The Efficacy and Safety of Short-course Radiation Combined With Adebrelimab and CAPEOX Neo-adjuvant Therapy for Organ-retention in Patients With MSS/pMMR Ultra Low Rectal Adenocarcinoma

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Zhejiang University

Status and phase

Phase 2


Rectal Adenocarcinoma


Drug: Capecitabine
Drug: Adebrelimab
Procedure: Biopsy
Radiation: Short-course Radiation
Drug: Oxaliplatin

Study type


Funder types




Details and patient eligibility


To evaluate the efficacy, safety and organ retention rate of short-course radiation combined with Adebrelimab and CAPEOX neoadjuvant therapy in patients with MSS/pMMR ultra low rectal adenocarcinoma.

Full description

At present, neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) combined with total mesorectal excision (TME) is the main standard treatment, and the choice of treatment modalities is limited. The emergence of immunotherapy has provided a new direction for the exploration of neoadjuvant therapy for rectal adenocarcinoma. At the same time, a number of studies have also shown that appropriate radiotherapy intensity can promote immune response. Therefore, the investigators intend to conduct the clinical trail to explore the effect of short-course radiotherapy combined with PD-L1 combined and chemotherapy as TNT (total neoadjuvant therapy) on organ retention rate in patients with With MSS/pMMR Ultra Low Rectal Adenocarcinoma.


30 estimated patients




18+ years old


No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Patients who are willing to receive neoadjuvant therapy.
  • ≧18 years old.
  • Diagnosed by digital rectal examination, colonoscopy, and high-resolution MRI of the pelvis, the tumor is less than or equal to 5 cm from the anus.
  • Histologically diagnosed as rectal adenocarcinoma.
  • MMR protein detection or MSI gene detection of rectal cancer specimens confirmed pMMR or MSS before treatment .
  • The clinical staging by pelvic contrast-enhanced CT and pelvic high-resolution MRI were stage I, II and III.
  • The patient has good compliance and can come to the hospital for re-examination as required.
  • ECOG Scale of Performance Status score 0-1 point.
  • Have not received anti-tumor and immunotherapy before enrollment.

Laboratory inspections must meet the following standards:

  • White blood cell count>3.5×109/L, absolute value of neutrophils>1.8×109/L, platelet count ≥75×109/L, hemoglobin ≥100g/L;
  • INR≤1.5, and APTT≤1.5 times the upper limit of normal or partial prothrombin time (PT) ≤1.5 times the upper limit of normal;
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.25 times the upper limit of normal; ALT and AST < 5 times the upper limit of normal;
  • 24h creatinine clearance >50mL/min or serum creatinine <1.5 times the upper limit of normal.
  • Voluntarily participate in this study and sign the informed consent.

Exclusion criteria

  • History of other malignant diseases other than rectal cancer in the past 5 years.
  • Patients with metastases from other sites (stage IV patients).
  • Patients with intestinal obstruction, intestinal perforation, intestinal bleeding, etc. requiring emergency surgery.
  • Known allergic to oxaliplatin, capecitabine, Adebrelimab and other drugs.
  • Pathologically suggested signet ring cell carcinoma and mucinous adenocarcinoma.
  • dMMR or MSI-H patients.
  • The patient is accompanied by any unstable systemic disease, including but not limited to: severe infection, uncontrolled diabetes, hypertension uncontrolled by medication, unstable angina, cerebrovascular accident or transient cerebral ischemia, myocardial Infarction, congestive heart failure, severe cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication, hepatic, renal or metabolic disease; disease affecting the patient's life.
  • The disease (such as mental illness, etc.) or condition (such as alcoholism or drug abuse, etc.) associated with the patient will increase the risk of the patient receiving the trial drug treatment or affect the patient's compliance with the trial requirements, or may confuse the research results.
  • Active autoimmune disease that may worsen while receiving immunostimulants.
  • Known history of positive HIV test or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

Patients who are using immunosuppressive agents, except for the following conditions:

  • Intranasal, inhaled, topical steroids, or topical steroid injections (eg, intra-articular injections);
  • Physiological doses of systemic corticosteroids ≤10 mg/day prednisone or equivalent; 3) Steroids used to prevent allergic reactions (eg, before CT scan).
  • Received any other experimental drug treatment or participated in another interventional clinical trial within 30 days before screening.
  • Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding or who plan to become pregnant or breastfeeding during the study period; men or women who are unwilling to take effective contraceptive measures.
  • Vulnerable groups, including mentally ill, cognitively impaired, critically ill patients, minors, etc.
  • Other conditions that the investigator judges that the patient is not suitable to participate in the clinical study, etc.

Trial design

Primary purpose




Interventional model

Single Group Assignment


None (Open label)

30 participants in 1 patient group

Total Neoadjuvant Therapy with Short-course Radiation followed by Adebrelimab plus CAPEOX
Experimental group
The enrolled patients with MSS-type advanced ultra low rectal adenocarcinoma will receive a combined regimen of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy combined with immunotherapy and biopsy or local excision. Radiotherapy uses a short-range mode, irradiating the primary tumor and high-risk areas with dose of 25 Gy. After radiotherapy, PD-L1 antibody (20mg/kg, intravenously guttae, 2courses) immunotherapy combined with 2 courses of CAPEOX chemotherapy was performed. 1-4 weeks after the end of the combined treatment plan in step 2), biopsy or local excision of the lesion is performed.
Drug: Oxaliplatin
Radiation: Short-course Radiation
Procedure: Biopsy
Drug: Adebrelimab
Drug: Capecitabine

Trial contacts and locations



Central trial contact

sheng dai, MD&PhD

Data sourced from

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