The Effect of Skin to Skin Contact on Postpartum Hemorrhage, Pain And Breastfeeding


Saglik Bilimleri Universitesi




Skin to Skin Contact


Other: Skin to skin contact

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


The aim of this study was to determine the effect of postpartum hemorrhage, pain and onset of early breastfeeding so that the skin applied at the third stage of birth is in contact with the skin. Material and Method: The study was carried out as a randomized controlled single-blind experimental study. The sample consists of 68 healthy mother and baby pairs. Skin contact with mothers and babies in the experimental group will be applied for 34 minutes immediately after birth. Routine care will be applied to the babies in the control group. Data will be collected using Personal Information Form, Visual Analogue Scale, LATCH Breastfeeding Diagnostic Scale, Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale, postpartum hemorrhage follow-up bag, pad and oxytocin, ᵦ endorphine analysis results. were collected using Personal Information Form, Visual Analogue Scale, LATCH Breastfeeding Diagnostic Scale, Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale, postpartum bleeding follow-up bag, pad and oxytocin, ᵦ endorphin analysis results.

Full description

Implementation of the Practice of the Study; In the standard practice of the delivery room clinic, where the study was planned, babies are clamped as soon as they are born, and their routine care (such as K vit and hepatitis B vaccine application) is taken under the radiant heater. The skin contact can not be applied between the baby and the mother. After the baby is cared, until the mother is transferred to the postpartum clinic, the baby is wrapped in a clean cotton sterile cloth under a radiant heater in the baby room. Routine care was applied to the babies of the control group mothers. No physical contact with the babies of the control group mothers was performed, standard applications were applied in the clinic (placing the baby under the radiant heater for clamping the umbilical cord as soon as it was born, K-vit application, Hepatitis B vaccine application etc.). As soon as the babies of the mothers in the experimental group were born, the babies were placed in a prone position with skin contact on their mothers' bare belly. The baby was gently dried, covered with a blanket and a beret was worn. The umbilical cord of the baby was clamped late (approximately 1-3 minutes). The baby was kept in this position for 30 minutes and then taken under the radiant heater for routine care. Blood was collected from women in the experimental and control groups for the 1st and 30th minutes after the birth of the baby for oxytocin and ᵦ endorphin analysis. After for both groups, VAS was applied after 2nd and 6th hours after birth, LATCH Breastfeeding Assessment and BSS were applied in 24th hour and 1 week later of the birth. Immediately after birth, a postpartum hemorrhage follow-up bag was placed on the gynecological table and followed by a bleeding bag until the mother got up from the gynecological table. When women were taken to bed from gynecological table, bleeding was followed up with a perineal pad. Weights of pad and mattress protections of women were weighed at 24 hours because normal women were discharged at 24 hours after delivery.


64 patients




18 to 35 years old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Women aged 18-35 years,
  • having a single pregnancy,
  • literate,
  • between 37-42 gestational week,
  • hemoglobin level of 10 g and above,
  • without chronic, mental and psychological disease


  • without congenital anomalies,
  • with a first Apgar score of 8 and above,
  • birth weight between 2500 - 4000 g
  • no obstruction to oral feeding

Exclusion criteria

  • Induction practice,
  • multiparity,
  • any risky condition development in the mother and baby during or after birth

Trial design

Primary purpose

Supportive Care



Interventional model

Parallel Assignment


Single Blind

64 participants in 2 patient groups

Skin to skin contact
Experimental group
The mothers and their babies in the experimental group received a 30-minute skin to skin contact immediately after birth (n:34)
Other: Skin to skin contact
Routine care
No Intervention group
The babies in the control group received routine care (n:34)

Trial contacts and locations



Data sourced from

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