The Effect Of Face-To-Face and Online-Education Provided To İndividuals With Atrial Fibrillation On Medication Adherence and Satisfaction

C

Cumhuriyet University

Status

Completed

Conditions

Atrial Fibrillation

Treatments

Other: Online education
Other: Face-to-face education

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT06233721
CUharun

Details and patient eligibility

About

This randomized controlled study was conducted to investigate the effects of face-to-face Education and tele-education given to individuals with atrial fibrillation taking oral Anticoagulants on their medication compliance and satisfaction levels. The study sample comprised 150 individuals. Of them, 50 were assigned to the control Group, 50 in the experimental group 1, and 50 for the experimental group 2. Data were collected by the Descriptive Information Form, Medication Compliance Notification Scale and Duke Anticoagulant Satisfaction Scale. The Intervention Group 1 Was given face-to-face education. The Intervention Group 2 was given tele-education. The control group underwent no intervention.

Full description

This randomized controlled study was conducted to investigate effects of face-to-face education and tele-education given to individuals with atrial fibrillation taking oral anticoagulants on their medication compliance and satisfaction levels. The study sample comprised 150 individuals. Of them, 50 were assigned to the control group, 50 to the experimental group 1, and 50 to the experimental group 2. Data were collected with the Descriptive Information Form, Medication Compliance Notification Scale and Duke Anticoagulant Satisfaction Scale. The Intervention Group 1 was given face-to-face education. The Intervention Group 2 was given tele-education. The control group underwent no intervention. The scales were administered to all the groups twice, at the first and last interviews. Frequency, percentage calculation, Chi-square test, significance test between two means, one-way analysis of variance, Wilcoxon sign test, Fisher test, Bonferroni test and dependent groups t test were used in the analysis of data. The intra-group analysis demonstrated that the Medication Compliance Notification Scale score of the intervention group 1 (face-to-face education group) increased significantly in the final measurement compared to those of the control group and intervention group 2 (tele-education group) (p=.000). The inter-group analysis demonstrated that Duke Anticoagulant Satisfaction Scale scores of the three groups statistically significantly different. The difference stemmed from the intervention group 1. Face-to-face education given to individuals with atrial fibrillation on oral anticoagulants improved their medication compliance and medication satisfaction levels. Nurses should primarily use face-to-face education in the care and education programs of individuals with atrial fibrillation.

Enrollment

150 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • 18 years and over
  • Diagnosed with Atrial fibrillation (AF) for at least a year
  • Had been using oral anticoagulant (OACs) for at least 3 months
  • Had a smart phone
  • Had not previously taken any training on oral anticoagulant medication treatment

Exclusion criteria

  • The individuals who had disorders that would affect training and experienced complications such as active hemorrhage related to oral anticoagulant use

Trial design

Primary purpose

Supportive Care

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

150 participants in 3 patient groups

Control group
No Intervention group
Description:
Identifying Information Form (IIF), Medication Adherence Report Scale (MARS), and Duke Anticoagulation Satisfaction Scale (DASS) were applied to the control group two times, once in the first interview and once in the interview held a month later. The control group was not provided with education. In line with ethical principles, education and education booklet was provided to this group after the scales were applied in the last interview held in the outpatient clinic control. The application of the scales took 20-25 minutes on average.
Face-to-face education group
Experimental group
Description:
Identifying Information Form (IIF), Medication Adherence Report Scale (MARS), and Duke Anticoagulation Satisfaction Scale (DASS) were applied to the face-to-face group in the first interview. They were provided with face-to-face education on the determined date and in the specified environment. At the end of the education, education booklet was given to the individuals. Then, an appointment was made for a month later in hospital environment. In the interview held one month later, the scales were applied again for the last time.
Treatment:
Other: Face-to-face education
Online education group
Experimental group
Description:
IIF, MARS, and DASS were also applied to the online education group in the first interview. On the predetermined date and time, online education was given to individuals through video calls held on TEAMS, Google MEET, or WhatsApp. Then, the education booklet was sent to the participants through the application. An appointment date was determined to have another interview a month later. In the interview held a month later, the relevant scales were applied for the last time. At the end of the education, an evaluation was made, and the parts that were seen to be deficient and the issues/questions that the participants raised were repeated. Accordingly, the individuals in both intervention groups were requested to come for control a month later, and the scales were applied for the last time. Education was provided to the participants by the same researcher using the two methods, and the same education content and booklet was used.
Treatment:
Other: Online education

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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