The trial is taking place at:
M

Millennium Research | Ormond Beach, FL

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Study to Assess the Safety, Pharmacokinetics, and Efficacy of KPL-404 in Participants With Rheumatoid Arthritis With Inadequate Response or Intolerance to at Least One Biologic Disease-modifying Anti-rheumatic Drug or a Janus Kinase Inhibitor

K

Kiniksa Pharmaceuticals

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 2

Conditions

Arthritis, Rheumatoid

Treatments

Drug: Placebo
Drug: KPL-404

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Industry

Identifiers

NCT05198310
KPL-404-C211
2022-000169-42 (EudraCT Number)

Details and patient eligibility

About

Phase 2 study of the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD) and efficacy of KPL-404 in subjects with moderate to severe Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Full description

This is a 28-week (up to 4-week screening period, 12-week treatment period, and 12-week safety follow-up period), multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multiple dose, proof-of-concept study with PK lead-in designed to assess the safety, PK, efficacy and PD of KPL-404 in subjects with moderate to severe, active Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) who have an inadequate response to or are intolerant to a Janus kinase inhibitor (JAKi) AND/OR at least one biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (bDMARD). The objectives of the study are to evaluate safety, efficacy, and PD of KPL-404 compared with placebo across the estimated therapeutic range and to characterize PK across varying dose levels of KPL-404.

Enrollment

145 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 80 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Body weight ≥ 40 to ≤ 140 kg for all cohorts.
  • Diagnosis of RA for ≥ 3 months fulfilling the 2010 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/European Union League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) classification criteria for RA and that is categorized as ACR RA functional Class 1-3.
  • Treated with a biological disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (bDMARDs) AND/OR Janus kinase inhibitor (JAKi) therapy for RA for ≥ 3 months and had inadequate response or had to discontinue bDMARD AND/OR JAKi therapy due to intolerance or toxicity, regardless of treatment duration.

Currently receiving conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (csDMARD) therapy ≥ 3 months and on a stable dose for ≥ 4 weeks before the first dose of investigational product.

  • The following csDMARDs are allowed: oral or parenteral methotrexate ([MTX]; 7.5 to 25 mg/week), sulfasalazine (≤ 3000 mg/day), hydroxychloroquine (≤ 400 mg/day), chloroquine (≤ 250 mg/day), and leflunomide (≤ 20 mg/day).
  • A combination of up to 2 background csDMARDs is allowed, except the combination of MTX and leflunomide.

Meets all of the following disease activity criteria:

  • Six or more swollen joints (based on 66 joint counts) and ≥ 6 tender joints (based on 68 joint counts) at screening and baseline visits;
  • Level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein ≥ 3 mg/L (by central laboratory);
  • Documented seropositivity for serum Rheumatoid Factor (RF) and/or Anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA) (>ULN) at screening or by prior laboratory evaluation.
  • Has completed a locally approved authorized COVID-19 vaccine regimen according to local guidance at least 3 weeks before the first dose of the Investigational Product.

Must have discontinued all bDMARDs or JAKi prior to the first dose of investigational product. The washout period for bDMARDs or JAKi prior to the first dose of investigational product is specified below. For bDMARDs or JAKi not listed below washout should be at least 5 times the mean elimination half-life of a drug:

  • ≥ 4 weeks for etanercept;
  • ≥ 8 weeks for adalimumab, infliximab, certolizumab, golimumab, abatacept, tocilizumab, and sarilumab;
  • ≥ 1 year for rituximab;
  • ≥ 2 weeks for JAKi (either investigational or commercially available treatment).
  • Voluntarily sign and date an informed consent form approved by independent ethics committee/Institutional Review Board (IRB)

Exclusion criteria

  • Prior exposure to any other anti-CD40/CD40L agent.
  • Inadequate response to 5 or more classes of advanced targeted therapies (bDMARD or tsDMARD; e.g., TNF inhibitors, IL-6 receptor inhibitors, T-cell costimulatory inhibitors, anti-CD-20 antibodies, JAK inhibitors). This does not include prior discontinuation due to drug intolerance.
  • Injectable corticosteroids (including intra-articular) or treatment with > 10 mg/day dose oral prednisone or equivalent within 8 weeks prior to randomization.
  • History of any arthritis with onset prior to age 16 years or current diagnosis of inflammatory joint disease other than RA (Current diagnosis of secondary Sjogren's syndrome is permitted).
  • History of thromboembolic event or a significant risk of future thromboembolic events
  • Clinically significant active infection including signs/symptoms suggestive of infection, any significant recurrent or chronic infection, or subjects at a high risk of infection
  • History of cancer within the last 5 years from screening, except for basal and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or in situ carcinoma of the cervix treated and considered cured.

History of any of the following cardiovascular conditions:

  • Moderate to severe congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association class III or IV);
  • Recent (within past 6 months) cerebrovascular accident, myocardial infarction, coronary stenting;
  • Uncontrolled hypertension as defined by a confirmed systolic blood pressure > 160 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure > 100 mmHg.
  • Clinically relevant or significant electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities, including ECG with QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) > 500 msec.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Sequential Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

145 participants in 9 patient groups, including a placebo group

Cohort 1 KPL-404
Experimental group
Description:
KPL-404 2mg/kg Subcutaneous (SC) q2wk for 12 weeks
Treatment:
Drug: KPL-404
Cohort 1 Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Placebo for KPL-404 SC q2wk for 12 weeks
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Cohort 2 KPL-404
Experimental group
Description:
KPL-404 5mg/kg SC q2wk for 12 weeks
Treatment:
Drug: KPL-404
Cohort 2 Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Placebo for KPL-404 SC q2wk for 12 weeks
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Cohort 3 KPL-404
Experimental group
Description:
KPL-404 5mg/kg SC qwk for 12 weeks
Treatment:
Drug: KPL-404
Cohort 3 KPL-404 and Placebo
Experimental group
Description:
KPL-404 5mg/kg SC q2wk with alternating weekly administrations of KPL-404 or placebo SC for 12 weeks
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Drug: KPL-404
Cohort 3 Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Placebo for KPL-404 SC qwk for 12 weeks
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo
Cohort 4 KPL-404
Experimental group
Description:
KPL-404 SC q4wk for 12 weeks: 600 mg loading dose at baseline followed by 400 mg at weeks 4 and 8.
Treatment:
Drug: KPL-404
Cohort 4 Placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Placebo for KPL-404 SC q4wk for 12 weeks
Treatment:
Drug: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations

47

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Central trial contact

Clinical Project Manager

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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