Sublingual Analgesia for Acute Abdominal Pain in Children

I

IRCCS Burlo Garofolo

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Abdominal Pain

Treatments

Drug: Acetaminophen
Drug: Ketorolac
Drug: Tramadol

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02465255
RC 22/13

Details and patient eligibility

About

Acute abdominal pain is a frequent symptom in children admitted to the emergency department . In the past the fear of masking a surgical condition has justified withholding analgesia in patients with acute abdominal pain. By the 2000s, some clinical trials established that opioid analgesia before surgical consultation does not affect diagnostic accuracy or outcome in children with acute abdominal pain. Despite this, acute abdominal pain is still undertreated in this setting. Published paediatric trials studied the effect of opioid analgesia administered by parenteral route or by mouth. To the best of our knowledge no study investigated the effectiveness of sublingual analgesia. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial is to assess the effectiveness of three different drugs (ketorolac, tramadol, paracetamol), administered by the sublingual route, in children complaining of acute abdominal pain.

Enrollment

210 patients

Sex

All

Ages

4 to 18 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Age 4 to 18 years
  • Emergency department admission for moderate to severe acute abdominal pain (VAS/NRS score >=6)
  • Informed consent signed by parents or legal guardians

Exclusion criteria

  • Known allergy or sensitivity to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, opioids or acetaminophen
  • Use of analgesic drugs in the 8 hours before
  • Clinical suspicion of abdominal pain due to fecal stasis
  • Moderate or severe dehydration (weight loss of more than 5%)
  • Known nephropathy, liver disease, metabolic or neurologic disease
  • Thrombocytopenia or history of bleeding disease

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

210 participants in 3 patient groups

Ketorolac
Experimental group
Description:
Ketorolac 0.5 mg/kg administrated by sublingual route
Treatment:
Drug: Ketorolac
Tramadol
Active Comparator group
Description:
Tramadol 2.0 mg/kg administrated by sublingual route
Treatment:
Drug: Tramadol
Acetaminophen (paracetamol)
Active Comparator group
Description:
Acetaminophen (paracetamol) 20.0 mg/kg administrated by sublingual route
Treatment:
Drug: Acetaminophen

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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