The Diabetes and Aquatic Training Study (DATS)

H

Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre

Status

Completed

Conditions

Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2

Treatments

Other: Training placebo
Other: Aerobic training
Other: Combined training

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02612805
15-0380

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study evaluates the effects of the combined exercise training (aerobic more resistance) and of the aerobic exercise training isolated compared to control group, which performed only stretching and relaxation, in the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The two exercise interventions and the control procedure are performed in aquatic environment.

Full description

The fact that aquatic training can provide similar benefits to land training has important clinical implications, because the aquatic environment provides some interesting advantages to this population, such as no impact on walking and running in deep water or reduced, as in water-based exercises. This minor impact and consequent reduced chance of injury allows consider the aquatic environment favorable to the principle of continuity with progression of physiological stimuli and metabolic benefits. From these peculiarities of the training in aquatic environment, and of the association between T2DM with obesity and hypertension, conditions that create difficulties for individuals performing exercise supporting their own body mass and need both benefits from aerobic and resistance training, is believed to be necessary to carry out physical training programs of the same duration, differing in training mode (aerobic or combined) in the aquatic environment in order to answer of in a adequated duration of training, the diabetes control through training differs between the different mode of exercise.

Enrollment

60 patients

Sex

All

Ages

30 to 75 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Type 2 diabetes;
  • Be under medical treatment with oral hypoglycemic agents and / or insulin;
  • Not engaged in regular exercise (regular exercise was defined as performing any type of physical training for at least 20 minutes three or more days a week).

Exclusion criteria

  • Severe autonomic neuropathy;
  • Severe nonproliferative and proliferative diabetic retinopathy;
  • Decompensated heart failure;
  • Limb amputations;
  • Severe foot injuries;
  • Chronic renal failure (Modification Diet in Renal Disease-MDRD, Glomerular Filtration Rate-GFR < 30 ml/min);
  • Body mass index (BMI) > 45.0 kg/m2;
  • Any muscle or joint impairment which prevented individuals from engaging in physical exercise.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

60 participants in 3 patient groups, including a placebo group

Aerobic training group
Experimental group
Description:
This group perform aerobic hydrogymnastics.
Treatment:
Other: Aerobic training
Combined training group
Active Comparator group
Description:
This group perform combined hydrogymnastics.
Treatment:
Other: Combined training
Training placebo
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
This group perform stretching and relaxation in aquatic environment.
Treatment:
Other: Training placebo

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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