Tai Chi Chuan Combined With Walking on Physical and Mental Parameters of Older Adults

F

Federal University of Pelotas

Status

Not yet enrolling

Conditions

Aging

Treatments

Other: Tai Chi Chuan Plus Walking
Other: Walking

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06380413
78972024.7.0000.5313

Details and patient eligibility

About

Background: Tai Chi Chuan, a Chinese martial art style, is a mind-body modality that has shown positive impacts on health markers in various populations, particularly older adults. This study aims to investigate the effects of a 12-week program of Tai Chi Chuan exercises based on the Yang 16-movement form and walking on older adults' physical and mental markers. Methods: This study is a randomized, single-blinded, two-arm, parallel, superiority trial. Forty older adults between 60 and 75 years old who are not engaged in any systematic strength and aerobic training program will be recruited. Candidates with language and cognitive problems, a history of cardiovascular diseases (except controlled hypertension), osteoarticular limitations and fractures, severe injuries, and prosthetic placement in the last six months will be excluded. Participants will be randomly allocated on a 1:1 ratio to a 12-week intervention with Tai Chi Chuan and walking two times per week, or an active-control group with walking two times per week. Physical measures will be muscle strength (i.e., knee extensors maximum strength and lower limbs functional performance -primary outcomes-, dynamic knee extensors endurance, handgrip strength, back-leg-chest strength), functional capacity, static balance, muscle thickness and muscle quality of quadriceps. Mental measures will be quality of life, sleep quality, cognitive function, and depressive and anxiety symptoms. Outcomes will be measured before and after 12 weeks of intervention. The analysis plan will use an intention-to-treat approach and protocol criteria. Discussion: The conceptual hypothesis is that the intervention training program with Tai Chi Chuan and walking will lead to greater improvements in both physical and mental parameters due to its multi-component character compared to the walking active-control group.

Enrollment

40 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

60 to 75 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Not be engaged in any regular and systematic strength and aerobic training with a frequency greater than one session per week in the previous six months;
  • To live in Pelotas without the intention of moving or traveling during the intervention period.

Exclusion criteria

  • Language and cognition problems (accessed through the Mini-Mental State Examination, minimum score ≥28 points for people with >11 years of schooling, ≥23 points for people with 1-11 years of schooling, and ≥16 points for illiterate);
  • History of cardiovascular diseases (except medication-controlled hypertension);
  • Osteoarticular limitations that may impair physical exercise performance, such as fracture, prosthesis placement, or severe injury in the last six months.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

40 participants in 2 patient groups

Tai Chi Chuan Plus Walking
Experimental group
Description:
Tai Chi Chuan plus walking program twice a week
Treatment:
Other: Tai Chi Chuan Plus Walking
Walking
Active Comparator group
Description:
Walking program twice a week
Treatment:
Other: Walking

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Breno B Vasconcelos, Msc; Luana S Andrade, PhD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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