The Effect of Antacids and Multivitamins on Raltegravir

H

Helen Reynolds

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 1

Conditions

HIV

Treatments

Dietary Supplement: Multivitamins
Drug: Raltegravir 400 mg
Dietary Supplement: Sodium bicarbonate
Drug: Maalox Plus extra

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT01784302
4347

Details and patient eligibility

About

This study seeks to address the question of whether antacids or multivitamins influence the pharmacokinetics of raltegravir when co-administered. The aim of this study is to optimise the dosing of raltegravir when co-administered with antacids or multivitamins.

Enrollment

15 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 60 years old

Volunteers

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • The ability to understand and sign a written informed consent form, prior to participation in any screening procedures and must be willing to comply with all study requirements.
  • ≥ 18 years
  • Male or female subjects
  • A female may be eligible to enter and participate in the study if she:
  • Is of non-child-bearing potential defined as ether post-menopausal (12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea and ≥ 45 years of age)or physically incapable of becoming pregnant with documented tubal ligation, hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy or
  • Is of child-bearing potential with a negative pregnancy test at screening and agrees to use one of the following methods of contraception to avoid pregnancy
  • Complete abstinence from intercourse from 2 weeks prior to administration of IP, throughout the study and for at least 4 weeks after discontinuation of all study medication
  • Double barrier method (male condom/spermicide, male condom/diaphragm, diaphragm/spermicide)
  • Any intrauterine device (IUD) with published data showing that the expected failure rate is < 1 % per year
  • Any other method with published data showing that the expected failure rate is < 1 % per year
  • Hormonal contraception plus a barrier method. Hormonal contraception alone will not be considered adequate for inclusion into or participation in this study
  • Male subjects with a female partner of childbearing potential must agree to use effective contraception as above unless vasectomized
  • All subjects participating in the study will be counseled on safer sexual practices including the use of effective barrier methods (e.g. male condom)

Exclusion criteria

  • Any significant acute or chronic medical condition
  • Pregnant or lactating women
  • Women of childbearing age unless using non hormonal contraception
  • Evidence of organ dysfunction or any clinically significant deviation from normal during screening including laboratory determinations
  • Abnormal LFTs (ALT > 2.5 x ULN, bilirubin > 1.5 x ULN)
  • Positive blood screen for HIV-1 and 2 antibodies
  • Positive blood screen for hepatitis B or C antibodies
  • Current or recent (within 3 months) gastrointestinal disease
  • Clinically relevant alcohol or drug use or history of alcohol or drug use that will hinder compliance with treatment, follow up procedures or evaluation of adverse effects
  • Use of proton pump inhibitors
  • Exposure to any investigational drug or placebo within 4 weeks of first dose of study drug
  • Consumption of grapefruit and oranges or products containing grapefruit or oranges within 1 week of first study drug and for the duration of the study
  • Use of any other drugs including over-the-counter medications and herbal preparations, within 2 weeks prior to first dose of study drug
  • Previous allergy to any of the constituents of the pharmaceuticals in this trial

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

15 participants in 3 patient groups

Maalox Plus extra
Active Comparator group
Description:
Subjects will receive doses of raltegravir 400 mg and maalox plus extra
Treatment:
Drug: Maalox Plus extra
Drug: Raltegravir 400 mg
Multivitamin
Active Comparator group
Description:
Subjects will receive doses of raltegravir 400 mg along with a multivitamin tablet
Treatment:
Drug: Raltegravir 400 mg
Dietary Supplement: Multivitamins
Sodium bicarbonate
Active Comparator group
Description:
Subjects will receive doses of raltegravir 400 mg along with sodium bicarbonate
Treatment:
Dietary Supplement: Sodium bicarbonate
Drug: Raltegravir 400 mg

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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