The Effect of Dynamic Elastomeric Fabric Orthosis (DEFO) on Sitting Balance and Gross Manuel Dexterity in Cerebral Palsy

M

Marmara University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Cerebral Palsy
Postural; Defect

Treatments

Device: SPIO
Other: conventional exercises

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT03191552
09.2013.0351

Details and patient eligibility

About

To evaluate the effects and feasibility of lycra based compression garment called Stabilizing Pressure Input Orthosis (SPIO) vest on posture and balance during sitting and gross manuel dexterity, parent satisfaction with the garment and to to compare 2 hours vs 6 hours of daily wear time.

Full description

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a disorder of development of movement and posture due to non-progressive lesion in fetal or infant brain. Postural control in children with cerebral palsy (CP) is deteriorated due to inappropriate muscle force and lack of sensory integration. The trunk which is found in the centre of the body plays a crucial role in postural control. Research and treatments in CP have focused on extremities rather than trunk control. Both evaluation and treatment of trunk impairment have not been adequately addressed in previously published studies. Improved proximal stability obtained by a better trunk control may lead to improvements in upper extremity function. Dynamic elastomeric fabric orthosis (DEFO) which are lycra based compression garments provide extra proprioceptive information which enhances body awareness. The more correct proprioceptive input result in the more proper alignment. Vest type dynamic elastomeric fabric orthosis (DEFO) is composed of a front part which is compromised of double-or triple-layer of lycra fabric attached to velcro sensitive neoprene back panel. Thus, it provides adjustable compression around the shoulder, trunk, pelvis, and hips. It is proposed that these orthotic garments provides stabilization of the trunk, shoulder and pelvis girdle and thus improve proximal stability and upper extremity function. Children with sensory deficits and poor muscle strength including children with neuromotor developmental disorders and hypotonia can benefit from the use of vest type dynamic elastomeric fabric orthosis. Severe restricted pulmonary function and refractory cyanosis are absolute contraindications for lycra based orthosis use while having severe reflux symptoms, uncontrolled epilepsy, cardiovascular circulatory disorders and being diagnosed with diabetes are relative contraindications. The adverse events pertaining to the use of these orthoses are difficulty in donning/doffing, toileting problems such as constipation and urinary leakage, decrease in respiratory function, heat and skin discomfort. Due to those unwanted effects, it can be assumed that longer wear time of the orthosis may lower compliance. However, the optimal wear time for vest type dynamic elastomeric fabric orthosis has not been established so far. The reported wear time of suit therapies range from 2 to12 hours a day during 2-12 weeks. The aim of this study was to investigate if the use of a vest type dynamic elastomeric fabric orthosis (DEFO) vest type dynamic elastomeric fabric orthosis is feasible or not and will lead to improvement in sitting balance, sitting as a gross motor function and gross manuel dexterity. The secondary purposes of the present study are to evaluate parent satisfaction with the orthosis and to compare 2 hours vs 6 hours of daily wear time.

Enrollment

26 patients

Sex

All

Ages

3 to 12 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • being classified at Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level III-IV
  • being classified at Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) level III-IV
  • being able to understand and execute given instructions for evaluations
  • parental acceptance of using the lycra based compression garment.

Exclusion criteria

  • serious respiratory restriction
  • having refractory cyanosis or circulatory disorder
  • having undergone lycra compression orthosis treatment programme previously
  • having undergone botulinum toxin injection within last 3 months or orthopedic surgery within 1 year
  • severe scoliosis (Cobb angle (CA) >40°)
  • uncontrolled epilepsy
  • having intrathecal baclofen pump
  • having undergone selective dorsal rhizotomy
  • having reflux more than 3 times a week.

Trial design

26 participants in 3 patient groups

SPIO 2 hours
Experimental group
Description:
All children will be hospitalized for 2 weeks and will receive conventional exercise therapy including range of motion, strengthening, trunk control and strengthening exercises and exercises to improve fine and gross motor skills during hospital inpatient stay throughout 2 weeks 2 hours a day. SPIO 2 hours group will receive conventional exercise therapy with the garment on for 2 hours.
Treatment:
Other: conventional exercises
Device: SPIO
SPIO 6 hours
Experimental group
Description:
SPIO 6 hours group will receive conventional exercise therapy with the garment on for 2 hours and worn SPIO 4 hours more in addition to 2 hour of wear during exercise therapy.
Treatment:
Other: conventional exercises
Device: SPIO
Control(conventional exercises)
Active Comparator group
Description:
Control group will only receive conventional exercise therapy (for two hours a day) including range of motion, strengthening, trunk control and strengthening exercises and exercises to improve fine and gross motor skills during hospital inpatient stay throughout 2 weeks
Treatment:
Other: conventional exercises

Trial documents
3

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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