Taima TB: 3HP Study

O

Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 4

Conditions

Tuberculosis

Treatments

Drug: 3HP

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02689089
20160044-01H

Details and patient eligibility

About

This phase IV clinical study trial will be conducted among persons who require treatment for LTBI treatment in Iqaluit, Nunavut and Ottawa, Ontario. The primary objective of this study is to compare the proportion of people who complete directly observed prophylactic treatment (DOPT) using the new 3HP regimen to the current standard of 9 months INH.

Full description

The treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is a vital component of the overall strategy to reduce TB in a population. Treatment prevents ongoing transmission in communities by preventing the development of active TB disease. The current international standard for the treatment of LTBI is 9 months of Isoniazid (INH). Adherence to this lengthy regimen is one of the greatest impediments to treatment. A recent multi-centered, multi-national randomized control non inferiority trial with approximately 4,000 patients per arm demonstrated that Rifapentine and INH (3HP) given once weekly for a total of 12 doses was as effective as 9 months (252 doses) of daily INH treatment for LTBI.(1) These findings were also replicated in the pediatric population through a pediatric cohort (n=905 eligible participants) nested within the multi-centered international randomized controlled trial with children between ages 2-17 treated with 3HP compared to the INH standard for LTBI.(2) The efficacy and safety of this new regimen have been established. Rifapentine was approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in December of 2014 for the treatment of LTBI but is not yet approved in Canada. The shortened treatment course could increase the number of people who complete LTBI treatment which could lead to a decrease in active TB cases.

Enrollment

182 patients

Sex

All

Ages

2 to 65 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  1. Males or non-pregnant, non-nursing females between the ages of 2-65 years
  2. LTBI diagnosis as per Canadian TB Standards using either the Tuberculin Skin Test (TST) or the Interferon Gamma Release Assay (IGRA)
  3. Children 2-5 years with negative TSTs who have been in close contact with a case of active TB disease recently
  4. Able and willing to provide fully informed consent or parent/guardian able to provide consent

Exclusion criteria

  1. Suspected or confirmed active TB disease

  2. Known allergies to any of the study medications by participant self-report

  3. Female participants of childbearing potential who:

    1. have a positive pregnancy test at screening, or
    2. are not willing to use a reliable method of barrier contraception during the study, or
    3. are breastfeeding
  4. Unable/unwilling to substitute medications with drug interactions with 3HP, including :

    1. hormonal contraception
    2. HIV infected participants who are on anti-retroviral drugs
    3. other drugs that interact with 3HP (see Table 1)
  5. Known contact with an INH or rifampin resistant case

  6. Weight < 10 kg

  7. Evidence of possible liver damage defined by an aspartate transaminase (AST) level that is more than 3x the upper limit of normal in an asymptomatic patient

  8. Porphyria reported by patient

  9. Inability to adhere to protocol.

  10. Patients may be excluded from the study for other reasons, at the investigator's discretion with detailed documentation.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

N/A

Interventional model

Single Group Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

182 participants in 1 patient group

3HP
Other group
Description:
The interrupted time series design aims to collect data at multiple time points before (standard regimen) and after the introduction of the new 3HP regimen (interruption) to detect if a significant increase in the number of completions has occurred with the new regimen
Treatment:
Drug: 3HP

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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