Sub Chronic Evaluation for ATP With an Extravascular Placed ICD Lead (STEP ICD) Study


AtaCor Medical




Ventricular Fibrillation
Ventricular Arrythmia
Ventricular Tachycardia


Device: AtaCor EV-ICD Lead

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


STEP ICD is a premarket, exploratory, early feasibility, interventional study designed to evaluate the preliminary safety and performance of the Investigational Devices. The study is intended to inform the final device design which will be further evaluated in traditional feasibility and /or pivotal clinical investigations. The primary safety objective is to characterize safety of the EV-ICD Lead through 3 months post-implant. The primary performance objective is to characterize sensing and conversion of induced VF with the EV-ICD Lead up to 3 months post-implant.

Full description

The primary safety endpoint is incidence of Adverse Device Effects (ADEs). The primary performance endpoint is induced VF conversion success up to 3 months post-implant. Secondary endpoints include defibrillation metrics (i.e., lowest Conversion Energy (J), ability to automatically sense and detect ventricular arrhythmias, detection time and time-to-therapy) and pacing metrics (ventricular capture threshold (V), pacing impedance (ohms), R-wave amplitude (mV), and extracardiac pacing sensation level). Up to 30 eligible Subjects undergoing a pectoral transvenous ICD procedure (de novo or replacement) will receive an EV-ICD Lead connected to a commercially available ICD in a left mid-axillary or left pectoral pocket. The EV-ICD System will be tested in the intended implant location to determine the lowest defibrillation energy. Subjects will remain in the hospital overnight (at a minimum), prior to discharge. Except during testing, the EV-ICD System will remain programmed to monitor only (therapy OFF) to detect and store ventricular arrhythmias over the follow-up period. A concomitantly implanted transvenous ICD (TV-ICD) system will provide any necessary ICD therapy. Non-therapy EV-ICD programming parameters will match the TV-ICD to the extent possible to facilitate recording of matched stored electrograms. Follow-up visits are planned at pre-discharge, 2 weeks, 1 month, 2 months, and 3 months. VF conversion testing will occur prior to lead removal in order to test subchronic defibrillation effectiveness with a submaximal energy shock in standard and/or reverse polarity. At the Lead Removal Follow Up, the EV-ICD System will be explanted and the TV-ICD System left in place. A final follow-up will occur one month after EV-ICD Lead explant to assess any post-explant adverse events prior to study exit.


21 patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • At least 18 years old
  • Indicated for de novo or replacement ICD procedure

Exclusion criteria

  • BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2
  • Subjects who require continual ventricular pacing
  • Presence or planned use of a subcutaneous ICD lead, subcutaneous coils/arrays, epicardial patches or epicardial pace/sense leads within the study period
  • Planned MRI within the study period
  • Subjects on anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy that cannot be temporarily discontinued for the procedure
  • Circumstances that may prevent data collection or follow-up
  • Participation in any concurrent clinical study without prior written approval from the Sponsor

Inability or unwillingness to provide informed consent to participate in the Study

Known prior history for any of the following:

  • NYHA IV functional class in past 90 days
  • Inotropic therapy in past 180 days
  • Structural abnormalities of the heart that may increase risk of the study procedure or an obstructed/restricted pathway into the mediastinum
  • Uncontrolled paroxysmal, persistent or permanent atrial fibrillation
  • Median or partial sternotomy
  • Surgery with disruption of the lung, pericardium or connective tissue between the sternum and pericardium
  • Significant anatomic derangement of or within the thorax (e.g., pectus excavatum, significant scoliosis)
  • Thoracic radiation therapy, pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum or other medical treatments which may complicate the AtaCor EV-ICD Lead System implant procedure
  • Any conditions which may complicate the AtaCor EV-ICD Lead System implant procedure
  • Pericardial disease, pericarditis and mediastinitis
  • Medical treatments, surgeries or conditions that increase the potential for adhesions in the thorax
  • FEV1 < 1.0 Liter
  • Surgically corrected congenital heart disease (not including catheter-based procedures)
  • Allergies to the device materials as listed in the Instructions for Use (IFU)

Trial design

Primary purpose

Basic Science



Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

21 participants in 1 patient group

AtaCor EV-ICD Lead System
Experimental group
Subjects implanted with the AtaCor EV-ICD Lead
Device: AtaCor EV-ICD Lead

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

Sarah Hase, BS, CCRA; Michael Husby, MS, MPH

Data sourced from

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