The Evaluation of Vitiligous Lesions Repigmentation After Topical Administration of Methotrexate in Patients With Active Vitiligo (EVRAM)

N

Nicolaus Copernicus University

Status and phase

Completed
Phase 3

Conditions

Non-segmental Vitiligo

Treatments

Drug: 1% Methotrexate gel
Drug: 0.5% Methotrexate gel

Study type

Interventional

Funder types

Other

Identifiers

NCT04942860
WL107

Details and patient eligibility

About

The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of two concentrations of methotrexate on vitiligous lesions in patients with non-segmental vitiligo

Full description

Methotrexate, synthesized in the 1950s as an anticancer drug with an antiproliferative effect, is currently one of the most commonly used immunosuppressive agents in dermatology. The use of small, non-oncological doses has revealed its anti-inflammatory properties, including the impact on a number of cytokines involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. It has been shown that treatment with methotrexate reduces the levels of TNF-alpha-producing T cells, while the number of IL-10 producing T cells increases. Methotrexate also inhibits the synthesis of interferon-γ. The above considerations justify the use of topical methotrexate in patients with vitiligo in order to obtain repigmentation. A study has been designed as a single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study with the enrollment of up to 100 active non-segmental vitiligo patients presenting with vitiligous lesions on both upper and lower limbs. Clinical effects of gel containing 1% methotrexate or 0.5% methotrexate applied on a preselected limb will be assessed in comparison with vehicle ointment applied on the opposite limb. All study participants will undergo clinical evaluation using Body Surface Area (BSA) and Vitiligo Area Scoring Index (VASI) scales at baseline, week 4, week 8 and week 12 time points. Precise assessment of skin lesions will be performed using photographic documentation obtained during each study visit and processed with NIS-Elements software.

Enrollment

25 patients

Sex

All

Ages

18 to 80 years old

Volunteers

No Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion criteria

  • Patients of Clinic of Dermatology, Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Immunodermatology, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz
  • Provision of an informed consent form prior to any study procedures
  • Diagnosis of non-segmental acrofacial vitiligo with upper and lower limbs involvement
  • Active vitiligo, defined as appearance of new areas of depigmentation or progression of existing areas of depigmentation within 3 months preceding screening
  • Male or non-pregnant and non-breastfeeding female patients aged 18 to 80 years
  • Women must use effective contraception one month preceding treatment, during treatment and 6 months after completing treatment.
  • Confirmed valid health insurance

Exclusion criteria

  • Diagnosis of segmental, mixed, unclassified or undefined vitiligo
  • Pregnancy and breastfeeding
  • Hypersensitivity to methotrexate or any of the excipients
  • Systemic immunosuppressive/immunomodulating i.e. cyclosporine A, corticosteroids within 4 weeks preceding eligibility screening or azathioprine, methotrexate, mycophenolate mofetil, Janus kinase - JAK within 8 weeks preceding eligibility screening
  • Phototherapy due to vitiligo or any other medical conditions within the 4-week period preceding eligibility screening
  • Any topical or systemic additional vitiligo treatment (e.g. antioxidants, ginkgo biloba, dermo-cosmetics) within 4 weeks preceding screening
  • Surgical treatment of vitiligous lesions within past 4 weeks
  • Severe liver dysfunction [bilirubin> 5 mg / dL (85.5 μmol / L)], including cirrhosis and hepatitis
  • Severe renal impairment (eGFR <20 ml / min),
  • Disorders of the hematopoietic system, bone marrow disorders (leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, anemia),
  • Immunodeficiencies, including HIV infection
  • Severe acute or chronic infections such as tuberculosis
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Mouth ulcers and known active gastric or duodenal ulcer disease
  • Recent surgical wounds.
  • Skin malignancies (currently or history of skin malignancy within 5 years preceding screening)
  • Presence of skin characteristics that may interfere with study assessments
  • Patients currently participating in any other clinical study
  • Uncooperative patients

Trial design

Primary purpose

Treatment

Allocation

Randomized

Interventional model

Parallel Assignment

Masking

Double Blind

25 participants in 3 patient groups, including a placebo group

Methotrexate 1% gel
Active Comparator group
Description:
1% methotrexate gel applied onto a predefined limb
Treatment:
Drug: 1% Methotrexate gel
Methotrexate 0.5% gel
Active Comparator group
Description:
0.5% methotrexate gel applied onto a predefined limb
Treatment:
Drug: 0.5% Methotrexate gel
Vehicle gel
Placebo Comparator group
Description:
Vehicle gel applied onto a predefined limb
Treatment:
Drug: 0.5% Methotrexate gel
Drug: 1% Methotrexate gel

Trial contacts and locations

0

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Central trial contact

Adam Cichewicz, MD

Data sourced from clinicaltrials.gov

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