The Effect of Radiotherapy and Temozolomide on the Tumor Vasculature and Stem Cells in Human High-grade Astrocytomas (Gliomstudien)

H

Haukeland University Hospital

Status

Terminated

Conditions

Tumor Angiogenesis
Glioblastoma Multiforme
Anaplastic Astrocytoma

Treatments

Procedure: Tumor sample
Device: Functional MRI (DCE-MRI)
Procedure: Blood sample

Study type

Observational

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT00473408
15437
REK ID: 202.06 (Registry Identifier)

Details and patient eligibility

About

The purpose of the current trial is to explore whether the standard treatment with radiotherapy and temozolomide affect the tumor vasculature in patients with high-grade astrocytomas. If vascular effects are identified, future clinical trials can be proposed wherein anti-angiogenic agents are added to increase patient survival.

Full description

Today's standard treatment with radiotherapy and temozolomide yields a life expectancy of 1.5-3 years in patients with high-grade astrocytomas. Thus, there is a need for further therapeutic improvements in this patient population. The purpose of the current trial is to explore whether radiotherapy and temozolomide affect the tumor vasculature in patients with high-grade astrocytomas. If vascular effects are identified, future clinical trials can be proposed wherein anti-angiogenic agents are added to increase patient survival. Additionally, stem cells within malignant brain tumors is an important new area of research in this patient population, and investigations herein could contribute to identify new predictive markers and therapeutic targets. Primary objective: To assess the vascular perfusion and permeability characteristics of high-grade astrocytomas (anaplastic astrocytoma and glioblastoma multiforme) using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) in patients receiving radiotherapy and temozolomide. Furthermore to assess whether therapy-induced changes in tumor perfusion is correlated with progression-free survival. Secondary objectives: Analyze circulating endothelial cells in the blood by flow cytometry to explore whether these cells can be used as an indirect estimate of angiogenesis in high-grade astrocytomas Analyze tumor specimens from patients that have had their gliomas debulked before commencing therapy immunostaining of the tumor vasculature to assess microvessel density immunostaining for tumor stem cells flow cytometric assessment of dissolved tumor tissue to look for tumor stem cells Assess progression-free survival of all patients included in the study, in order to correlate the survival data with the above tissue sampling results.

Enrollment

1 patient

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Histologically confirmed primary high-grade astrocytoma, i.e. anaplastic astrocytoma or glioblastoma multiforme.
  • Have a WHO performance status 0-2 and be able to undergo outpatient treatment.
  • Age ≥18 years.
  • No pregnant or lactating patients can be included.

Patients must have radiographically documented measurable disease postoperatively. At least one tumor lesion must be unidimensionally measurable as follows:

  • Tumor lesion > 10 mm on conventional MRI scan, T1-weighted series, after intravenous (i.v.) gadolinium chelate contrast.
  • All diagnostic radiology studies must be performed within 28 days prior to registration.

Absence of conditions making MRI scans impossible;

  • Cardiac pacemaker
  • Other ferromagnetic metal implants not authorised for use in MRI such as some types of cerebral aneurysm clips
  • Serious claustrophobia
  • Obesity (> 300 lb., 140 Kg)
  • Patients who are receiving corticosteroids have to receive stable or decreasing doses for at least 14 days before entering the trial.
  • No prior chemotherapy for high-grade astrocytoma
  • Absence of opportunistic infections making temozolomide contraindicated.

Minimum required laboratory data:

Hematology:

  • Absolute granulocytes > 1.0 x 10^9/L
  • Platelets > 100 x 10^9/L

Biochemistry:

  • Bilirubin < 1.5 x upper normal limit
  • INR < 1.5
  • Serum creatinine <1.5 x upper normal limit
  • Adequate cognitive function in order to give informed consent.
  • Absence of any psychological, familial or sociological condition potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule; those conditions should be discussed with the patient before registration in the trial
  • Before patient registration/randomization, written informed consent must be given according to national and local regulations.

Exclusion criteria

Lack of fulfillment of inclusion criteria.

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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