Telmisartan-Induced Reduction in Intra-Myocellular Lipids Trial

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McMaster University

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Metabolic Syndrome X

Treatments

Drug: Telmisartan (Micardis®) vs. Placebo
Behavioral: Low-Glycemic Index Diet vs. Control Diet

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT00147264
BI Pharmaceuticals - 502.433
CIHR - 116099
502.433

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of this study is to determine whether telmisartan and/or a low-glycemic index diet are effective in reducing intra-myocellular lipid (muscle fat) content.

Full description

The metabolic syndrome currently affects over 20% of the adult population in Canada. Patients with abdominal obesity are at markedly increased risk for diabetes and heart disease. Recent studies have shown that decreased sensitivity to insulin (insulin resistance), a hallmark of the metabolic syndrome, is related to increased storage of fat in muscle cells (muscle fat). Several recent studies indicate that blocking the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) may improve insulin sensitivity and prevent the development of type 2 diabetes. Other data suggests that this effect may be due to the effect of RAS blockade on the recruitment and growth of adipose tissue. The primary aim of this study is therefore to explore the role of angiotensin II in the development of insulin resistance. Specifically, we will examine the mechanisms underlying the putative anti-diabetic effect of RAS blockade by examining the effect of angiotensin receptor blockade on muscle fat content in individuals with the abdominal obesity. This study will therefore test the hypothesis that treatment with the angiotensin receptor blocker telmisartan (Micardis®) will reduce muscle fat, thereby improving insulin sensitivity in people with abdominal obesity, with or without additional features of the metabolic syndrome. A number of dietary factors can also affect insulin sensitivity and may influence muscle fat. Recent studies suggest that increasing the content of low-glycemic foods (carbohydrates which are less easily digested), can improve insulin sensitivity and lipid profile in patients with insulin resistance. A second aim of this study is therefore to test the hypothesis that a low-glycemic diet will reduce muscle fat, thereby improving insulin sensitivity in this population.

Sex

All

Ages

30 to 70 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Written informed consent
  • Between 30 and 70 years of age

Abdominal obesity defined as increased waist circumference (Men >102cm (>40in), Women >88cm (>35in)), with or without any of the following additional criteria of the metabolic syndrome:

  • Triglycerides >=1.7mmol/L (>=150 mg/dL and/or on prescribed lipid lowering medication for > 3 months)
  • HDL cholesterol
  • Men <1.0 mmol/L (<40 mg/dL)
  • Women <1.3 mmol/L (<50 mg/dL)
  • Blood pressure >=130 and/or >=85 mmHg and/or on anti-hypertensive therapy (except ACE-I or ARB)
  • Fasting glucose >=6.1 mmol/L (>=110 mg/dL)
  • Ability and willingness to complete dietary and activity diaries and questionnaires.

Exclusion criteria

  • Participant has taken ACE inhibitor or ARB in the last 3 months, or in the opinion of the study physician currently has indication for either of these medications
  • Concurrent antidiabetic medication
  • Use of systemic glucocorticosteroids (topical and inhaled are acceptable)
  • On lipid-lowering medication and NOT on stable dose for the last three months

If the participant has any one or more of the following medical disorders:

  • diabetes mellitus and/or FBG >=7.0 mmol/L on two separate occasions within the screening period
  • uncontrolled hypertension (SBP >=160 mmHg and/or DBP >=100 mmHg) or known participants with secondary causes of hypertension
  • biliary obstruction
  • hepatic dysfunction as defined by SGPT (ALT) > 3 times the upper limit of normal range
  • renal dysfunction as defined by serum creatinine > 130umol/L AND/OR proteinuria 1+ or greater (dipstick)
  • serum triglycerides >10 mmol/L
  • history of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, hemodynamically relevant stenosis of the aortic or mitral valve
  • sodium depletion or hyperkalemia.
  • uncorrected volume depletion
  • endocrine disorder (e.g. hyperthyroidism, Cushing's syndrome, acromegaly, etc.) Participants on thyroid-replacement therapy and TSH < 5.0 mU/L may be enrolled in the study.
  • contraindications to study diet
  • any major surgery that is, at the time of screening, planned to take place during the study period.
  • previously angioedema with ACE Inhibitor or ARB or known hypersensitivity to any component of the study drug formulations (e.g. hereditary fructose intolerance)
  • history of drug or alcohol dependency within six months prior to signing the informed consent form.
  • history of active malignancy, chronic inflammatory disorder, or chronic infections which would interfere with protocol completion.
  • any other medical, social or geographic condition, which, in the opinion of the investigator would not allow safe completion of the protocol and/or safe administration of trial medication
  • If the participant has any contraindications to MRI

Pre-menopausal women (last menstruation >=1 year prior to consent) who:

  • are not surgically sterile or
  • are nursing, or pregnant, or
  • are of child-bearing potential and are NOT practicing acceptable methods of birth control, or do NOT plan to continue practicing an acceptable method throughout the study, AND do not agree to periodic pregnancy testing during participation in the study.
  • Intention to go on weight - reducing medications or weight-loss diets during the study period
  • Significant fluctuations in weight over past 3 months(e.g. >10%)
  • Household member currently in study
  • Any investigational drug therapy within one month of signing the informed consent form.
  • Participant has knowledge that he/she will be unable to consume study foods for >2 weeks during treatment phase of study
  • <70% compliant during run-in
  • Unable to reduce total fat consumption to <40% and/or reduce saturated fat consumption to <15% during run-in

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Factorial Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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