The Early Reversibility of Rocuronium After Different Doses of Neostigmine

N

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 4

Conditions

Paralysis

Treatments

Drug: neostigmine

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

NIH

Identifiers

NCT00001520
960122
96-CC-0122

Details and patient eligibility

About

Neuromuscular blocking agents are commonly used to facilitate endotracheal intubation. Succinylcholine, an ultra short-acting, depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent, is the most commonly used agent for paralysis in this setting because of its rapid onset and short duration of paralysis. In patients with contraindications to succinylcholine or in whom a difficult airway is anticipated, a neuromuscular blocking agent with a pharmacodynamic profile similar to succinylcholine would be an attractive alternative. Rocuronium, a new intermediate-acting nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent produces paralysis within 60 seconds, similar to succinylcholine, but has a duration of paralysis of approximately 20 to 30 minutes. If rocuronium-induced paralysis could be chemically reversed within 10 to 15 minutes after the administration of an intubating dose, it may be an appropriate alternative in patients with contraindications to succinylcholine or in patients whom a difficult airway is anticipated. Neostigmine is an anticholinesterase agent which inhibits the hydrolysis of acetylcholine by competing with acetylcholine for attachment to acetylcholinesterase. Inhibition of the breakdown of acetylcholine allows the neurotransmitter to be present in the neuromuscular junction for a longer period of time, so that each molecule can bind repeatedly with the acetylcholine receptor. The purpose of this study is to determine the dose of neostigmine necessary for the early reversal of rocuronium-induced paralysis.

Full description

Neuromuscular blocking agents are commonly used to facilitate endotracheal intubation. Succinylcholine, an ultra short-acting, depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent, is the most commonly used agent for paralysis in this setting because of its rapid onset and short duration of paralysis. In patients with contraindications to succinylcholine or in whom a difficult airway is anticipated, a neuromuscular blocking agent with a pharmacodynamic profile similar to succinylcholine would be an attractive alternative. Rocuronium, a new intermediate-acting nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent produces paralysis within 60 seconds, similar to succinylcholine, but has a duration of paralysis of approximately 20 to 30 minutes. If rocuronium-induced paralysis could be chemically reversed within 10 to 15 minutes after the administration of an intubating dose, it may be an appropriate alternative in patients with contraindications to succinylcholine or in patients whom a difficult airway is anticipated. Neostigmine is an anticholinesterase agent which inhibits the hydrolysis of acetylcholine by competing with acetylcholine for attachment to acetylcholinesterase. Inhibition of the breakdown of acetylcholine allows the neurotransmitter to be present in the neuromuscular junction for a longer period of time, so that each molecule can bind repeatedly with the acetylcholine receptor. The purpose of this study is to determine the dose of neostigmine necessary for the early reversal of rocuronium-induced paralysis.

Sex

All

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

American Society of Anethesiology Class I-III adult patients undergoing elective surgery requiring neuromuscular blockage for endotracheal intubation.

No pre-existing renal or hepatic disease, Myasthenia-Gravis, Eaton-Lambert Disease, pregnancy, concurrent anticonvulsant therapy, history of hypersensitivity to rocuronium, neostigmine, or glycopyrrolate.

Trial contacts and locations

1

Loading...

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

Clinical trials

Find clinical trialsTrials by location
© Copyright 2024 Veeva Systems