Tele-Rehabilitation in Patients With Temporomandibular Dysfunction

U

University of Nove de Julho

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Temporomandibular Joint Disorders
Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome
Temporomandibular Disorder

Treatments

Other: manual therapy and therapy by exercise

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT05006963
Tele-Reabilitação em TMD

Details and patient eligibility

About

Temporomandibular disorder or TMD is characterized by a set of symptoms such as: pain, decreased range of motion and joint noise. It's origin is multifactorial, which may be related to biological aspects, environmental and psychosocial. The multimodal approach has been widely used in physiotherapy for the treatment of TMDs. Physiotherapy has been walking together with technology so that telerehabilitation can be a reality, contributing so that quality care reaches the patient, in the impossibility office-to-face service. The objective of this study is to verify the effect of telerehabilitation on pain outcomes, range of motion, functionality and biopsychosocial aspects in individuals with temporomandibular disorders. Will be a randomized, controlled and blinded clinical trial was carried out. The study will be divided into two moments: evaluation and intervention. Evaluations will be carried out using the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders: Clinical Protocol and Assessment Instruments (DC/TMD), the Fonseca Anamnesis Index (IAF), the Numerical Pain Scale (END) and the Functional Limitation Questionnaire (MFIQ). Individuals will be randomized into 2 groups: Group A (in person) Group B (telerehabilitation). Both groups will receive treatment physical therapy for 12 weeks. After collecting the data, they will be tabulated and analyzed using a 5% significance level.

Enrollment

50 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 60 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

  • Age between 18 and 60 years;
  • presence of pain in the facial region in the last 6 months;
  • diagnosis of myalgia, arthralgia, headache attributed to temporomandibular disfunction and/or subluxation temporomandibular joint.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Triple Blind

50 participants in 2 patient groups

face-to-face group
Experimental group
Description:
The patient will be submitted to multimodal treatment, twice a week, for twelve weeks, totaling 24 face-to-face consultations lasting 40 minutes each. In the first session, the patient will be explained what is TMD, what is the correct placement of the tongue and teeth, influence of parafunctional and sleep habits in TMD signs and symptoms.Techniques of manual therapy and therapy by exercise. In general, extra-oral and intraoral massage, myofascial release in the cranio-cervical musculature, mobilization of the hyoid bone and may also receive unspecific joint mobilization. Will be mouth opening exercise will be also performed with the tongue on the palate, proprioceptive exercises with hyperboloid. In addition to these, additional exercises may be performed, according to the patient's need. The conducts will be adapted according to the needs of each patient. The use of post its may be indicated to help maintain the correct posture of the tongue and jaw, as well as sleep hygiene.
Treatment:
Other: manual therapy and therapy by exercise
telerehabilitation
Active Comparator group
Description:
The patient will be submitted to multimodal treatment, twice a week, for twelve weeks, by telerehabilitation lasting 40 minutes each.A physiotherapist through video call via WhatsApp application. In the first session, the patient will be explained what is TMD, what is the correct placement of the tongue and teeth, influence of parafunctional and sleep habits in TMD signs and symptoms. Patients will be instructed to perform extra-oral and intra-oral self-massage and in the cranio-cervical musculature, bone mobilization hyoid, which would replace the mobilization unspecific articulation performed in person.Exercise will also be carried out mouth opening with tongue on the palate, exercises proprioceptives with hyperboloid. The conducts will be adapted according to the needs of each patient.The conducts will be adapted according to the needs of each patient.The use of post its may be indicated to help maintain the correct posture of the tongue and jaw, as well as sleep hygiene
Treatment:
Other: manual therapy and therapy by exercise

Trial contacts and locations

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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