The Effect of an Intervention Based on Implicit Theories of Personality on the Prevention of Adolescent Dating Violence

U

University of Deusto

Status

Completed

Conditions

Dating Violence

Treatments

Behavioral: Incremental theory of personality
Other: Educational Intervention

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03583645
PI_2016_1_0023

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study evaluates the efficacy of an intervention based on the Implicit Theories of Personality (ITP) to prevent dating violence in Spanish adolescents. Half of participants received the ITP intervention, while the other half received an educational intervention.

Full description

Intimate partner violence is a problem arising in adolescence, which causes severe suffering. Since the first romantic relationships are established during adolescence, implementation of preventive interventions during this developmental stage opens a window of opportunity for the prevention of partner aggression. Previous prevention programs have shown efficacy in modifying cognitions and attitudes related to dating violence, although behavioral changes have been reported in very few cases. Recent innovative brief interventions based on changing entity theories of personality (i.e., the belief that people cannot change and personal characteristics are fixed; Miu & Yeager, 2015) have provided good results for preventing depression and other behavioral problems in adolescents. Therefore, the principal aim of this study is to examine whether a brief one-hour intervention based on promoting the idea that people can change shows efficacy in the prevention of perpetration and victimization of dating aggressive behaviors (both online -cyber dating abuse- and traditional -face-to-face dating aggression-) in adolescents. Additionally, other objective of the project is to examine whether gender moderates the effects of the intervention in changes in dating violence. The study involves the evaluation of the intervention in a sample of around 400 adolescents (13-18 years), randomly allocated to experimental and control conditions. It is a field experiment conducted in high schools and involves multiple measures over time (self-reports and parent reports). In summary, the project aims to respond to the challenge of health and wellness in the population through a randomized controlled trial with multiple sources of measure and from a biopsychosocial perspective. The ITP intervention has the potential to become a universal intervention to help reduce the rates of adolescent dating violence.

Enrollment

402 patients

Sex

All

Ages

13 to 18 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Informed consent by the adolescents and their parents.
  • To be fluent in Spanish.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

402 participants in 2 patient groups

Incremental theory of personality
Experimental group
Description:
1 hour behavioral intervention (based on ITP) consisting on several tasks to be completed on paper individually.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Incremental theory of personality
Educational intervention
Other group
Description:
1 hour educational intervention (about the human brain) consisting on several tasks to be completed on paper individually.
Treatment:
Other: Educational Intervention

Trial documents
2

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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