Study on the Gut Microbial Mechanism of Negative Symptoms of Schizophrenia

S

Shanghai Mental Health Center

Status and phase

Unknown
Early Phase 1

Conditions

Amisulpride
Negative Symptom
Schizophrenia
Gut Microbiomes

Treatments

Drug: Amisulpride

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04533724
2020LQY

Details and patient eligibility

About

Negative symptoms are one of the five-dimensional symptoms of patients with schizophrenia, and medications are not effective in treating negative symptoms. The mechanism of negative symptoms of schizophrenia is unknown, which may be related to insufficient dopamine function of the prefrontal cortex. Amisulpride is a D2/D3 receptor antagonist, which can improve negative symptoms. Intestinal microbes are related to central nervous system mental diseases. Animal studies have found that changes in the intestinal microflora are related to schizophrenia. Clinical studies have found that the gut microbes of patients with schizophrenia are different from those of normal healthy people. Therefore, we are trying to discover the changes of gut microbes in patients with effective amisulpride treatment, and to improve the negative symptoms of schizophrenia patients through the intestinal immune system. The mechanism of brain relationship provides direction, and also provides a new way for the drug treatment of negative symptoms.

Full description

Negative symptoms are one of the five-dimensional symptoms of patients with schizophrenia. Drug treatment of negative symptoms is not effective. Even if the positive symptoms are relieved, the negative symptoms continue to exist, which seriously affects the personal family social function and is an important risk factor for poor prognosis. The mechanism of negative symptoms of schizophrenia is unknown, which may be related to insufficient dopamine function of the prefrontal cortex, but the pathogenesis is still not fully explained. Amisulpride is a D2/D3 receptor antagonist, which can improve negative symptoms, but the mechanism is not clear. Intestinal microbes are related to central nervous system psychiatric diseases, and intestinal flora imbalance may be an important cause of autism, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia and other mental and psychological diseases. Under pathological conditions, when the intestinal microbiome is disturbed or the intestinal mucosal barrier is destroyed, microbial-related molecules stimulate macrophages and dendritic cells to produce pro-inflammatory cytokines, which in turn activate adaptive immune cells, leading to the destruction of immune homeostasis and enteric nerves The system can also interact with the central nervous system through the brain-gut axis. Intestinal microbes may also influence the occurrence of mental illness through metabolites. Animal studies have found that changes in the intestinal microflora are related to schizophrenia. Clinical studies have found that the gut microbes of patients with schizophrenia are different from those of normal healthy people. Therefore, we are trying to discover the changes of gut microbes in patients with effective amisulpride treatment, and to improve the negative symptoms of schizophrenia patients through the intestinal immune system. The mechanism of brain relationship provides direction, and also provides a new way for the drug treatment of negative symptoms. This study intends to select 30 patients with schizophrenia with dominant negative symptoms (study group) and 15 healthy people with similar living environment (control group), and the study group will be treated with amisulpride (flexible treatment), negative symptom factor The score reduction rate reached 20% for the effective group. Followed up for 8 weeks, fresh stool samples were collected at the baseline, 2, 4, and 8 weekends for 16S rRNA sequencing and short-chain fatty acid detection, and whole blood samples for immune factors (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, TNF) -α) Test to assess the negative symptom factor scores of PANSS, CDSS, CGI, TESS, SAS, and Barnes akathisia, and evaluate the patient's negative symptoms, depressive symptoms, efficacy and adverse reactions in turn. Comparing the differences in the intestinal microflora of the two groups at baseline, the correlation between the changes of the intestinal microflora of the effective group of amisulpride and the immune factors and negative symptoms. To understand the pathogenesis of schizophrenia patients with dominant negative symptoms through the gut microbiota-brain axis.

Enrollment

6 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 45 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • 18-45 years old, Han nationality, no gender limit;
  • Meet the diagnostic criteria of "Schizophrenia" in the American Diagnostic Standards for Mental Disorders (DSM-V);
  • The first attack, no antipsychotic drugs have been used in the past six months;
  • The PANSS negative symptom subscale has at least 3 items with 4 points and above or at least two items with 5 points and above, and the positive symptoms score is less than 19 points;
  • The negative symptom score is at least 6 points or more higher than the positive symptom score;
  • The cultural, social and educational background is sufficient to understand informed consent and research content.

Exclusion criteria

  • 1.Combined with DSM-V diagnosis other than schizophrenia;
  • .G6≥4 points in PANSS, or CDSS≥6 points;
  • .SAS Side Reaction Scale> 3 points;
  • Organic diseases of the central nervous system;
  • In the past two months, there were people who were dependent or abused on alcohol or other substances, which caused significant impairment of social and cognitive function;
  • In the past year, there have been major life events such as widowhood;
  • Serious suicide attempts;
  • .The current patient's severe and unstable physical disease;
  • .Pregnant and lactating women;
  • Have a history of antibiotic use of more than 3 days within 3 months;
  • Use probiotics (lactic acid products, etc.) for more than 3 days within 3 months;
  • Type 1 diabetes and severe diabetes complications;
  • .Digestive system diseases such as gastrointestinal inflammation, acute or chronic hepatitis;
  • .Severe organ diseases, such as cancer, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, cerebral hemorrhage;
  • .Have infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis, AIDS;
  • Drug treatment of cholecystitis, peptic ulcer, urinary tract infection, acute nephritis, cystitis or hyperthyroidism.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Non-Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

6 participants in 2 patient groups

Study group
Experimental group
Description:
Recruit 30 outpatient/inpatient schizophrenia patients (dominant negative symptoms) in Shanghai Mental Health Center .
Treatment:
Drug: Amisulpride
Healthy control group
No Intervention group
Description:
15 cases of normal healthy people (control group) with similar eating habits and ages in the same region were matched with study group.

Trial documents
1

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Central trial contact

Qinyu Lv

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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