Study to Evaluate the Safety and Tolerability of Ferric Citrate in Children With Hyperphosphatemia Related to Chronic Kidney Disease


Keryx Biopharmaceuticals

Status and phase

Phase 3


Hyperphosphatemia Related to Chronic Kidney Disease


Drug: ferric citrate

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


This study will be conducted to assess the safety and tolerability of ferric citrate in pediatric participants with hyperphosphatemia related to chronic kidney disease (CKD).


45 estimated patients




6 to 16 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Age 6 years to <17 years at Screening.

  • Weight ≥ 20 kilograms (kg) (dry weight for dialysis participants) at Screening.

  • Chronic kidney disease (CKD) requiring chronic dialysis (i.e., hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis), or CKD not on dialysis with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <30 milliliters per minute (mL/min)/1.73 meters squared (m^2) at Screening.

  • Documented history of CKD-related hyperphosphatemia for at least 3 months prior to the screening visit.

  • If participant is or is not on phosphate binder(s) at Visit 1, serum phosphorus must be:

    • 6 to <13 years: >5.8 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).
    • 13 to <17 years: >4.5 mg/dL.
  • If participant is on phosphate binder(s) at Visit 1, and serum phosphorus is not greater than the above stated age-limit criteria, approximately 1 to 4-weeks of washout period is required and at Visit 1a or Visit 1b, serum phosphorus must be greater than the age above stated age-limit criteria.

  • Transferrin saturation (TSAT) <50%.

  • Parent/legal guardian must be willing and able to give written informed consent, and child (participant) willing and able to give age-appropriate assent according to local regulatory requirements.

  • Female participants of childbearing potential, defined as post menarche and not surgically sterile, must have a negative serum pregnancy test.

  • Dialysis adequacy stable on current mode of dialysis prior to screening and agree to maintain dialysis prescription for the duration of the pharmacodynamic assessment period unless changes are needed for safety. A minimum dialysis adequacy (dialysis clearance of urea-dialysis time/volume of distribution of urea [Kt/V]), defined by the following:

    1. Hemodialysis adequacy: single-pool Kt/V ≥1.2 for at least 1 hemodialysis session within 2 months.
    2. Peritoneal dialysis: At least 1Kt/V reading ≥1.8 within 4 months.

Exclusion criteria

  • Active significant GI disorder, including overt GI bleeding or active inflammatory bowel disease.

  • Liver transaminases (aspartate aminotransferase [AST] or alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) >3× the upper limit of normal at Screening.

  • Unable to swallow pills, if participant requires tube feeding, ferric citrate must be taken orally and not administered via feeding tube.

  • Non-renal cause of hyperphosphatemia.

  • Active drug or alcohol dependence or abuse (excluding tobacco use or medicinal marijuana) within the 12 months prior to Screening or evidence of such abuse (in the opinion of the Investigator).

  • Malignancy, except for participants who have been disease-free for at least 2 years after curative therapy.

  • Participants with a functioning organ transplant.

  • A known allergy or intolerance to ferric citrate or any of its constituents.

  • Participants who do not agree to remain abstinent or assent to use a combination of 2 of the following highly effective birth control methods for at least 28 days before the first dose, during the study (including during dose interruptions), and for at least 30 days after the last dose:

    • Barrier method of contraception: condoms (female or male) with or without a spermicidal agent, diaphragm, or cervical cap with spermicide.
    • Intrauterine device (IUD).
    • Hormone-based contraceptives which are associated with inhibition of ovulation.
  • Females who are pregnant or breast-feeding other children. Participants who are being breastfed are eligible to participate in this study.

  • Any other medical condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, renders the participant unable to or unlikely to complete the trial or that would interfere with optimal participation in the trial or produce significant risk to the participant.

  • The participant, in the opinion of the Investigator, is unable to adhere to the requirements of the study.

  • Receipt of any investigational drug within 4 weeks before Screening.

  • History of hemochromatosis or iron overload syndrome (e.g, hereditary sideroblastic anemia, thalassemia).

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

45 participants in 1 patient group

Ferric citrate
Experimental group
Participants aged 6 to < 17 years will receive ferric citrate for 36 weeks at a starting dose based on body weight categories.
Drug: ferric citrate

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Akebia Medical Information

Data sourced from

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