The Dose Response of Calcium Co-ingested With Protein on GLP-1 Concentrations (PROCAL)

U

University of Bath

Status

Completed

Conditions

GLP-1 Concentration

Treatments

Dietary Supplement: Dose response of Capolac®

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
Industry

Identifiers

NCT03819972
PROCAL-JW

Details and patient eligibility

About

Hormones that are produced by our stomach and intestines play a role in regulating our appetite and health. One of the most important hormones is called GLP-1. The food we eat influences the release of this hormone and evidence suggests that protein and calcium are key nutrients that stimulate the secretion of GLP-1. We want to know if there is a dose related response by increasing the amount of calcium ingested with a constant amount of protein on the release of this hormone. We hypothesise that with increasing calcium dose we will see an increase in GLP-1 concentrations in a curvilinear pattern. This may have benefits for prescribing an optimal dose of calcium for weight maintenance and health.

Full description

Recent work at the University of Bath has shown that when ingested with 50 g whey protein hydrolysate, Capolac® (milk minerals high in calcium) potently stimulates availability of the important hormone glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). However, it is currently unknown as to whether there is a dose dependent response to calcium co-ingestion with protein. Therefore we aim to perform a study on the effect of co-ingesting different doses of Capolac® with 25 g whey protein hydrolysate on GLP-1 availability. This project will help identify the calcium dose required with a moderate amount of protein to optimise GLP-1 availability and also provide insight into whether this may affect food intake and appetite. Twenty metabolically healthy men and women, age 18-65 years, BMI between 25 and 34.9 kg/m2 will be recruited to participate in a randomised crossover study. Each participant will undergo 4 trials. Each trial will last ~4 hours and will be separated by a minimum of 48h: CONTROL - 25 g whey protein hydrolysate (227 mg of total calcium ingested) DOSE 1 - 25 g whey protein hydrolysate + 3179 mg Capolac (984 mg of total calcium ingested) DOSE 2 - 25 g whey protein hydrolysate + 6363 mg Capolac (1742 mg of total calcium ingested) DOSE 3 - 25 g whey protein hydrolysate + 9547 mg Capolac (2500 mg of total calcium ingested) Each of these drinks will also contain 500 mL of water and low calorie sweetener (80 mg sucralose). Participants will be asked to arrive to the laboratory between 08:00 and 9:00 am after not eating for between 10-14 hours i.e. in a fasted state (water intake is permitted and encouraged). Upon arrival at the laboratory a trained phlebotomist staff member will insert a cannula (a small plastic tube) into a vein in the back of the hand. Participants will then be given one of the four test drinks, which once ingested will initiate the trial. Just after the ingestion of the test drink we will ask you to fill out a palatability scale. Blood samples will be taken at baseline, and at 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120 and 180 minutes after ingestion of the test drink. An appetite questionnaire will also be completed at baseline and every 60 minutes after ingestion of the test drink to assess appetite sensations. After the 180-minute time point participants will be asked to consume a lunch meal until they are comfortably full. Once satisfied with the lunch meal they will fill out the final appetite questionnaire. The trial day will then be complete. Following study completion participants will be asked to complete a restrained eating questionnaire.

Enrollment

18 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 65 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Body mass index 25.0-34.9 kg∙m-2
  • Age 18-65 years
  • Able and willing to provide informed consent and safely comply with study procedures
  • Females to maintain record of regular menstrual cycle phase or contraceptive use
  • No anticipated changes in diet/physical activity during the study (e.g. holidays or diet plans)

Exclusion criteria

  • Allergies or adverse reactions to calcium or milk proteins.
  • Contradictions to a high intake of calcium e.g. history of kidney stones
  • Any reported condition or behaviour deemed either to pose undue personal risk to the participant or introduce bias
  • Any diagnosed metabolic disease (e.g. type 1 or type 2 diabetes)
  • Any reported use of substances which may pose undue personal risk to the participants or introduce bias into the experiment
  • Lifestyle not conforming to standard sleep-wake cycle (e.g. shift worker)
  • Any reported recent (<6 months) change in body mass (± 3%)

Trial design

Primary purpose

Basic Science

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Crossover Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

18 participants in 4 patient groups, including a placebo group

Control
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Participants will ingest a drink containing 25 g whey protein hydrolysate (227 mg of total calcium ingested)
Treatment:
Dietary Supplement: Dose response of Capolac®
Dose 1
Active Comparator group
Description:
Participants will ingest a drink containing 25 g whey protein hydrolysate and 3179 mg Capolac (984 mg of total calcium ingested)
Treatment:
Dietary Supplement: Dose response of Capolac®
Dose 2
Active Comparator group
Description:
Participants will ingest a drink containing 25 g whey protein hydrolysate and 6363 mg Capolac (1742 mg of total calcium ingested)
Treatment:
Dietary Supplement: Dose response of Capolac®
Dose 3
Active Comparator group
Description:
Participants will ingest a drink containing 25 g whey protein hydrolysate and 9547 mg Capolac (2500 mg of total calcium ingested)
Treatment:
Dietary Supplement: Dose response of Capolac®

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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