The Effect of Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition Training

S

Sinop University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Enteral Nutrition
Parenteral Nutrition
Nursing Care

Treatments

Behavioral: Assigned intervention

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06234163
SINOPU-elif 1

Details and patient eligibility

About

Malnutrition is considered as a deficiency of energy, protein or other nutrients. Malnutrition is a big problem for surgical patients. Various physiological problems may occur in patients with inadequate or malnutrition, such as prolonged wound healing time, decreased muscle strength and deterioration in immune system functions. It is recommended to start oral nutrition in the early postoperative period. In cases where the oral route is not preferred, enteral and parenteral nutritional support should be provided to the patient continuously or intermittently. Failure to identify individuals at risk of malnutrition means delaying the nutritional support the patient needs. Close observations and evaluations made by nurses during the day can ensure early diagnosis of the patient at risk of malnutrition and receive the necessary nutritional support. In order for nurses to fulfill their duties regarding nutritional care, they must have sufficient knowledge and skills on the subject and perceive the importance of nutritional care for patients. "Care" forms the basis of nursing. The interaction between patient and nurse affects the process and quality of care. Care behaviors include some basic skills such as listening carefully to the patient by making eye contact, empathy, demonsrating professional knowledge and skills, taking responsibility for the patient, and being accessible. In order to increase the quality of nursing care given to patients, it is necessary to provide evidence-based care and ensure that the care given is compatible with the values and expectations of the patients. For these reasons, this study aimed to examine the effect of enteral and parenteral nutrition (EPN) training on the knowledge level and care behaviors of surgical nurses regarding nutritional care.

Full description

Sample Size and Statistical Methods: The population of the research will consist of 199 nurses working in the surgical services and surgical intensive care units of Samsun 19 Mayıs University Faculty of Medicine Hospital between February 2024 and May 2024. The sample will consist of a total of 70 nurses (experiment = 35, control = 35) who meet the inclusion criteria for the study between the same dates. For the intervention and control groups; sampling criteria; Working as a nurse in a surgical ward or surgical intensive care unit and volunteering to participate in the study were defined as being eligible. Power analysis was performed to determine the number of people to be included in the study. The power of the test was calculated with the G*Power 3.1 program. As a similar study in the relevant literature, in the research conducted by Düdener (2019), the effect size regarding the difference in care behaviors was calculated as 0.647. In order to exceed the 95% value in determining the power of the study; At the 5% significance level and 0.615 effect size, 56 people, 28 people in the groups, need to be reached (df=27; t=1.703). In the research, it was aimed to reach a total of 70 people, 35 people in the groups, considering the high power of the test and the losses. Nutrition Education Group "Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition Training", prepared based on the literature, has been given to the nurses in the experimental group. The content of the training guide has been sent to ten experts in the field and content validity will be made. Enteral and parenteral nutrition training has been given face to face, in 15-20 minutes, using verbal presentation and written materials (brochures). "Descriptive Survey Form" will be applied to the experimental group (n=35) at the beginning of the research. Other measurement tools, "Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition Care Knowledge Test" and "Care Behavior Scale-24 (BDI-24)" hasbeen applied three times: before the training, within one or two days after the training and three weeks after the training. Control group: No intervention has been made to the nurses in the control group (n = 35). In-service training is provided to nurses in this group in the clinic. After the study is completed, written material (brochure) has been given to the nurses in the control group."Descriptive Survey Form" will be applied at the beginning of the study. Other measurement tools, "Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition Care Knowledge Test" and "Care Behavior Scale-24 (BDI-24)" has been applied three times as pre-test, post-test and follow-up test (three weeks later). Data Collection Tools "Descriptive Survey Form", "Care Behavior Scale-24 (BDI-24)" and "Knowledge Test on Enteral and Parenteral Nutritional Care" developed by the researchers were used to collect data in the study. The Knowledge Test on Enteral and Parenteral Nutritional Care was sent to ten experts along with the training guide to ensure content validity.

Enrollment

70 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Having the title of nurse
  • Working in a surgical ward or surgical intensive care unit
  • Volunteering to participate in the study

Exclusion criteria

• filling out forms incompletely

Trial design

Primary purpose

Health Services Research

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

70 participants in 2 patient groups

Control Group
No Intervention group
Description:
No intervention was made to the nurses in the control group (n = 35). In-service training is provided to nurses in this group in the clinic. After the study is completed, written material (brochure) was given to the nurses in the control group."Descriptive Survey Form" was applied at the beginning of the study. Other measurement tools, "Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition Care Knowledge Test" and "Care Behavior Scale-24 (BDI-24)" were applied three times as pre-test, post-test and follow-up test (three weeks later).
Nutrition education group
Experimental group
Description:
It was planned to give "Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition Training" to the nurses in the experimental group, based on the literature. The content of the training guide was sent to ten experts in the field and content validity was made. Enteral and parenteral nutrition training was given face to face, in 15-20 minutes, using verbal presentation and written materials (brochures). "Descriptive Survey Form" was applied to the experimental group (n=35) at the beginning of the research. Other measurement tools, "Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition Care Knowledge Test" and "Care Behavior Scale-24 (BDI-24)" were administered three times: before the training, within one or two days of the training and three weeks after the training.
Treatment:
Behavioral: Assigned intervention

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Elif ALTINKAYNAK SARAL, PhD; Elif GEZGİNCİ, PhD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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