Study to Investigate Lifileucel Regimen Plus Pembrolizumab Compared With Pembrolizumab Alone in Participants With Untreated Advanced Melanoma.


Iovance Biotherapeutics

Status and phase

Phase 3


Unresectable Melanoma
Metastatic Melanoma


Biological: Pembrolizumab with Optional Crossover Period
Biological: Lifileucel plus Pembrolizumab

Study type


Funder types



TILVANCE-301 (Other Identifier)
TILVANCE (Other Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility


This is a Phase 3, multicenter, open-label, randomized, parallel group, treatment study to assess the efficacy and safety of lifileucel in combination with pembrolizumab compared with pembrolizumab alone in participants with untreated, unresectable or metastatic melanoma. Participants randomized to the pembrolizumab monotherapy arm who subsequently have a blinded independent central review- verified confirmed progressive disease (PD) will be offered lifileucel monotherapy in an optional crossover period.

Full description

The study will enroll participants with unresectable or metastatic melanoma (Stage IIIC, IIID, or IV per the American Joint Committee on Cancer [AJCC] staging system) who have had no prior therapy for metastatic disease. Previous adjuvant/neoadjuvant therapy with a single line of protooncogene B-Raf (BRAF) inhibitor with or without a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK) inhibitor, PD-1 inhibitor, or cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 [CTLA-4] inhibitor is allowed, provided such treatment was completed ≥6 months before progression to metastatic disease.


670 estimated patients




18 to 70 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Participant has a histologically or pathologically confirmed diagnosis of Stage IIIC, IIID, or IV unresectable or metastatic melanoma.
  2. In the investigator's assessment, the participant has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 and an estimated life expectancy of > 6 months.
  3. Participant is assessed as having at least one resectable lesion (or aggregate lesions) for lifileucel generation.
  4. Participant must have at least one measurable disease as defined by RECIST 1.1 following tumor resection.
  5. Participants must have adequate organ function.
  6. Participants of childbearing potential or those with partners of childbearing potential must be willing to practice an approved method of highly effective birth control.
  7. Participants who are > 70 years of age may be allowed to enroll after the investigator discusses with the medical monitor.

Exclusion criteria

  1. Participant has melanoma of uveal/ocular origin.
  2. Participant has symptomatic untreated brain metastases.
  3. Participant received more than 1 prior line of therapy.
  4. Participant received prior therapy for metastatic disease
  5. Participants with a BRAF V600 mutation-positive tumor received prior adjuvant/neoadjuvant ICI therapy only
  6. Participant has an active medical illness(es) that, in the opinion of the investigator, would pose increased risks for study participation, such as systemic infections; seizure disorders; coagulation disorders; or other active major medical illnesses of the cardiovascular, respiratory, or immune systems.
  7. Participant has any form of primary or acquired immunodeficiency (eg, SCID or AIDS).
  8. Participant had another primary malignancy within the previous 3 years (except for those that do not require treatment or were curatively treated >1 year ago, and in the judgment of the investigator do not pose a significant risk of recurrence.)
  9. Participant has a history of allogeneic cell or organ transplant.

Other protocol defined inclusion/exclusion criteria could apply.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


None (Open label)

670 participants in 2 patient groups

Arm A
Experimental group
Lifileucel plus Pembrolizumab
Biological: Lifileucel plus Pembrolizumab
Arm B
Active Comparator group
Pembrolizumab alone with Optional Crossover Period
Biological: Pembrolizumab with Optional Crossover Period

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Iovance Biotherapeutics Study Team; Iovance Biotherapeutics

Data sourced from

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