The Effect of a Planning Prompt on Seasonal Influenza Vaccination Rates

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University of Pennsylvania

Status

Completed

Conditions

Seasonal Influenza

Treatments

Behavioral: Control Condition
Behavioral: Planning Prompt

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01207232
810589-1

Details and patient eligibility

About

The investigators conducted a 3-arm randomized controlled trial to test whether a low-cost planning intervention could increase influence vaccination rates.

Full description

Seasonal influenza causes 20,000 hospitalizations and 36,000 deaths in the U.S. each year. Past psychology research has demonstrated that prompting people to form an implementation plan of the form, "When situation x arises, I will implement response y," increases attainment of desired goals because the desired behavior is linked to a concrete future moment. This type of planning prompt is a "nudge" in the direction of desired behavior that can be implemented at minimal expense and does not restrict individual autonomy. We conducted a 3-arm randomized controlled trial to test whether a low-cost planning intervention could increase influence vaccination rates. We show that planning prompts can be successfully applied to improve health behaviors.

Enrollment

3,272 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Vaccine indications according to fall 2009 CDC criteria (age >= 50 or chronic disease
  • Employee at partner corporation that implemented the study

Exclusion criteria

None

Trial design

3,272 participants in 3 patient groups

Time Plan Condition
Experimental group
Description:
A basic reminder mailing prompted each subject to write down a planned date and time for getting their flu shot.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Planning Prompt
Date Plan Condition
Experimental group
Description:
A basic reminder mailing prompted each subject to write down a planned date for getting their flu shot.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Planning Prompt
Control Condition
Active Comparator group
Description:
A basic reminder mailing prompted each subject to receive a flu shot.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Control Condition

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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