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Study to Assess Safety and Efficacy of PRI-002 in Patients With MCI to Mild Dementia Due to Alzheimer's Disease (AD) (PRImus-AD)

P

PRInnovation

Status and phase

Enrolling
Phase 2

Conditions

Mild Cognitive Impairment Due to Alzheimer's Disease
Alzheimer's Disease, Early Onset

Treatments

Drug: Placebo
Drug: PRI-002

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry
Other

Identifiers

NCT06182085
PRI-002-004

Details and patient eligibility

About

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia. In the brains of people with AD, certain small substances stick together. This leads to changes in thinking and behaviour. The company PRInnovation is developing a new treatment for Alzheimer's disease, called PRI-002. It is thought that PRI-002 can cut the sticked substances back into small pieces. That would reduce the effects of Alzheimer's disease. In the current study the investigators examine whether PRI-002 is safe and effective in participants with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or mild dementia due to AD.

Full description

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder and the most common form of dementia. The post-mortem pathology of AD is mainly characterised by neurodegeneration as well as extracellular amyloid plaques and intracellular neurofibrillary tangles. Research suggests that the amyloid-β-peptide (Aβ) aggregation plays a major role in the development of AD, while Aβ oligomers are thought to be the most toxic species. Therefore, various strategies to develop AD therapeutics address Aβ and some examples include trying to reduce its formation, inhibit its aggregation to fibrils or enhancing its clearance.

PRI-002 is being investigated as a possible treatment for cognitive impairment due to AD. PRI-002 is an all D-amino acid peptide (all-D-peptide) consisting of a rationally designed primary structure, resulting in efficient removal of Aβ oligomers. PRI-002 specifically aims to eliminate neurotoxic Aβ oligomers by disassembling prion-like behaving Aβ oligomers into non-toxic Aβ monomer units. This therapeutic principle is new and unique and differs from that of other amyloid related drug candidates currently in clinical development, which aim to increase the degradation rate of different Aβ species.

The current trial is a Phase 2 proof-of-concept study to further investigate the safety and efficacy of PRI-002 in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or mild dementia due to AD.

Enrollment

270 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

55 to 80 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Signed and dated written informed consent obtained from the subject and study companion in accordance with applicable regulations

  2. Male or female, aged 55 to 80 years, inclusive

  3. For female subjects: not being of child-bearing potential. This is defined as either permanently sterilised (via hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy, or bilateral oophorectomy) or postmenopausal (defined as no menses for 12 months without an alternative medical cause)

  4. Body mass index (BMI) between 18.5 and 30.0 kg/m2, inclusive, (weight in kilograms and height in meters will be combined to report BMI in kg/m2)

  5. Diagnosed with MCI due to AD or mild dementia due to AD, according to the NIA-AA criteria11

  6. MMSE score of 22 to 30 points on a scale, inclusive, the highest score achievable is 30

  7. Repeatable battery for the assessment of neuropsychological status - delayed memory index (RBANS-DMI) score ≤85 units on a scale

  8. CDR global score of 0.5 or 1 with a memory score ≥0.5 units on a scale

  9. Confirmation of AD diagnosis, by

    • CSF biomarker profile reflecting AD, according to NIA-AA11, or
    • existing positive amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) evidence
  10. Fluency in local language and evidence of adequate intellectual functioning in the opinion of the investigator

  11. Having a reliable informant or caregiver who is willing and able to act as the study companion throughout the duration of the subject's participation. The subject and the study companion must have frequent interaction (defined as a minimum of 6 hours/week on average) according to subject's report

Exclusion criteria

  1. Unable to give informed consent in accordance with applicable regulations

  2. Diagnosed with moderate or severe dementia due to AD according to National Institute on Aging - Alzheimer's Association (NIA-AA)

  3. History or evidence of any other central nervous system (CNS) disorder(s) that could be interpreted as a cause of cognitive impairment or dementia

  4. History of known or suspected seizures, loss of consciousness, or significant head trauma within 2 years before Screening

  5. History of known or suspected stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) within 2 years before Screening

  6. Evidence of other clinically significant lesions on brain MRI (Fazekas score 312)

  7. History or presence of clinically evident cerebrovascular disease (diagnosis of possible, probable, or definite vascular dementia)

  8. Other significant pathological findings on brain MRI (for example more than 10 microhaemorrhages or a single macrohaemorrhage >10 mm at the greatest diameter)

  9. Unstable medical, neurological, or psychiatric condition, or presence of major depressive episode at Screening

  10. Life-time history of schizophrenia or history of uncontrolled bipolar disorder within 5 years before Screening

  11. Having a bleeding disorder that is not under adequate control (defined as a platelet count <50 000 or international normalised ratio [INR] >1.5). Participants who are on anticoagulant therapy (for example, warfarin), should have their anticoagulant status optimised and be on a stable dose for 30 days before Screening. Anticoagulant therapy (e.g., clopidogrel bisulfate, carbasalate calcium 100 mg/day, or aspirin 325 mg/day or less) is permitted provided this therapy does not represent a contraindication for a lumbar puncture and CSF sampling (if CSF sampling is required in the absence of historical PET evidence).

  12. Having significant kidney disease as indicated by either of the following:

    • Creatinine clearance (eGFR) ≤30 mL/min/1.73m2) as estimated using the modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) method, or
    • Creatinine ≥2 mg/dL.
  13. Having impaired hepatic function as indicated by aspartate amino transferase (AST) or alanine amino transferase (ALT) >3-fold the upper limit of normal (ULN), or total bilirubin >2-fold ULN, at Screening.

  14. Known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive

  15. Known to be hepatitis C or chronic hepatitis B positive

  16. Having any other clinically significant abnormalities in physical examination, vital signs, laboratory tests, MRI, or ECG at Screening or Baseline which in the opinion of the investigator requires further investigation or treatment or which may interfere with study procedures or safety

  17. Use of licensed symptomatic AD medication for less than 90 days or at a non-stable dose over the past 90 days at Baseline (for example acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, memantine, ginkgo)

  18. Use of anti-Aβ monoclonal antibody therapy at Baseline

  19. Treatment with one of the following substances:

    1. Typical antipsychotic or neuroleptic medication within 90 days before Screening (except for

      ≤1 mg risperidon, and ≤300 mg quetiapin).

    2. Chronic use of opiates or opioids (including long-acting opioid medication) within 90 days before Screening

    3. Stimulant medications (amphetamine, methylphenidate preparations, or modafinil) within 30 days before Screening

    4. Chronic use of benzodiazepines, barbiturates, or hypnotics within 90 days before Screening

  20. Contraindication to MRI. Patients with MRI compatible pacemakers may be allowed to enter the study.

  21. Prior or current participation in a clinical trial testing active immunisation against Aβ or tau.

  22. Participation in a clinical trial and having taken at least 1 dose of the investigational medicinal product (IMP), within 5 times the IMP half-life time before Baseline, unless confirmed as having been on placebo.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

270 participants in 3 patient groups, including a placebo group

Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Daily oral administration of 3 capsules in the morning and evening.
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
PRI-002, dosage arm 1
Experimental group
Description:
Daily oral administration of 3 capsules in the morning and evening, lower dose.
Treatment:
Drug: PRI-002
PRI-002, dosage arm 2
Experimental group
Description:
Daily oral administration of 3 capsules in the morning and evening, higher dose.
Treatment:
Drug: PRI-002

Trial contacts and locations

39

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Central trial contact

Kathrin Thiem, Dr.; Alexander Brener, Dr.

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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