SUNSET: SBRT for Ultra-central NSCLC- a Safety and Efficacy Trial


Lawson Health Research Institute

Status and phase

Active, not recruiting
Phase 1


Non Small Cell Lung Cancer


Radiation: SBRT

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


This multi-centre phase I dose-escalation study will use a time-to-event continual reassessment method (TIT-CRM). Accrual will start at level 1 (60 Gy in 8 fractions). Patients will be assigned to treatment doses using the TITE-CRM model. The model will use all available information from previously accrued patients to assign the highest dose with a predicted risk of grade 3 toxicity of 30% or less.

Full description

This study will use a time-to-event continual reassessment method (TITE-CRM). The study design is based on RTOG 0813 (described above), but with a more cautious approach, since the patients herein may constitute a high-risk subset of the patients enrolled in RTOG 0813. The modifications include a starting dose (60 Gy in 8 fractions) herein that is lower than the safe dose for central tumors as determined by RTOG 0813 (60 Gy in 5 fractions), and longer follow-up period during which patients are considered at-risk for toxicity, (i.e. two years herein vs. one year in RTOG 0813). The primary endpoint of this study is the maximally tolerated dose (MTD) of radiotherapy for ultracentral tumors. The MTD is the dose of radiotherapy associated with a <30% rate of grade 3-5 toxicity occurring within 2 years of treatment. Local Progression, Regional nodal progression, Distant metastases, Progression-Free Survival, Overall survival, patient reported outcomes and quality of life. The correlative objectives of this study are to determine the prognostic value of ctDNA levels measured pre-treatment, at the end of treatment and 3- and 12-months after treatment.


30 estimated patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Pathologically (histologically or cytologically) proven diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); if the risk of biopsy is unacceptable, pathologic confirmation is not required providing there is serial growth on serial (>=2) CT imaging and/or FDG avidity that is strongly suggestive of a primary NSCLC.

Stage T1-3, N0, M0 (UICC/AJCC Staging, 8th Ed.), tumor size < 6 cm, prior to registration, based upon the following minimum diagnostic workup:

  • History/physical examination within 4 weeks prior to registration
  • CT scan with contrast (unless medically contraindicated) within 12 weeks of registration. The CT scan will include the entirety of both lungs, the mediastinum, liver and adrenal glands; the primary tumor dimensions will be measured on CT. Note: Patients with lesions that cannot be visualized by CT scan are not eligible for the study.
  • Whole body positron emission tomography (PET) scan within 12 weeks of registration, using FDG with adequate visualization of the primary tumor and draining lymph node basins in the hilar and mediastinal regions.
  • Mediastinal lymph node sampling by any technique is encouraged but not required. Patients with hilar or mediastinal lymph nodes <1 cm and no abnormal hilar or mediastinal uptake on PET will be considered N0. Patients with > 1 cm hilar or mediastinal lymph nodes on CT or abnormal PET (including suspicious but nondiagnostic uptake) may still be eligible if directed tissue biopsies of all abnormally identified areas are negative for cancer.
  • ECOG performance status 0-2;
  • age >18;
  • Ultra-central tumor location: tumours whose planning target volume (PTV) is expected to touch or overlaps the central bronchial tree, esophagus, pulmonary vein, or pulmonary artery as determined at the time of consultation.

Exclusion criteria

  • Prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer) unless disease free for a minimum of 2 years (e.g. carcinomas in situ of the breast, oral cavity, or cervix are permissible); previous lung cancer, if the patient is disease-free for a minimum of 2 years is permitted.
  • Any prior thoracic radiotherapy.
  • Any prior chemotherapy for the study cancer (cancer proposed to be treated on the study).
  • Prior surgery for the study cancer.
  • Plans for the patient to receive other local therapy (including standard fractionated radiotherapy and/or surgery) while on this study, except at disease progression;
  • Plans for the patient to receive systemic therapy (including standard chemotherapy or biologic targeted agents), while on this study, except at disease progression.
  • Pregnancy.
  • The following autoimmune and connective tissue diseases will be excluded: Scleroderma and Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD).

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

30 participants in 1 patient group

Patients with ultra-central NSCLC T1-3 (<6cm) N0 M0
Experimental group
Level-1 Dose per fraction: 4Gy Number of fractions: 15 Total Dose: 60 Gy Level 0 Dose per fraction: 6Gy Number of fractions: 10 Total Dose: 60 Gy Level 1 Dose per fraction: 7.5 Gy Number of fractions: 8 Total Dose: 60 Gy
Radiation: SBRT

Trial contacts and locations



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