Supplemental Selenium and Vitamin E and Pulmonary Function

C

Cornell University

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Treatments

Dietary Supplement: Selenium placebo
Dietary Supplement: Selenium
Dietary Supplement: Vitamin E
Dietary Supplement: Vitamin E placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT00063453
R01HL071022 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
151

Details and patient eligibility

About

To test whether supplementation with selenium and/or vitamin E affects pulmonary function.

Full description

BACKGROUND: There is compelling evidence from observational epidemiologic studies that intakes of nutrients with antioxidant properties are associated with reduced risks of chronic obstructive disease (COPD) and increased lung function. This study is ancillary to the multisite Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT), a 4-arm placebo-controlled, double-blinded randomized trial in 35,000 men testing whether daily supplementation with vitamin E (400mg alpha-tocopherol), selenium (200 micrograms selenomethionine) or both vitamin E and selenium can prevent prostate cancer. DESIGN NARRATIVE: This study is ancillary to the multisite Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT), a 4-arm placebo-controlled, double-blinded randomized trial in 35,000 men testing whether daily supplementation with vitamin E (400mg alpha-tocopherol), selenium (200 micrograms selenomethionine) or both vitamin E and selenium can prevent prostate cancer. A total of 3,000 SELECT participants will be enrolled for this respiratory ancillary study, and data collection will be extended to include pulmonary function, respiratory disease, and respiratory symptoms. Biological measures of nutrient exposure (serum vitamin E and selenium) and plasma lipids (total and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) will be collected on all participants and oxidant burden (urinary F2-isoprostane) on a sub sample of heavy smokers and men with COPD. The primary outcome will be change over about 36 months in forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1). FEV1 is a valid and reliable measure of respiratory function that strongly predicts COPD and mortality. Extensive data on diet and dietary supplement use are being collected by the SELECT parent study. All specific aims examine pre-specified contrasts between the 4 arms of the SELECT randomized trial. The underlying hypothesis is that supplements will reduce the age related decline in FEV1 and thus at the 3-year follow-up FEV1, which will be tested in longitudinal and cross-sectional models. A secondary aim considers whether the effect of supplementation is greater among smokers (high burden of exogenous oxidants) who, by purposive selection of the study sites, will comprise about 25% of the sample.

Enrollment

2,920 patients

Sex

Male

Ages

50+ years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Eligibility criteria:

  • age ≥ 55 y (≥ 50 y in African-Americans)
  • serum prostate-specific antigen ≤ 4ng/mL
  • no clinical evidence of prostate cancer

Exclusion criteria:

Off both SELECT supplements

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Factorial Assignment

Masking

Triple Blind

2,920 participants in 4 patient groups, including a placebo group

Vitamin E and selenium placebo
Experimental group
Description:
Vitamin E alone
Treatment:
Dietary Supplement: Vitamin E
Dietary Supplement: Selenium placebo
Selenium and vitamin E placebo
Experimental group
Description:
Selenium alone
Treatment:
Dietary Supplement: Vitamin E placebo
Dietary Supplement: Selenium
Vitamin E and selenium
Experimental group
Description:
Vitamin E and selenium combined
Treatment:
Dietary Supplement: Vitamin E
Dietary Supplement: Selenium
vitamin E Placebo and Selenium placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Double placebo
Treatment:
Dietary Supplement: Vitamin E placebo
Dietary Supplement: Selenium placebo

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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