The Effect of Donepezil in Radiotherapy-related Cognitive Impairment.

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Sun Yat-sen University

Status and phase

Unknown
Phase 2

Conditions

Radiation Injuries
Cognitive Impairment

Treatments

Drug: Donepezil Hydrochloride
Other: Placebo

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03907371
2019002

Details and patient eligibility

About

Purpose: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial aims to evaluate the therapeutic effects of donepezil in radiotherapy-related cognitive impairment. Further study details as provided by Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University / Yameitang. Primary outcome measure: cognitive improvement, which is determined by the difference value of ADAS-cog score before and after the treatment of donepezil.

Full description

Application of radiotherapy to patients with head and neck cancer is a mainstay treatment in contemporary oncology practice. However, patients who received radiation are vulnerable to development of cognitive impairment. There is no acknowledged and effective standard treatment for radiotherapy-related cognitive impairment. The investigators supposed that donepezil, as a cholinesterase inhibitor, would relieve radiotherapy-related cognitive impairment after head and neck cancer, and would improve the life quality for these patients and their families. Primary objectives: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial aims to evaluate the efficacy of donepezil on cognition in radiotherapy-related cognitive impairment. Secondary objectives: To evaluate the effect of donepezil on sleep disorder, mood disorder, activities of daily living, and safety in patients with radiotherapy-related cognitive impairment. OUTLINE: This is randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Patients will be enrolled and administrated with donepezil or placebo. Donepezil will be supplied as 10 mg per pill to be taken by mouth. Placebo will be supplied as substitute of 10 mg donepezil per pill to be taken by mouth. Patients will be screened, consented, enrolled and have a washout period for 6 weeks. Then these patients will be randomized to two arms. Arm І: Patients receive donepezil with a dosage of 5 milligram at 8 am for one week (Week 1), then 10 milligram at 8 am for 23 weeks (Week 2-24), in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or severe deterioration. Arm ІI: Patients receive placebo with a dosage of one half pill at 8 am for one week (Week 1), then one pill at 8 am for 23 weeks (Week 2-24), in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or severe deterioration.

Enrollment

238 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

35 to 60 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • (1) Received radiation therapy due to head and neck cancer.
  • (2) Prior irradiation ≥ 1.5 years and ≤ 6 years.
  • (3) Age>/= 35 years and age</=60.
  • (4) Estimated life expectancy ≥ 12 months.
  • (5) Cognitive impairment ≥ 4 weeks, with MMSE total score ≤26, or MoCA total score ≤ 25.
  • (6) Routine laboratory studies: normal bilirubin, normal aspartate aminotransferase (AST or SGOT), normal alanine aminotransferase (ALT), normal creatinine, normal white-cell count; normal neutrophils count, normal platelets count; Hb >/=110 gram per millilitres; PT, APTT, INR in a normal range.
  • (7) Constant caregivers who well understand and have willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion criteria

  • (1) evidence of tumor metastasis, recurrence, or invasion;
  • (2) evidence of very high intracranial pressure that suggests brain hernia and need surgery;
  • (3) previous treatment with donepezil or other medications for cognitive impairment;
  • (4) history of mental disorders, epilepsy, cognitive impairment before radiotherapy;
  • (5) history of stroke, or high risk of vascular dementia;
  • (6) family history of Alzheimer's disease, Pick's disease, etc.;
  • (7) history of severe head trauma;
  • (8) clinically significant active disease, e.g. New York Heart Association Grade II or greater congestive heart failure, serious and inadequately controlled cardiac arrhythmia, bradycardia, significant vascular disease, severe infection;
  • (9) history of allergy to relevant drugs;
  • (10) pregnancy, lactation, or fertility program in the following 12 months;
  • (11) participation in other experimental studies.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Quadruple Blind

238 participants in 2 patient groups, including a placebo group

Donepezil
Experimental group
Description:
Patients receive donepezil with a dosage of 5 milligram at 8 am for one week (Week 1), then 10 milligram at 8 am for 23 weeks (Week 2-24), in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or severe deterioration.
Treatment:
Drug: Donepezil Hydrochloride
Control
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Patients receive placebo with a dosage of one half pill at 8 am for one week (Week 1), then one pill at 8 am for 23 weeks (Week 2-24), in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or severe deterioration.
Treatment:
Other: Placebo

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Central trial contact

Yi Li, M.D.; Yamei Tang, M.D.

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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