECIST criteria).

Adequate organ function with.

  • Routine blood: Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) 1.5 × 109/L, Platelets (Platelet, PLT) ≥ 70 × 109/L, Hemoglobin (HGB) ≥ 90 g/L.
  • Liver function: Total Bilirubin (TBIL) ≤ 1.5 × Upper Limit of Normal Value (ULN); Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) and Aspartate Transferase (AST) ≤3×ULN; serum albumin ≥28 g/L; Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) ≤5×ULN; after conventional hepatoprotective treatment meeting the above criteria, and can be stable for at least 1 week after evaluation by the investigator can be enrolled.
  • Renal function: Creatinine (Cr) ≤ 1.5 × ULN, or creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/mi (applying the standard Cockcroft-Gault formula).
  • Coagulation function: International Normalized Ratio (INR) ≤ 1.5 /PT ≤ 1.5 × ULN, aPTT ≤ 1.5 × ULN; if the subject is receiving anticoagulation therapy, as long as PT and INR are within the range drawn up by anticoagulant drugs.
  • A predicted survival of ≥ 3 months.
  • Female patients must be non-pregnant and non-lactating and are required to use a medically approved form of contraception (e.g., IUD, pill or condom) during study treatment and for at least 120 days after study completion, and are not allowed to donate eggs to another person or freeze them for fertilization and propagation during this period.

Exclusion criteria

  • Symptomatic brain metastases.
  • Known MSI-H/dMMR.
  • A prior history of a primary tumor outside of the gastric/gastroesophageal junction
  • Active autoimmune disease or autoimmune disease with potential for recurrence such as, but not limited to: autoimmune hepatitis, interstitial pneumonia, uveitis, enterocolitis, hepatitis, pituitary inflammation, vasculitis, nephritis, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, previous thyroid surgery cannot be included; subjects with vitiligo or complete remission of asthma in childhood and adult who do not require any intervention afterwards can be included; subjects with asthma requiring medical intervention with bronchodilators cannot be included.

Subjects with any severe and/or uncontrolled disease. including.

  • Poorly controlled blood pressure (systolic blood pressure ≥ 150 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 100 mmHg); poorly controlled diabetes (fasting blood glucose [FBG] > 10 mmol/L)
  • Having ≥ grade 2 myocardial ischemia or myocardial infarction, arrhythmia (QTc ≥ 470ms) and ≥ grade 2 congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] classification)
  • Active or uncontrolled severe infection (≥ CTCAE grade 2 infection) requiring systemic antibacterial, antifungal or antiviral therapy, including tuberculosis infection
  • Active hepatitis (transaminases do not meet the inclusion criteria, hepatitis B reference: HBV DNA ≥ 2000 IU/ml or ≥ 104 copies/ml; hepatitis C reference: HCV RNA ≥ 2000 IU/ml or ≥ 104 copies/ml; after nucleotide based antiviral therapy below the above criteria, can be enrolled); chronic hepatitis B virus carriers with HBV DNA < 104 IU/ml, who must receive concomitant antiviral therapy during the trial to be enrolled.
  • Those with renal failure requiring hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis.
  • Those with a history of immunodeficiency, including HIV-positive or suffering from other acquired or congenital immunodeficiency diseases, or a history of organ transplantation
  • Active autoimmune disease requiring systemic therapy (e.g., use of disease-relieving drugs, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressive agents) within 2 years prior to the start of study treatment, except for replacement therapies (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroids for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency); receiving systemic glucocorticoid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy. Doses >10 mg/day of prednisone or other equivalent hormone and within 2 weeks of the first dose and still continuing
  • Those with a history of active tuberculosis
  • Those who fail to control and still require repeated drainage of ascites, pericardial effusion, pleural effusion.

Research treatment related to.

  • Patients who have undergone major organ transplantation
  • Those who have undergone major surgical treatment, incisional biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to the start of study treatment; or have a long-standing untreated wound or fracture
  • History of live attenuated vaccination within 14 days prior to the start of study treatment or planned live attenuated vaccination during the study
  • History of severe hypersensitivity reactions following the use of monoclonal antibodies; known hypersensitivity to active ingredients or excipients such as envafolimab, lenvatinib, etc., of this study drug
  • Those who are participating or have participated in other clinical studies within 4 weeks prior to the start of the study
  • Those with a history of severe allergy.
  • Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • At risk for bleeding, or with coagulation disorders, or undergoing thrombolytic therapy
  • Those with a history of psychotropic substance abuse and unable to abstain or with psychiatric disorders
  • Subjects who, in the judgment of the investigator, have a concomitant disease that seriously jeopardizes the safety of the subject or interferes with the completion of the study, or subjects for whom other reasons are deemed to exist that make them unsuitable for enrollment In the judgment of the investigator, subjects who, in the judgment of the investigator, have a concomitant disease that seriously jeopardizes the safety of the subject or interferes with the completion of the study, or subjects for whom other reasons are deemed to exist that make them unsuitable for enrollment

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

30 participants in 2 patient groups

Patients who have failed previous standard chemotherapy
Experimental group
Treatment:
Drug: envafolimab and lenvatinib combined with paclitaxel-albumin
Patients with SD or above obtained by previous first-line PD-1 antibody therapy
Experimental group
Treatment:
Drug: envafolimab and lenvatinib combined with paclitaxel-albumin

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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