The Emergency Department Longitudinal Integrated Care (ED-LINC2)

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University of Washington

Status

Enrolling

Conditions

Opioid Use Disorder

Treatments

Other: ED-LINC

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other
NIH

Identifiers

NCT05327166
R01DA051462 (U.S. NIH Grant/Contract)
STUDY00012599

Details and patient eligibility

About

Collaborative care is a comprehensive patient-centered model of healthcare delivery targeting behavioral health or substance use that stems from the chronic disease management framework. The intervention being tested ('Emergency Department Longitudinal Integrated Care' or ED LINC) derives from the collaborative care model and has demonstrated feasibility in previous studies. This study expands on the model to test the effectiveness of the ED-LINC intervention when compared with usual care. The study team primarily hypothesizes that patients randomized to the ED-LINC intervention, when compared to patients randomized to usual care, will demonstrate: 1) significant reductions in self-report illicit opioid use, 2) significant increases in initiation and retention of medications for opioid use disorder, and 3) significant reductions in ED utilization.

Full description

This is a randomized clinical trial designed to test the effectiveness of the multi-component ED-LINC intervention. Patients with moderate or severe OUD seeking medical care at 2 EDs in Seattle, Washington, who provide informed consent will be randomized to the ED-LINC intervention (n=250) or usual care control (n=250) conditions. ED-LINC will include: 1) overdose education, 2) brief bedside intervention targeting motivation to engage in outpatient care, 3) a patient-centered approach to medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) using a treatment decision support tool, 4) longitudinal and proactive care management which will proceed for approximately 3 months, and 5) weekly caseload supervision allowing for stepped-up care targeting opioid use and comorbidity. This intervention will use the Emergency Department Information Exchange (EDIE) to re-engage patients with subsequent ED visits. This study team developed the 'Emergency Department Longitudinal Integrated Care 2.0' intervention or 'ED-LINC' for patients with OUD to be initiated from the ED. In prior work, ED-LINC was feasible and retention in the study was high in both an intervention arm and a usual care control arm. Additionally, participants randomized to the ED-LINC arm were satisfied and acceptability of the intervention was high. Elements of ED-LINC are based on evidence-based treatments and are central components of collaborative care and will acknowledge the longitudinal care required for opioid use disorder and related substance abuse, mental health and medical comorbidity.

Enrollment

500 estimated patients

Sex

All

Ages

18+ years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Aged 18 years or older
  • Moderate or Severe OUD based on the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM Disorders (SCID)
  • Currently have a phone or method of contact
  • Able to provide a phone number and one additional piece of contact information

Exclusion criteria

  • Incarcerated or under arrest
  • Non-English speaking
  • Live beyond a 50 mile radius of Harborview Medical Center
  • Require active resuscitation in the ED or other clinical area at the time of Research Assistant (RA) approach
  • Are receiving palliative care services or hospice care for a chronic illness such as metastatic cancer
  • Are in the ED or hospital for a primary psychiatric emergency such as suicidal ideation or attempt and require emergent evaluation by a Psychiatrist
  • Receiving chronic opioid therapy (COT) defined as prescription opioids for most days out of the last 90 days for a chronic pain condition
  • In the ED for sexual assault
  • Enrolled or eligible for state-funded or hospital-funded care coordination program based on high utilization of the ED

Trial design

Primary purpose

Supportive Care

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

None (Open label)

500 participants in 2 patient groups

Usual Care
No Intervention group
Description:
Participants assigned to this arm will receive usual care.
ED-LINC Intervention
Experimental group
Description:
Patients assigned to the ED-LINC intervention will receive 1) overdose education, 2) brief bedside intervention targeting motivation to engage in outpatient care, 3) a patient-centered approach to MOUD using a treatment decision support tool, 4) longitudinal and proactive care management and 5) weekly caseload supervision allowing for stepped-up care targeting opioid use and comorbidity.
Treatment:
Other: ED-LINC

Trial contacts and locations

1

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Central trial contact

Layla A Anderson

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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