The Effect of the Pregnancy Pillow Used in the Last Trimmester on Fatigue and Comfort


Amasya University


Not yet enrolling


Sleep Support Pillow


Other: sleep support pillow

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


Detecting fatigue experienced during pregnancy and intervening with an effective intervention has an important place in both improving the comfort during pregnancy and the healthy progress of pregnancy, birth and postpartum period. Determining the severity of fatigue experienced during pregnancy and identifying risk factors can help midwives design adequate and effective interventions for pregnant women in this sensitive period (Çoban \& Yanıkkerem, 2010; Türkmen, 2014). The planned research was aimed to examine the effect of the pregnancy pillow used in the last trimester on fatigue and comfort.

Full description

Pregnancy is a natural and physiological event. However, the physiological, psychological and metabolic changes that occur in this process may bring about some disorders (Şahin & Kiliçarslan, 2010; Yanikkerem, Altiparmak, & Karadenİz, 2006). Disorders that occur during this period may differ depending on the week of pregnancy. In the first trimester, breast tenderness, nausea-vomiting, frequent urination; in the second trimester; Constipation, headache, increased appetite, back pain and fatigue may occur (Aydın Özkan, Kaya Şenol, & Aslan, 2020). In the third trimester, due to changing anatomical and physiological changes, edema, frequent urination, muscle cramps, lower back pain, insomnia, shortness of breath, weakness and fatigue may be observed (Aydın Özkan et al., 2020). Fatigue is a condition that is frequently seen, especially in the third trimester of pregnancy, and has an impact on the ability to continue activities of daily living. Although the real cause is unknown, fatigue and weakness can occur in any period of pregnancy. It has also been stated in the literature that it may cause labor pain or postpartum depression (Mortazavi & Borzoee, 2019). Therefore, preventing fatigue during pregnancy is very important. Comfort is the state of being stress-free and comfortable physiologically, spiritually and socially (Kolcaba & Dimarco, 2005). A woman who completes her pregnancy comfortably has a high sense of self-confidence and quality of life. In the opposite case, it is known that stress, anxiety and depression are experienced more and pregnancy and birth complications increase (Nakamura et al., 2015). Therefore, it is important to determine the comfort levels of pregnant women and know the affecting factors (Aydın Özkan et al., 2020). Midwives have important duties to improve maternal and indirectly public health by reducing pregnancy problems experienced by women. Midwives should not only provide physical care to pregnant women during prenatal care. Midwives must also fulfill their roles and responsibilities of observation, support, assistance, continuing education and consultancy. Midwives should carefully listen to the symptoms and problems stated by the pregnant woman and determine the extent of the problems. One of the most important problems experienced during pregnancy is fatigue (Cheng et al., 2015; Çoban & Yanıkkerem, 2010; Perry et al., 2014). However, unfortunately, there is no systematic intervention to prevent or treat fatigue experienced during pregnancy.


39 estimated patients




18 to 45 years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Over 18 years of age,
  • Volunteer to participate in the research,
  • Primiparous,
  • 29-30. week of pregnancy,
  • Speaks Turkish,
  • At least primary school graduate,
  • It is planned to include pregnant women who do not have any chronic, visual/mental or diagnosed psychiatric problems and who do not use medication.

Exclusion criteria

  • Younger than 18,
  • Those who do not volunteer to participate in the research,
  • Multiparous,
  • Less than 29 weeks,
  • Those who do not speak Turkish,
  • Illiterate,
  • It is planned to exclude pregnant women who have any chronic, visual/mental or diagnosed psychiatric problems and who use medication.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Supportive Care



Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

39 participants in 2 patient groups

Experimental group
Experimental group
First of all, the pregnant women included in the experimental group; Survey forms and scales will be applied in the pre-test (in weeks 29-30). Then, a pregnancy pillow will be given and necessary explanations will be given about its use. Second follow-up 33-34. It will be done during the first week of pregnancy and the scales will be repeated. The last test is 37-38. It will be done during the gestational week (before birth) and the research will be completed. Pregnancy pillow provides support and relief to 5 different parts of the body simultaneously. It protects the health of expectant mothers during pregnancy and helps reduce neck, abdominal, waist, back and leg pain. It does not lose its shape, become felt or flat with use. Thanks to its zipper, the cover can be easily removed and washed, and can be put on just as easily.
Other: sleep support pillow
Control group
No Intervention group
To the pregnant women included in the control group, the researcher; The survey forms and scales will be applied in the pre-test and no other intervention will be applied (in weeks 29-30). Pregnant women in the control group were given 33-34 and 37-38 days. The last test will be done in a week.

Trial contacts and locations



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