The Effects of Mother-Baby Yoga and Baby Massage on Attachment and Sleep


Antalya Bilim University




Mother-Infant Interaction


Behavioral: Monther-Baby Yoga
Behavioral: Baby Massage

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the effects of mother-baby yoga and massage on mother-baby bonding and the baby's sleep. Method: A randomised, crossover pilot study was conducted in the postpartum service of a hospital between January and November 2023, with 60 mothers and their babies in the postpartum period, 30 in each group. To the mothers and their babies included in the research, baby massage was applied to one group and mother-baby yoga was applied to the other. After four weeks, the groups' practices were changed. In the results of the research, characteristics related to attachment and sleep were evaluated.


60 patients




Under 5 days old


Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Babies in the first week of postpartum
  • Healthy babies,
  • Therm (37-40 W),
  • The baby should be at normal birth weight (2500-4000gr),
  • Mothers who know how to read and writ

Exclusion criteria

  • Mothers with communication problems,
  • Individuals whose mother or baby are monitored in intensive care after birth
  • If the mother has a physical disability or any chronic disease (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, etc.),
  • Psychological illness in the mother (major depression, psychosis, etc.),
  • Pregnancy through assisted reproductive techniques,
  • Mothers who are diagnosed with a sleep disorder and who have their babies treated for this reason.

Trial design

Primary purpose

Supportive Care



Interventional model

Crossover Assignment


Single Blind

60 participants in 2 patient groups

Baby Massage
Experimental group
In the baby massage application, mothers were trained on baby massage and the massage applied by the mother to her baby was observed once. The baby massage video prepared by the researchers was shared with mothers. Baby massage application was performed 90 minutes after feeding and each application was performed at the same time. Mothers massaged their babies for 15 minutes three times a week for a month. The Massage Application Content included one minute face, two minutes chest, four minutes arm, two minutes abdominal, four minutes leg and two minutes back massage (Virgian and Setiawati, 2021; Yenigün 2020; Yılmaz, 2019). All mothers were called once a week by a researcher to provide counseling and follow-up of the process. At the end of four weeks, measurement tools were applied to all mothers and the groups were changed, massage was applied to the yoga group, and yoga intervention was applied to the massage group, as in the beginning of the research.
Behavioral: Baby Massage
Mother-Baby Yoga
Experimental group
The mothers in the Mother-Baby Yoga group were given a 10-minute training on mother-baby yoga before the application, and then a session was applied together. Mothers were asked to choose the most suitable time of day for themselves and the baby, to ensure that the baby was fed at least 45 minutes before yoga, and to practice yoga in a calm and dimly lit environment, listening to music or white noise of their choice. One yoga session lasted approximately 20 minutes. Mothers and their babies did mother-baby yoga three times a week for four weeks. Mother baby yoga content; Mood regulation: belly breathing, warm touch from the heart, chair pose, scoop hug, bukka bukka, vortex creation, lush falls one hand two hands, tiny stretches, here and now awareness and dolphin pose.
Behavioral: Monther-Baby Yoga

Trial contacts and locations



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