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The Effect of Solving Jigsaw Puzzles on Visuospatial Cognition in Older Adults: Jigsaw Puzzles As Cognitive Enrichment (PACE)

U

University of Ulm

Status

Completed

Conditions

Cognitive Impairment

Treatments

Behavioral: Cognitive health counseling
Behavioral: Jigsaw puzzles

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT02667314
Klipsy_044_PACE

Details and patient eligibility

About

Meta-analyses indicate beneficial effects of cognitive training and cognitively challenging video games on cognition. However, cognitive effects of solving jigsaw puzzles - a popular, visuospatial cognitive leisure activity - have not been investigated, yet. Thus, the primary aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of solving jigsaw puzzles on visuospatial cognition. As secondary aims, effects on psychological outcomes (self-efficacy, perceived stress, well-being) and visuospatial everyday functioning (instrumental activities of daily living and self-reported cognitive failures in everyday life) are examined.

Full description

see References section below for the study protocol article

Enrollment

100 patients

Sex

All

Ages

50+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • No cognitive impairment (Mini-Mental State Examination ≥ 24)
  • Commitment to minimum jigsaw puzzle time (1 hour/day, 6 days/week, 5 weeks)
  • Interest in jigsaw puzzles
  • Low jigsaw puzzle experience (less than 5 completed puzzles within the last 5 years)

Exclusion criteria

  • Cognitive impairment (Mini-Mental State Examination < 24)
  • Participation in another interventional study
  • Self-reported psychiatric, neurologic or other disease, which could affect cognitive change over time
  • Self-reported, severe visual impairment or motoric impairment of the upper extremity which significantly affects ability to solve jigsaw puzzles

Trial design

Primary purpose

Prevention

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Single Blind

100 participants in 2 patient groups

Jigsaw Puzzle Group
Experimental group
Description:
Jigsaw puzzles & Cognitive health counseling
Treatment:
Behavioral: Jigsaw puzzles
Behavioral: Cognitive health counseling
Cognitive Health Counseling Group
Active Comparator group
Description:
Cognitive health counseling only
Treatment:
Behavioral: Cognitive health counseling

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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