SWIFT Study in the ED

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University of Washington

Status

Unknown

Conditions

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Treatments

Behavioral: SWIFT-Acute
Behavioral: SWIFT

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01893970
44360-J

Details and patient eligibility

About

Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a prevalent and costly public health problem with disabling consequences. More than one million civilians with mTBI are treated in US hospitals and emergency departments each year (Faul, et al., 2010). While the exact number is debated, approximately 10-15% of individuals with mTBI will experience prolonged and disabling post-concussive symptoms (Stranjalis, et al., 2008; Ruff and Weyer Jamora, 2009), and 34% will experience a psychiatric illness in the first year after injury (Fann, et al., 2004). In addition, at least 188,270 military service members sustained a TBI from 2000 to mid August 2010, and nearly 77% of these injuries were mild (Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, 2010). Many individuals require treatment for resulting mTBI symptoms. The proposed study builds on preliminary research conducted by the investigators to develop and test the effectiveness of a social work delivered education and reassurance intervention for adults with mTBI (SWIFT-Acute) against usual care. The proposed study will assess acceptability and obtain preliminary effectiveness data for an enhanced social work assessment and intervention for adults with mTBI (SWIFT) discharged from the Emergency Department (ED). SWIFT includes early education, reassurance, coping strategies, resources and a brief alcohol use intervention in the ED plus follow up telephone counseling, needs assessment and case management referral to necessary services. The intervention targets cognitive, physical, psychiatric and functional outcomes; specifically, post-concussive symptoms, depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, alcohol use, community functioning and successful linkage to community resources. It is hypothesized that SWIFT will be acceptable to patients and that participants in the SWIFT group will report superior outcomes on measures of post-concussive symptoms, depression and anxiety, alcohol use and community functioning and will report increased successful linkages to needed resources when compared to the SWIFT-Acute group. The specific aims of the study are: Implement an innovative social work intervention for adults with mTBI (SWIFT). Assess acceptability of SWIFT using qualitative interviews with participants. Assess preliminary effectiveness of SWIFT compared to SWIFT-Acute alone on reduction or prevention of post-concussive symptoms, depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and alcohol use, and on improvement of community functioning and successful linkage to community resources. 80 participants will be randomized to receive SWIFT or SWIFT-Acute. Preliminary intervention effectiveness will be assessed using standard measures of post-concussive symptoms, the primary outcome, depression, anxiety, PTSD, alcohol use, and community functioning. A structured survey will be used to assess linkage to community resources.

Enrollment

80 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

Inclusion criteria are based on the World Health Organization definition of mTBI. For inclusion in the study, participants must meet following criteria:

  • At least 18 years of age and English speakers
  • Present to ED with mechanism of trauma to the head, non-penetrating injury, or recent history of trauma to the head
  • Glasgow Coma Scale score of 13-15 after 30 minutes post injury or later upon presentation for healthcare
  • Discharged from the ED in <48 hours from time of admission

In addition participants must have one or more of the following symptoms at time of injury:

  • confusion or disorientation
  • loss of consciousness for 30 minutes or less,
  • post-traumatic amnesia for less than 24 hours
  • other transient neurological abnormalities such as focal signs, seizure and intracranial lesion not requiring surgery

Exclusion criteria

  • the manifestations of mTBI are determined to be caused by penetrating craniocerebral injury
  • patients <18 years of age or non-English speaking
  • patients with intracranial lesion requiring surgery
  • patients admitted to the hospital from ED
  • patients in police custody
  • patients without a telephone contact number

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

80 participants in 2 patient groups

SWIFT: Acute Social Work Intervention in the ED and Follow Up
Experimental group
Description:
Participants will receive: 1) acute social work intervention for adults with mTBI, including early education, reassurance, resources and brief alcohol intervention in the ED (SWIFT-Acute) and 2) follow up telephone counseling, needs assessment and case management referral to necessary services (SWIFT).
Treatment:
Behavioral: SWIFT
SWIFT-Acute Only: Acute social work intervention in the ED
Active Comparator group
Description:
acute social work intervention for adults with mTBI, including early education, reassurance, resources and brief alcohol intervention in the ED (SWIFT-Acute)
Treatment:
Behavioral: SWIFT-Acute

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Megan Moore, MSW, PhD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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